Jumat, 31 Mei 2013

How to Wire a Nissan Relay

How to Wire a Nissan Relay

Many of the electrical components on your Nissan car or truck are powered by devices called relays. Similar to fuses, relays tend to have larger power storage capacities and can regulate high voltage safely and efficiently. The relays in your Nissan are not "wired," but instead are connected inside the main relay panel by simply plugging them in. The main relay panel is located inside your engine compartment, typically near the battery. Relay installation takes about 5 minutes.

Instructions

    1

    Open your Nissan's hood and remove your negative battery cable with your socket set.

    2

    Use a screwdriver to remove the plastic screw holding the relay panels cover on and pull the relay panel cover off by hand.

    3

    Find the relay you want to replace and pull it straight out from its socket.

    4

    Plug the new relay back into its correct socket on your Nissan.

    5

    Put the relay panel cover back on and then replace the plastic retaining screw to hold it in place.

    6

    Replace your Nissan's negative battery cable.

How to Get Scratches Out of Auto Glass

How to Get Scratches Out of Auto Glass

Scratches in windshields and in other auto glass can reduce visibility and become a distraction while driving, not to mention that they are eyesores on your vehicle. Removing light scratches can be done at home in a few steps.

Instructions

    1

    Apply the polishing compound--which can be found in an automotive supplies store--to the scratches with a soft cloth. Completely cover the area and several inches around the scratches. Gently wipe the compound in a circular motion. Allow it to set for a few minutes.

    2

    Use the buffer to machine polish the compound into the scratches. The buffer needs to be set on medium-high, if the setting is available. Use the buffer until most of the compound is not visible.

    3

    Wipe away the residue with a soft cloth. Most of the scratches should be faded. If light scratches remain, repeat the process two or three times until they are gone. If the scratches are too deep, you may only be able to minimize their appearance.

How to Remove a Brake Caliper on a 2005 Ford Escape

A brake caliper on a 2005 Ford Escape houses the brake pads. Mounted inside a caliper bracket, over the top of the brake rotor, the caliper contracts on the rotor when you apply the brakes. This action clamps the brake pads onto the rotor in order to stop the small SUV. Ford Motor Company recommends inspecting the brake pads at every other oil-change interval and replacing them when they fall below 3 mm in thickness. Anyone with a solid grasp on automotive repair can remove a 2005 Ford Escape brake caliper.

Instructions

    1

    Position the wheel chocks against one of the Escape's rear wheels. Turn each individual front lug nut counterclockwise with the lug wrench to loosen them.

    2

    Jack the front end of the Escape off the ground. Set the two jack stands under the front frame and lower the Escape onto the jack stands.

    3

    Take off the Escape's front lug nuts and wheels by hand to expose the brake calipers. Put the drain pan below the caliper and use the brake cleaner to wash away the accumulated brake dust.

    4

    Remove the Escape's caliper bolts with the socket set. Grab the caliper body with both hands and remove it from the caliper bracket.

How to Replace the Rear Window on a 1994 Chrysler LeBaron Convertible

The Chrysler LeBaron was reintroduced in 1977 after initally being popular in the 1920's. The LeBaron consists of a total of 5 different cars. The 1994 version is a AA-body mid-size sedan. A broken rear window in your 1994 Chrysler LeBaron can give many potential thieves an opportunity to steal important equipment from your vehicle or even steal the vehicle itself. If your rear window becomes damaged or broken you should look to remove it as soon as possible in order to replace it with a new one.

Instructions

    1

    Use a sharp blade to cut away the rear window's weather-stripping perimeter. The perimeter is a black strip which is found around the outer edge of the window.

    2

    Enter the back seat of the LeBaron. Carefully press the rear window out of the frame and away from its seal. Have someone on hand outside the vehicle to help lift it out of place.

    3

    Clean around the edges of the window frame to remove any of the adhesive which is present from the recently removed window.

    4

    Use a caulk gun to apply a thin layer of urethane caulk around the edges of the new window. Lift the window in to the window frame. Press the window against the frame at the top and bottom to allow a seal to set in place.

    5

    Leave the LeBaron in a stationary position for 24 hours to allow the window to set firmly in place.

Kamis, 30 Mei 2013

The Disadvantages of the Drum Brakes Pulling

The Disadvantages of the Drum Brakes Pulling

A vehicle uses the drum brakes for two purposes: stopping and holding the vehicle. The emergency brake typically links to rear brake drums and partially engages the brake when activated. Stopping the vehicle activates both piston and springs within the drum brake to stop the momentum of the vehicle. A pulling drum brake poses safety issues and a high potential for collateral damage to your vehicle.

Stopping Power

    You lose stopping power when the drum brakes fail. Typically, rear drum brakes provide 40 percent of a vehicle's stopping power. A pulling drum brake implies that the other brake is damaged if you notice the pulling when stopping or that the pulling brake is over-adjusted if you notice the pulling while driving. Either situation results in brake failure if the issue continues uncorrected. The pads, internal springs, and caliper wear down faster.

Tires and Driveline

    Rear-wheel drive vehicles distribute the engine's power between the rear wheels. You place the rear differential under greater stress when one of the rear drum brakes pulls. The stress translates to greater wear and tear on the rear axle and related components inside the rear differential that may lead to leaks or total failure. The tires begin to wear unevenly. The tire that sees the most pulling wears down much more rapidly than the other tires. The damage becomes more noticeable and happens rapidly once the damage appears on the tire.

Alignment and Suspension

    Pulling brakes forces the weight of the vehicle to shift toward the wheel well that is pulling. The shift in weight translates to higher pressures placed on the suspension of the wheel well, increasing the potential for suspension damage. The wheel alignment quickly begins to misalign regardless of the location of the pulling brake. Both front and rear alignments need to be done when you notice your brakes pulling.

How to Remove a Door Window in a 2001 Ford F-250

The 2001 Ford F-250 Super Duty pickup is the mid-sized truck in Ford's non-commercial F-Series fleet. Ford offered the 2001 F-250 with three different cab configurations: standard, super cab and super crew. If the door window glass incurs a scratch or chip, you'll most likely need to replace it. An auto glass company can buff out surface scratches that aren't deep enough to catch on your fingernail. Anything deeper than that requires window replacement. Always use caution when handling auto glass as the sheer weight of the glass if dropped and broken can deliver life-threatening lacerations in the blink of an eye.

Instructions

    1

    Open the F-250's window fully. Pry the sail panel trim off the F-250's door. The sail panel is the triangular trim piece located at the leading upper-edge of the door panel, on the backside of the door's A-pillar.

    2

    Pry the window and lock switch off the door panel using the trim tool. Disconnect the body harness from the switches and then set the switch bezel aside.

    3

    Pry the courtesy-light lens off the bottom trailing-edge of the door panel using the trim tool. Remove the hex-head screw behind the window switch bezel and the courtesy-light lens using the socket wrench and 7 mm socket.

    4

    Lift the door panel off the door by hand. Unplug the courtesy light from the body harness before moving the panel away to a safe location.

    5

    Lift the window to the top of the window frame --- you may need to temporarily reconnect the window switch to raise the window electronically. Secure the window to the top of the frame using packing tape. Unbolt the window glass from the window regulator using a socket wrench and 8 mm socket.

    6

    Support the window glass with one hand while removing the packing tape with the other. Lower the glass far enough to grab the top of the glass with both hands from the outside of the F-250. Tilt the glass forward and lift it up and out of the F-250's door through the outside of the window.

    7

    Set the old glass down in a safe location. Tilt the new glass forward and slide it down into the door from the outside. Tilt the glass back into the door, so it sits level and then raise it to the top of the window frame.

    8

    Secure the new glass to the top of the door with packing tape. Bolt the new glass to the window regulator using the socket and wrench. Remove the packing tape.

    9

    Reconnect the window switch temporarily and lower the window down into the door. Disconnect the switch. Slide the door panel onto the door.

    10

    Reinstall the two door-panel retaining screws with the socket wrench and 7 mm socket. Snap the courtesy-light lens into the door panel.

    11

    Plug the window and lock switches into the body harness, and snap the window switch bezel back into the door panel. Reinstall the sail panel by snapping it back into place. Clean the new window glass with a cotton rag and automotive window cleaner.

Rabu, 29 Mei 2013

How to Remove a Rubber Gasket Windshield

The more often a vehicle is used, the greater the likelihood of the windshield becoming chipped from road debris. Windshield chips, if left unattended, can eventually become cracks, which can greatly reduce the safety features of windshields. In addition, operating a motor vehicle on a public surface with a cracked windshield is illegal. Even if the windshield is free from cracks, time can erode the rubber gasket surface which surrounds the windshield, causing water to leak into the interior of the vehicle.

Instructions

    1

    Remove the trim molding which surrounds the exterior of the windshield, if your car is so equipped. Use a windshield-molding tool, available at most auto parts stores, to remove the molding. The tool slides between the rubber gasket and the molding and will remove the molding when the tool is pushed into it.

    2

    Remove the windshield-wiper blades and arms with a removal tool if the vehicle's wiper blades rest on the face of the windshield when not in use. The removal tool is available at auto supply stores. The tool has a fork at the tip which slides under the windshield-wiper arms and is used to pry them free.

    3

    Cut the entire rubber gasket with a razor blade along the length of the gasket which surrounds the outside of the windshield. When the gasket has been cut, you will be able to see the edges of the windshield.

    4

    Push the windshield towards the front of the vehicle from inside the vehicle. The windshield will free itself and can then be lifted away.

How to Repair Cracked Windshield

How to Repair Cracked Windshield

Small stones, sticks, plastic and other road debris can cause damage to the windshield of a car. Chips and cracks can be sealed and repaired without having to replace the entire windshield, saving the vehicle owner hundreds of dollars. Windshield repair at home requires approximately one hour.

Instructions

    1

    Clean the windshield with a rag and glass cleaner. Make sure loose glass chips and dirt particles are removed from the crack.

    2

    Place the suction cup that comes with a repair kit on the end of the resin-filled syringe. Secure the suction cup over the crack in the windshield.

    3

    Depress the syringe's plunger. Pull it slowly back up to remove air from the crack. Slowly depress the plunger again, pushing the resin into the crack. Depress the plunger at least 10 more times. Keep the syringe attached to the windshield. Let the resin cure for 30 minutes after each depression of the syringe's plunger.

    4

    Remove the suction cup and syringe from the windshield. Scrape excess resin from around the crack with a razor blade. Do not scrape the resin in the crack itself.

    5

    Clean the area with glass cleaner, and wipe it down with a clean, cloth rag.

Selasa, 28 Mei 2013

How Do I Change a Brake Pad on a 1999 Ford Mustang?

How Do I Change a Brake Pad on a 1999 Ford Mustang?

Considering what repair shops typically charge for labor and parts, the average weekend mechanic may want to tackle the job of replacing the brake pads himself on his 1999 Ford Mustang. Replacing the brake pads may seem like a tough task. Once it is broken down into steps, the process is relatively easy and requires just a few tools available at any auto parts retailer.

Instructions

    1

    Jack up the vehicle and secure it on jack stands.

    2

    Loosen and remove the lug nuts using a ratchet and socket. Remove the wheels from the vehicle.

    3

    Loosen and remove the two slide pin bolts on the rear of the brake caliper with a ratchet and socket.

    4

    Pry the caliper off of the rotor using a flat head screwdriver. Hang the caliper from a fixed component near the brakes using a bungee strap.

    5

    Pull the brake pads from the caliper bracket. Place the new brake pads into the bracket in the same position as the old pads.

    6

    Depress the brake caliper piston with the C-clamp. Do not press directly on the piston; place one of the old brake pads over the piston and press on that to protect it from damage.

    7

    Slide the caliper over the new brake pads and position the caliper slide pins into the brake caliper. Tighten the pins using the ratchet and socket.

    8

    Repeat Steps 3 through 7 to replace any additional brake pads.

    9

    Reinstall the wheels onto the vehicle and hand-tighten the lug nuts.

    10

    Lower the vehicle to the ground and use a torque wrench and socket to tighten the lug nuts to 80 foot-pounds of torque.

    11

    Press the brake pedal several times until firm then test-drive the vehicle.

How to Change the Windshield in an Austin Healey

How to Change the Windshield in an Austin Healey

Ensuring full visibility from your windshield is important when you take your Austin Healey on the road. With all classic cars, you must make sure that the vehicle is properly maintained on a regular basis to ensure best performance. If your windshield becomes damaged in any way, you should change it as soon as possible.

Instructions

    1

    Place a dust cloth over the hood of your Healey. This will help protect the paint when you remove and install the windshield.

    2

    Locate the two mounting screws which are attached to the rear-view wing mirror. Remove one of the screws with a Phillips screwdriver. Slide the wing mirror off of its base. Repeat the process on the second wing mirror. This will give you best access to the windshield.

    3

    Cut away the rubber trim from around the edges of the windshield with a sharp blade. Discard the trim correctly in the trash. Enter the vehicle and press the windshield out of the frame. Have someone outside the vehicle help take the weight of the windshield.

    4

    Apply a layer of sealant around the edges of the new windshield. Attach a new rubber gasket to the bottom of the windshield. Make sure that the heavy part of the gasket is on the inside of the windshield and that the slit is on the outside. Tie a nylon cord around the outer groove of the windshield.

    5

    Lift the windshield in to place on the Healey's frame. Press the windshield against the frame for a few minutes to allow the seal to set in place. Enter the vehicle and pull the nylon cord across the dash. This will allow the lower rubber lip to set in place. Reattach the wing mirrors by attaching the screw back onto its base. Thoroughly clean the windshield and the dash to help prevent any dust or debris from getting into the vents or electrical components.

How to Replace Rear Disc Brakes in a Ford Mustang

Replacing the rear disc brakes on a Ford Mustang requires a special tool, Rear Caliper Piston Adjuster 206-026, to seat the piston. Purchase this tool at your Ford dealership in the parts department. With this special tool and these instructions, you are ready to replace the rear disc brakes in your Mustang.

Instructions

    1

    Siphon half of the brake fluid from the master cylinder reservoir and put it in an approved container. Take the brake fluid to your local auto parts store for proper disposal.

    2

    Raise the vehicle off the ground using a car jack. Loosen the lug nuts with a torque wrench and remove the wheels.

    3

    Disconnect the rear disc brake caliper and hang it from the body of the Mustang with wire. Take out the inner and outer rear disc brake pads along with the spring clips.

    4

    Seat the piston by rotating it clockwise using the Rear Caliper Piston Adjuster 206-026. Replace the disc brake pads and spring clips with the new ones.

    5

    Line up the notch in the caliper piston with the alignment pin on the brake pad. Mount the rear disc brake caliper and use the torque wrench to tighten it to 24 ft. lb.

    6

    Replace the wheels and lower the Mustang to the ground. Position the new rear disc brake pads by pumping the brake pedal rapidly. Refill the master cylinder reservoir with clean brake fluid.

How to Remove the Rear Drum Brakes From a 1994 Ford Ranger

How to Remove the Rear Drum Brakes From a 1994 Ford Ranger

Servicing drum brakes can be tricky. Removing "stuck" drums can be difficult. Keeping track of all the springs and clips seems intimidating. Have on hand the specialty tools described below to make the job go smoothly. Stabilize the vehicle on jack stands and block the front wheels so the vehicle does not roll. Wear safety glasses and a good pair of mechanics or work gloves.

Instructions

Drum Removal

    1

    Remove the rear tires and set aside. Ensure that the emergency brake is released, and the drum turns freely. Remove the rubber plug on the rear of the backing plate, and turn the adjuster screw using the adjuster screw tool until the screw is as short as it can be. This will ensure that the brake shoes are as far way from the drum as possible. Attempt to slide the drum off the hub. If successful skip to Section 2, if not proceed to Step 2.

    2

    Tap gently with the soft-faced hammer or the brass punch all the way around the drum to free any debris and rust from between the brake shoes and the drum. Attempt again to slide the drum off the hub. Repeat this step a couple of times before moving on. If still unable to remove the drum, proceed to Step 3.

    3

    Tap firmly on the drum all the way around where it meets the hub. Salt or chemicals used on the roads in northern areas can cause the drum to corrode to the hub at this point. Try this step several times, striking the drum a little harder each time, attempting to remove the drum between each step. If successful, skip to Section 2. Otherwise, proceed to Step 4.

    4
    Welding Torch
    Welding Torch

    Apply heat gently to the drum surrounding the hub using a propane or welding torch if available. Ensure that there are no flammable liquids or aerosol cans nearby. Apply heat for only a few seconds at a time, and do not overheat the hub, as this can result in bearing and hub damage. Be sure to use gloves to remove the drum, as it may become hot. If the drum still does not come free, seek professional help. Serious damage to the backing plate, the hub and the drum can occur by prying. When the drum is removed, proceed to Section 2.

Brake Shoes

    5

    Remove both drums before proceeding. Remove shoes from one side at a time, so that you have a known good side for reference. Using the brake-spring pliers, carefully remove clips, hold down springs, and return springs until the shoes are free. Set the old shoes aside.

    6

    Thoroughly clean all parts with brake-parts cleaner, removing all brake dust and residue. Inspect wheel cylinders, wheel seals, and brake lines for leaking. Replace any leaking or damaged components.

    7

    Reassemble springs using the other side of the vehicle or a parts diagram as a guide. Leave both drums off until springs are reassembled. Replace old springs and clips with new ones whenever possible. If drums appear worn, have a professional shop inspect and "turn" them for you. This prevents brake pulsation and excessive wear. Test all components once brakes are completely reassembled, and adjust the emergency brake if necessary.

    8
    Brake Lights
    Brake Lights

    Test drive the vehicle and make sure that the brakes are functioning properly. Inspect brake fluid levels, and test short-stop braking to ensure your safety. Ensure brake lights and all components are working properly.

Senin, 27 Mei 2013

How to Paint Brake Calipers

Many automobile owners like the idea of modifying their cars in some way that makes them unique among the thousands of similar cars. However, many of these modifications can be prohibitively expensive. Painting your brake calipers, however, is very affordable. It is easy enough that professional know-how is not required, and it provides a subtle but distinct look to your vehicle.

Instructions

    1

    Select the color of spray paint for your brake calipers. Remember that some types of spray paint are more suited for metal application than others. If you are confused, consult an employee at your hardware store about the effectiveness of the paints and how much paint you will need.

    2

    Loosen the lug nuts holding the tire to the wheel one or two turns. You will need to remove the tire in order to access the brake calipers.

    3

    Raise the vehicle off the ground. Since you will only be painting one brake caliper at a time, a car jack may be used, but it is not recommended. If you do use a car jack, make sure you know how secure it is and exercise caution when placing a hand under the car.

    4

    Unscrew the lug nuts the rest of the way, then remove the tire from the axle. Make sure that the lug nuts are located in a safe area to prevent loss.

    5

    Prepare the brake caliper for painting by scouring it with the wire brush and then by rubbing it with a rag and cleaning solution. How clean the brake caliper is will determine the effectiveness of the paint job.

    6

    Locate the bolts holding the brake caliper to its support. Loosen and remove the bolts using the ratchet.

    7

    Remove the brake caliper from its support and then clean it again, checking for any areas you may have missed the first time.

    8

    Avoid stressing the brake line at all costs. Setting the brake caliper on the rotor is the easiest solution. However, it can prove to be problematic when finally painting the brake caliper. A better solution is to use a coat hanger to suspend the caliper in the wheel well.

    9

    Apply newspaper and masking tape to the area surrounding the brake caliper. While there is no one right method as to how to mask the area, make sure that the adhesive on the masking tape will not affect any areas to which it is stuck.

    10

    Paint the brake caliper using the spray paint in the color of your choice. Allow time for the paint to dry and then spray on a second coat. A third coat of paint is not necessary, but it is recommended.

    11

    Reattach the brake caliper to the support after the paint has dried. Then replace the wheel on the vehicle and lower the vehicle to the ground.

How do I Remove the Brake Drum for a 66 Ford F100?

All 1966 Ford F-100 pickup trucks were equipped with drum brakes. When the brake pedal is depressed, two brake pads expand and press against the inside of a brake drum. Over time, the brake drum becomes damaged from the tremendous pressure. In extreme circumstances, a damage brake drum will also cause the brake pads to wear out prematurely. Brake drums can sometimes be repaired by a process called "turning." If the brake drum is too damaged for repair, it must be replaced. In either event, the existing brake drum must first be removed.

Instructions

    1

    Raise either the front or the back of the truck with a jack, depending on which end of the truck the brake drum will be removed from.

    2

    Place a single jack stand underneath the frame rail on each side of the truck, then lower the truck onto the stands.

    3

    Disengage the parking brake if the brake drum will be removed from the back of the truck.

    4

    Remove the lug nuts which secure the wheel and tire assembly to the tip of the axle shaft with a lug nut wrench.

    5

    Lift the wheel and tire assembly off of the axle shaft to expose the brake drum.

    6

    Pull the brake drum off of the axle shaft.

Minggu, 26 Mei 2013

How to Make Parking Brake Adjustments in a Geo Tracker

Make parking brake adjustments in your Geo Tracker underneath. Save yourself some time and money by making the adjustments at home instead of taking your car to the mechanic. Adjust your parking brakes when your car starts to slip when parked on a slope. Follow different procedures for the different adjustments for your Geo Tracker. Use both of the procedures for all Geo Trackers.

Instructions

Inside Adjustment

    1

    Remove the center console cover around the parking brake lever. Locate the console on the inside of your Geo Tracker between the driver's seat and the front passenger side seat.

    2

    Adjust the adjuster nut, located at the end of the cable sticking out of the back console of the parking brake lever. Use your pliers to turn the adjuster nut.

    3

    Test the parking brake lever by pulling up on the lever until it clicks three to eight notches. Use your pliers to tighten the adjuster nut. Replace the center console cover.

Underneath Adjustment

    4

    Raise your Geo Metro rear wheels using the jack and support the rear wheels with the jack stands.

    5

    Adjust the adjuster nut holding the wire covered cables coming from each rear wheel. Move the adjuster nut with your screwdriver until the cables are tight.

    6

    Lower your Geo Metro using the jack and remove the jack stands from each rear wheel.

How to Remove & Reinstall Front Disk Brakes From a 1995 One Ton Chevy Truck

It is no more difficult to install new brake pads on the front of a Chevy one-ton truck than on any other Chevy truck, but the parts are a little bigger. For the one-ton truck, the procedure will take about 45 minutes to complete each wheel. Inspect the brake rotors when you change the pads to be sure they are in good condition. There is no sense putting good brake pads on bad rotors -- the brakes will not be as effective, and the pads will wear prematurely.

Instructions

    1

    Park the Chevy truck on a level surface, and turn off the engine. Place a set of wheel chocks behind the rear wheels. Pop open the engine compartment, and locate the brake master cylinder at the back of the engine compartment on the driver's side. Siphon 2/3 of the brake fluid from the cylinder using a turkey baster. Place the fluid in the drain pan to recycle later. Raise the truck with an automobile jack. Place a jack stand under the Chevy near the jacking point. Raise it to the frame of the truck. Remove the lug nuts with a lug wrench, and pull the wheel from the truck.

    2

    Place the brake caliper between the jaws of a c-clamp, front to back, and twist the c-clamp handle until the piston seats itself inside the caliper housing. Remove the retaining pins from the brake caliper using a socket and ratchet. Pull the caliper away from the wheel assembly, and remove the brake pads from it.

    3

    Insert new brake pads into the caliper. Place the caliper on the mounting bracket, and tighten the pins with the socket and ratchet. Replace the wheel on the truck. Tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench. Remove the jack stand from under the Chevy. Lower the truck to the ground. Repeat the process on the other wheel.

    4

    Add fluid to the master cylinder as needed after the brake job is complete. Pump the brakes several times until the pedal is firm.

Sabtu, 25 Mei 2013

How to Remove Drums From a Ford Windstar

The Ford Windstar van uses drum brakes on the rear of some models that must be removed in order to access the brake shoes should service or replacement be necessary. The drums do not wear much under normal conditions, but excessive wear can scar or damage the drums, requiring replacement of the entire drum. Replacement drums are available from Ford or through most major auto parts stores.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the rear of your Windstar with a lug wrench or socket and breaker bar. Do not take the lug nuts off the studs yet.

    2

    Position a jack under the van and raise it, lifting the van until the tire is off the ground. Slide a set of jack stands under the rear axle of the van and lower the jack, allowing the van to settle onto the stands.

    3

    Remove the lug nuts, the tire and the wheel from the van. Set them both aside for later.

    4

    Visually check the base of the wheel studs where they come through the brake drum. There may be a retaining clip that is installed in the factory to retain the drum during assembly. Pry the ring off with a flat screwdriver and discard it.

    5

    Pull the drum straight out from the axle until it clears the brake shoes, hub and wheel studs.

How do I Adjust the Rear Brakes on a 2001 Chevrolet Blazer?

How do I Adjust the Rear Brakes on a 2001 Chevrolet Blazer?

The rear drum brakes on the 2001 Chevrolet Blazer can become unadjusted from normal wear and tear. Since they only account for about 25 percent of the braking power for the SUV, it's important to keep the rear brakes adjusted in order to assist the front disk brakes. When the rear brakes become unadjusted, the front brakes take on the brunt of the rear brakes loss of efficiency. This will result in premature wear of the front brakes and can damage front braking components.

Instructions

    1

    Place a wheel wedge in front of one of the front tire treads and another behind one of the rear tire treads on the 2001 Chevrolet Blazer. Place the SUV in neutral and shut the key off (as far as it will allow).

    2

    Remove the rear lug nut caps with the lug wrench on both rear tires.

    3

    Crack the lug nuts loose with the lug wrench by turning them one-quarter turn to the left (counterclockwise).

    4

    Lift one rear quarter of the Blazer with the jack and then place the quarter onto a jack stand placed under the read axle. Repeat the procedure for the other rear quarter of the Blazer.

    5

    Remove the lug nuts and tires.

    6

    Locate the small, black rubber plug located in the bottom of the rear backing plate (behind the drum). Pry off the plug, using the screwdriver if necessary.

    7

    Shine the flashlight into the brake adjustment port to locate the starwheel and the starwheel's holding clip. Get a feel for the position of the clip. It will take two hands to adjust the brakes so holding the flashlight will not be an option.

    8

    Rotate the drum to get a feel for how free-floating it is.

    9

    Insert the screwdriver through the brake adjustment port, locate the holding clip and push it away from the starwheel. Hold the clip in this position while taking the brake adjusting spoon and insert that into the port. Turn the starwheel wheel upward to expand the shoes outward or downward to contract the shoe inward. Check the movement of the drum after every three or four turns of the starwheel. A slight drag on the drum is sufficient for properly adjusted rear brake shoes.

    10

    Replace the plug(s), tires and lug nuts. Tighten the lug nuts snug to the hubs and then lower the Blazer.

    11

    Put the Blazer back into gear and then torque the rear lug nuts in a star pattern to 100 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and socket.

How to Polish Plastic Tail Lights

How to Polish Plastic Tail Lights

Tail lights are important indicators of a car's presence on the road. Road debris and ultraviolet light from the sun can wear down a tail light's surface, making it difficult to see if the tail lights are on. Because tail lights give a visual clue that the car's brakes are being applied, it's important to keep them in excellent condition. Using acrylic buffing compounds to remove scratches will allow the tail lights to be seen clearly.

Instructions

    1
    Tail lights are often made from acrylic, which requires special care.
    Tail lights are often made from acrylic, which requires special care.

    Wash the tail lights with dish detergent and warm water. Use a 100 percent cotton rag to clean the tail lights. Many tail lights are made from acrylic or other softer plastics that can scratch easily. Paper towels are made with a binding agent that holds the towel together, but this binding agent can scratch softer plastics. Avoid traditional glass cleaners on plastic. Glass cleaners contain either alcohol or ammonia, which can cause crazing (micro-cracking) in plastics such as acrylic.

    2

    Run a fingernail along the surface of the tail lights to determine the depth of the scratches. A fingernail will get caught in deeper scratches, which require more work to remove. Scratches that don't catch a fingernail are light scratches that can be easily buffed out. Deep scratches must be removed first.

    3
    Protect the area around the tail light with painter's masking tape.
    Protect the area around the tail light with painter's masking tape.

    Sand any deep scratches out with 1500-grit sandpaper. Sand the area directly around the scratch, rather than just the scratch itself, to avoid creating a noticeable divot. Apply painter's masking tape to any trim around the tail lights to avoid sanding or buffing off any paint or chrome. Wipe off all sanding debris with a 100 percent cotton rag before polishing with a buffing compound. Once all the deep scratches have been removed, go to step 4.

    4

    Apply the buffing compound to the tail lights, one light at a time. The compound contains a mild abrasive that removes layers of plastic as it's rubbed in. Use a 100 percent cotton rag to apply the compound. Buff the entire surface of each tail light--this ensures the buffing out of any scratches that might have been missed during the earlier examination of the tail lights. After all the scratches are buffed out, remove the painter's masking tape. The project is now complete.

How to Replace Ford Focus Front Brakes

How to Replace Ford Focus Front Brakes

Ford Motors first introduced the Focus in 2000. Marketed as a European-style compact car, it gained a reputation as a reliable and versatile vehicle. In keeping with its sporty image, the Focus was supplied with European-engineered front disc brakes. These brakes are generally reliable and dependable, but from time to time problems arise. Focus owners can benefit from learning how to overhaul their own front brakes. Doing the work yourself gives you a better sense of the condition of your car and can save you both time and money.

Instructions

    1

    Park the car on a firm and level surface. Engage the emergency brake. Put automatic transmissions in park and put manual transmissions in first or reverse gear. Loosen the lug nuts a full turn and then jack the car up at the front wheel to be worked on. Support the car on an axle stand. Completely remove the lug nuts and pull the wheel off.

    2

    Remove the rubber caps that cover the heads of the caliper slide bolts. Remove the caliper slide bolts. Remove the caliper from the disc. If the brake pads catch on the outside of the disc, firmly grasp the caliper and rock it back and forth a few times to force the brake pads far enough apart to remove them. Take care not to stretch or damage the rubber brake hose. Hang the caliper out of the way using a wire hook or piece of cord.

    3

    Pry the outside brake pad wire retaining clip off the front of the caliper with a screwdriver. Take care not to remove the clip from the brake pad. Slide the outside pad out of the caliper. Slide the inside pad out of the caliper.

    4

    Use a brake pad spreading tool to push the brake piston back into the cylinder. Place the metal plate of the tool against the inner surface of the outside of the caliper, then place the spindle swivel against the brake piston. Turn the spindle to push the piston back into the cylinder. Alternatively, hook a large C-clamp over the back of the caliper and tighten it against the piston to push it back into the cylinder. Be careful not to damage the piston seal.

    5

    Pull the disc straight off the hub. If the disc is stuck, firmly tap the center part of the disc with a hammer or mallet to loosen it. Take care not to hit the outer rim of the disc or the braking surface area.

    6

    Measure the thickness of the brake pad linings. If the remaining lining thickness is less than 0.060 inches, or if the linings are damaged or have worn unevenly, replace the pads.

    7

    Follow the steps in the reverse order to reassemble the brake. Before reinstalling the caliper guide bolts, clean them thoroughly with brake cleaning fluid and lubricate them well with brake grease.

How do I Replace the Windshield in a 1996 Accord?

How do I Replace the Windshield in a 1996 Accord?

Honda introduced quality mid-size vehicles in 1976. In the mid-1990s, the Accord was considered among the most reliable vehicles on the road. By 1996, it was one of Japan's best selling cars. The 1996 Honda Accord is known for its compactness and its safe and reliable features that require little maintenance. Because there is nothing complicated about the Accord, replacing any parts, such as a damaged windshield, can be corrected with a few do-it-yourself tools. If the windshield is damaged beyond repair, contact a Honda manufacturer for replacement glass.

Instructions

    1

    Contact a Honda manufacturer in your area to order a replacement windshield that fits the 1996 Accord vehicle specifications.

    2

    Put on safety glasses and utility gloves before handling hazardous glass and chemicals.

    3

    Cut the window's inside molding adhesive with a windshield knife. Make the cut at a slow and steady pace around the perimeter of the adhesive.

    4

    From inside the vehicle, place pressure on the windshield. Slowly, push on the glass with both hands to dislodge it from its seal. Ask an assistant to stand on the outside of the Accord so he can catch the glass as it falls from the seal.

    5

    Clean the threshold with mild soap; wipe away any sticky adhesive residue left from the weather stripping before replacing it with new glass.

    6

    Add urethane caulk to a caulk gun as directed on product label. From inside the Accord, bead a thick layer of urethane caulk on the inside of the windshield frame. Once again, have an assistant help set the windshield inside the threshold. Place your body weight pressure on the replacement glass for a few moments to allow the caulk to create an airtight seal.

    7

    Let the urethane caulk set for 24 to 48 hours.

Convertible Mustang Window Repair

A damaged window in a Mustang convertible can cause added problems for the owner as it can put your vehicle at risk of further damage or even theft. A broken window can also potentially damage your soft top or stop it from working correctly. To avoid this, you should repair the window by removing it from the Mustang in order to replace it. You can purchase a replacement window with the correct specifications for your Mustang from your local auto store.

Instructions

    1

    Open the door of your Mustang that contains the damaged window. Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to remove the screws that keep the door handle trim and the door handle itself in place. Pull them both away from the door.

    2

    Remove the screws around the inner side of the door that keep the door panel in place and carefully lift the door panel away from the door. Place this in a secure area as you will need to reattach it later.

    3

    Use a hex wrench to remove the hex bolts that connect the window to the window regulator.

    4

    Lift the damaged window from the door frame. If the window is broken, take care not to cut your hands on any of the broken pieces of glass.

    5

    Insert a new window pane into the door frame. Line up the glass with the window regulator. Secure them together by tightening the hex bolts in place. Reattach the door assembly by following the removal steps in reverse.

Jumat, 24 Mei 2013

How to Change a Car Window

How to Change a Car Window

A car window has two main components: the window glass itself and a regulator, which works with the hand crank or power motor to control its up and down movement. Changing a window can involve replacing the glass if it is cracked or broken, or the regulator, if the window won't roll down properly. The exact method of changing a window can differ, depending on the model and year of the vehicle.

Instructions

Window Removal

    1

    Detach the window controls from the car door's inner trim panel. For a manual handle, use a hooked tool or rub a towel behind the handle to loosen its clip. For power controls, pry the controls off with a trim stick and disconnect the electrical connector.

    2

    Remove the inner trim panel by removing all its screws with a screwdriver, prying it off the clips along the edges with the trim stick and lifting it off.

    3

    Peel away the plastic water shield that blocks access to the inner door.

    4

    Roll the window down, so that the mounting bolts for the window glass and regulator are accessible through the holes in the door. You might need to reconnect the controls to do this.

    5

    Disconnect the window glass from the door by using a wrench on its bolts, them tilt and lift the glass out of the opening in the top of the door. On some vehicles you'll remove the bolts, while on others you can only loosen them.

    6

    Remove the window regulator if it needs replacing--remove its mounting bolts, then collapse the regulator by hand and remove it through the access hole in the door. You might also need to disconnect an electrical connector to the motor, if present.

Window Installation

    7

    Install the window regulator, if needed, by inserting it into the door through the hole, bolting it in place and connecting the motor.

    8

    Slide the replacement glass down into the door until it is in place within the regulator, then secure it with its bolts.

    9

    Stick the water shield back onto the door and reconnect the trim panel with its clips and screws, including the window controls.

How to Take a Window Motor Out of a 1987 Chevrolet

The power window motor in a 1987 Chevrolet controls the rolling up and down of the window. When the motor goes out, the window can no longer be rolled up or down, This typically happens on the driver's side of the vehicle, because of its frequent use. If you want to regain use of the window, you'll have to replace the motor; but first, you have to remove the malfanctioning motor. In this case, the project vehicle is a 1987 Chevrolet Silverado pickup, but the process is similar for other 1987 Chevrolets, as well.

Instructions

    1

    Open the door of the car. Remove the screws that secure the door panel to the door, using the Phillips-head screwdriver. Remove the door lock knob by turning it counter-clockwise. Pull the door panel off the door and unplug the wiring to the power window switch.

    2

    Roll or push the window up to its highest position. Tape the window to the upper door frame, using the fabric tape.

    3

    Unbolt the power window regulator from the door panel, using the 3/8-inch ratchet and socket. Unplug the wiring harness from the power window regulator. Slide the window regulator assembly towards the door latch until it pops off the glides. Tilt the regulator and pull it out of the large hole in the door.

How to Repair a Nick in the Windshield

How to Repair a Nick in the Windshield

Your car's windshield was built to withstand intense pressure and force. However, like any other glass material, it can crack and nick easily if flying objects hit it at high speeds. So, you will need to repair the nick before it grows larger and extends across the windshield surface. Using a simple liquid resin application is one of the best repair methods.

Instructions

    1

    Clean the entire window with warm water and mild soap. Rinse it off with water and then allow it to air dry and use a dry cloth if necessary.

    2

    Soak the corner of a cloth with the denatured alcohol and apply it to the nicked area to remove any build-up.

    3

    Fill the syringe with resin by pushing the syringe rubber end forward all the way, placing the tip into the resin bottle, and drawing back on the rubber end until the syringe is full.

    4

    Apply a small amount of resin to the nicked area and allow it to dry for an hour or so.

    5

    Scrape the excess resin off of the surface with the edge of the razor blade. Be careful not to cut yourself.

Kamis, 23 Mei 2013

How to Restore Boat Windscreens

How to Restore Boat Windscreens

Many boats have windscreens, commonly called windshields, that protect the pilot and passengers from bow spray and wind buffeting. Subjected to the elements, like UV light, oxidation, salt and other contaminants, windscreens can turn a faded yellow and acquire minute scratches and stains. Plexiglas and vinyl are common materials used in boat windscreens and require a patient process of cleaning and polishing.

Instructions

    1

    Transport the boat to a convenient work location that has a water source. Soak the windscreen with fresh water for at least 5 minutes to loosen grime. Mix a solution of mild dish washing liquid and warm water in a bucket. Use a fine bristle brush and soap solution to clean the windscreen on both sides. In the case of an interior window inside a cabin, use a sponge and dish washing soap and then rinse with a wet terrycloth towel. Dry the window surfaces with a clean terrycloth towel.

    2

    Apply some plastic cleaner to a microfiber towel. Clean along all the edges of the windscreen on both sides, by hand. Use a finger to get in the corners and hard-to-reach areas where the circular polishing pad will miss. Clean to a distance about 1 inch from the edges and corners. Wipe the residue off with a terrycloth towel.

    3

    Apply some plastic cleaner to a microfiber towel. Use circular motions, by hand, to clean 1by-1-foot test sections of the inside and outside windscreen. The plastic cleaner will enter and lift dirt, oil and salts from the micro-cracks in the Plexiglas or vinyl. Spend more time cleaning the outside window, since it will have the most accumulation on it. Wipe all residue away with a clean terrycloth towel.

    4

    Apply some plastic polish to a microfiber towel. Clean the same areas by hand that you did with the cleaner. Rub back and forth along the edges, using a finger or two. Be sure to reach into the corners with your fingertips and use the corner of the towel. Clean both sides of the windscreen in this fashion and wipe away all residue with a terrycloth towel.

    5

    Apply a liberal amount of plastic polish to a foam backing pad, attached to an air drill. Turn on the drill and run the pad evenly back and forth and up and down over a 1-by-1-foot section of the windscreen. Use gentle strokes without applying heavy pressure.

    6

    Run the polishing pad as close to the edges of the windscreen as possible, overlapping the area you cleaned and polished by hand. Wipe away all residue with a clean terrycloth towel, including any splatter on the frames or interior wood surfaces. Check again for clarity.

How to Replace 2001 Ford F-150 Brake Pads

How to Replace 2001 Ford F-150 Brake Pads

The 2001 Ford F-150 ushered in Ford's 23rd consecutive year of the best-selling full-sized pickup in the United States. The brakes are all-around disc brakes, which are easy to replace. You should replace the brake pads every three to six months, depending on the quality of the brakes you purchased. Some indicators that the brakes are going bad are a squealing or grinding sound as you drive that gets worse when you use the brakes, or if the brakes "grab" or stop abruptly when you use them.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts with a tire iron 1 rotations counterclockwise. Place some wood blocks in front of the tires you are not removing.

    2

    Raise the Ford with a floor jack so the truck is high enough for the wheels to come off. Place jack stands underneath the support struts that run along the underside edge of the truck.

    3

    Remove the lug nuts and lift off the tires.

    4

    Unbolt the brake caliper mounting bracket, using a socket set. There are only two bolts. After removal, tie the bracket to the undercarriage with twine to prevent strain on the brake line.

    5

    Remove the brake pads by hand. They should easily slip out.

    6

    Place a C-clamp on the caliper to compress the caliper. The caliper is the cylinder in the center of the mounting bracket. Continue compressing until the caliper is flush with the mounting bracket.

    7

    Install the new brake pads. Make sure that the brake material on each pad is facing inward, toward the rotor.

    8

    Reattach the mounting bracket using its bolts. Put the tire and the lug nuts back on. Lower the truck and tighten the lug nuts.

1996 Cadillac DeVille Front Brake Hose Removal

1996 Cadillac DeVille Front Brake Hose Removal

The reinforced rubber high-pressure brake hoses on the front of your 1996 Cadillac DeVille can dry rot or wear out over time, reducing the efficiency of the DeVille's brake system. If one of these hoses wears too much or develops a leak through a crack caused by dry rot, the hose may fail when you step on the brakes and cause the entire system to lose pressure. Remove and replace worn brakes lines as soon as you discover them to avoid a failure of your 1996 DeVille's braking system.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the wheel studs of the wheel whose brake line you will be replacing, using a lug wrench. Do not remove them yet.

    2

    Raise the front of the DeVille off the ground using a jack, then position a set of jack stands under the frame to support the DeVille. Remove the jack, then remove the lug nuts from the wheel studs and remove the wheel from the car.

    3

    Locate the rubber high-pressure brake line on the back of the brake caliper. Position a drain pan under the brake caliper to catch any brake fluid that runs out of the line when you open it. Remove the bolt that secures the hose to the brake caliper with a socket and ratchet, then remove the hose end from the caliper.

    4

    Follow the hose up until you find the bracket at about the halfway point on the hose. Remove the bolt that secures this support bracket to the strut on the car, using a socket and ratchet. Follow the hose the rest of the way up until you find the fitting where the hose meets a steel line.

    5

    Loosen the fitting where the steel line screws into the fitting on the rubber line, using a wrench. Do not remove it yet.

    6

    Insert a small pry bar between the brass fitting on the rubber hose and the tab on the lock clip located on the top of the bracket. Push the clip outward until it disengages the fitting on the rubber hose. Set the clip aside for now.

    7

    Unscrew the fitting on the steel line from the brass fitting on the rubber hose, and remove the rubber line by pulling it down and out of the bracket. The steel line may drip brake fluid, so place a second drain pan under it once you separate the lines.

Rabu, 22 Mei 2013

How to Remove a 1967 Mustang Door Window

How to Remove a 1967 Mustang Door Window

Removing the door glass from a 1967 Mustang may seem like a perplexing task, particularly since there seems to be nothing holding the glass in place. Behind the door panel, however, are two metal window stops, which cause the window to be rolled up only so far. When you remove the door stops, the window will be freed; but because the front of the window curves into the vent window, you must loosen the vent window and tilt it to the side. Fortunately, removing the door glass is surprisingly simple and will take about 20 minutes.

Instructions

    1

    Remove the six screws that secure the rectangular weatherstripping piece to the top of the door jamb, using a flat-head screwdriver, then pull the weatherstripping piece off the door.

    2

    Remove the two bolts that secure the armrest to the interior side of the door, using a socket wrench, then pull the armrest off the door.

    3

    Remove the single screw in the center of the window regular handle and in the center of the interior door handle, using a Phillips screwdriver. Pull the handles off the door.

    4

    Pry the door panel off the door, using the flat-head screwdriver.

    5

    Position the window regulator handle back onto its gear on the interior side of the door. It is not necessary to install the handle's retaining screw.

    6

    Roll the window halfway down.

    7

    Remove the rear window stop. Two window stops are located at the base of the window. The side of the window closest to the back of the car contains the rear stop, while the side of the window closest to the front of the Mustang is the front stop. Reach through the door panel opening and hold the rear window stop. Insert a deep socket through the access hole at the back of the interior side of the door, then remove the bolt holding the rear stop in place. Pull the window stop out of the door.

    8

    Remove the front window stop. Reach through the door panel opening and hold the front window stop. Insert a deep socket through the access hole at the front of the interior side of the door, then remove the bolt holding the front stop in place. Pull the window stop out of the door.

    9

    Loosen the three bolts that secure the vent window, using a wrench. Two bolts are at the front of the vent window, while the third bolt is at the bottom of the long metal arm protruding from the back of the vent window down the length of the door.

    10

    Tilt the vent window toward the front of the Mustang, then roll the window up until the metal base of the window is exposed. Grasp each end of the top of the window, then pull the window out of the door. If desired, you can then remove the vent window by twisting out its three retaining bolts with a wrench and pulling the vent window out of the door.

How to Install a 280Z Stainless Steel Brake Line

It is not difficult to replace a brake line on a Datsun 280Z. The task requires little time and you may save the cost of labor if you do the job yourself. The most difficult part of the procedure is crawling under the 280Z. To obtain the right replacement line, you may match the existing line to prepared brake lines readily available at an auto parts store, or you may customize a section of line, bending and flaring it as necessary to fit your purpose.

Instructions

    1

    Open the 280Z engine compartment and prop the hood. Remove the cover from the master brake cylinder. Drain the brake fluid from the master cylinder using the turkey baster. Place the brake fluid in the drain pan for recycling.

    2

    Raise the 280Z using the automobile jack on the side of the car where you will be working. Place a jack stand under the car near the jacking point. Raise the jack stand to the frame. Remove the wheel using a lug wrench to remove the lug nuts.

    3

    Locate the fittings on which you need to install the brake line. If there is an existing line, clean the fittings thoroughly with the wire brush and then loosen them with a wrench. Remove the existing brake line and put the new one in its place.

    4

    Tighten the fittings on each end of the new brake line with a wrench. Replace the wheel on the 280Z and tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench. Remove the jack stand from under the car. Lower the 280Z to the ground.

    5

    Refill the master cylinder with fresh brake fluid. Bleed the brake lines by having a helper pump and hold the brake pedal as you open the bleeder valve at the wheel with a wrench to expel the air from the lines. Continue this procedure until all the air is gone.

How to Replace an Alternator on a 2000 Chevy Blazer

How to Replace an Alternator on a 2000 Chevy Blazer

The alternator on the 2000 Chevy Blazer is the main source for the vehicle's charging system. The alternator regulates the voltage to the battery and controls all of the electrical components on the Blazer. The serpentine belt, which is run by the crankshaft pulley, controls the alternator itself. Every time the crankshaft pulley turns, the alternator pulley also turns.

Instructions

    1

    Pull the 2000 Chevy Blazer into a safe working area and shut off the engine. Open the hood and locate the battery on the driver side front of the engine.

    2

    Remove the negative battery cable from the battery with the adjustable wrench. Turn the negative battery cable bolt counterclockwise to loosen and remove the cable.

    3

    Locate the serpentine belt tensioner directly below the alternator. The tensioner has a pulley on one end that releases the tension from the serpentine belt so that you can remove the belt from the alternator pulley.

    4

    Release the tension from the serpentine belt tensioner by turning the bolt head in the center of the tensioner counterclockwise with the 3/8 inch drive ratchet and a socket.

    5

    Remove the belt from the alternator pulley with your other hand while you release the tension off of the belt.

    6

    Unplug the electrical wiring harness that plugged in to the rear of the alternator. Unscrew the positive battery connection on the rear of the alternator with the 3/8 inch drive ratchet and a socket.

    7

    Locate the three bolts connecting the alternator to the alternator bracket. There are two bolts on the front of the alternator and one bolt in the rear of the alternator. Use the 3/8 inch drive ratchet and a socket to turn these three bolts counterclockwise to loosen and remove the bolts.

    8

    Slide the pry bar between the alternator and the bottom of the alternator bracket. Pry the alternator upward until the alternator comes out of the bracket. Remove the alternator from the engine compartment.

    9

    Slide the new alternator into the bracket and match the three bolt holes up. Screw the two front bolts and the rear bolt back into the alternator. Tighten the bolts down tight with the 3/8 inch drive ratchet and socket.

    10

    Slide the positive battery connection back on the rear of the alternator. Screw the nut over the connection and tighten the positive battery connection with the 3/8 inch drive ratchet and socket.

    11

    Plug the electrical wiring connector back into the rear of the alternator by pushing the connector into the socket on the back of the alternator.

    12

    Turn the belt tensioner counterclockwise again and slide the belt back over the alternator pulley. Release the tensioner so that the belt will tighten onto the alternator pulley.

    13

    Screw the negative battery cable back on the battery and tighten down with the adjustable wrench.

    14

    Crank the engine and let the engine run for about five minutes so that the new alternator can completely charge the system. Turn the engine off.

Selasa, 21 Mei 2013

How to Replace Mazda MPV Brake Rotors

It is always recommended to replace the brake pads when replacing the brake rotors on a Mazda MPV, however, it is not required. The surface of new brake pads "seated" against the surface of a new rotor, establishes a better relationship between the friction material of the pads and the rotors. However, if the brake pads were recently replaced and you're still experiencing some symptoms from the front brakes, replacing the rotors will most likely solve the problem.

Instructions

    1

    Put on the safety glasses. Use the car lift to lift the Mazda MPV to waist level. Remove the hub caps.

    2

    Remove the lug nuts from both front wheels with an impact gun and a 21mm socket. Remove the wheels.

    3

    Remove the two caliper slide bolts with a 17mm box end wrench if replacing the brake pads in addition to the rotors. If not, remove the two caliper anchor bolts to remove the caliper as an assembly (with pads intact to the anchor) with the impact gun and a 21mm socket.

    4

    Pry the caliper (or caliper assembly) off of the rotor with the screwdriver. Support the caliper to the coil spring using a metal coat hanger (bend it in the shape of a hook) or a metal hook so it does not hang from the brake hose. If you're replacing the pads, you can now remove the two caliper anchor bolts, remove the pads, and set the anchor aside. Compress the piston of the caliper (with pads in or out) using a large set of channel locks to squeeze the piston slowly into the caliper piston bore.

    5

    Inspect the front of the rotor hub face for retaining screws. Certain year MPVs may have a rotor retaining screw holding the rotor in place to the hub. If present, remove the retaining screws with an impact screwdriver (using a large Phillips head bit) and a hammer.

    6

    Remove the rotor.

    7

    Clean the rust prevention residue from the surface of the new rotor by placing it in a parts cleaner or spraying it with a brake clean solvent spray.

    8

    Replace the rotor onto the hub of the MPV and replace the retaining screws (if applicable).

    9

    If replacing the brake pads, clean the pad contact points of the caliper anchor with a wire brush. Clean the brake dust, rust and corrosion from the points and then apply a light coat of brake lubricant to them. This will help the pads to slide along the contact points of the anchor when compressed by the caliper piston. Replace the anchor and tighten the bolts. Insert the pads into the anchor. Place the caliper over the pads and rotor and tighten the slide bolts with a ratchet and socket. Do not use the impact gun on the slide bolts or you can strip the threads on them. If you're not replacing the pads, replace the caliper assembly and the two anchor bolts. Tighten the bolts using the impact gun and a 21mm socket.

    10

    Replace the wheel and lug nuts. Tighten the lug nuts alternately using the impact gun and a 21mm 80 foot pound torque stick. Replace the hub cap.

    11

    Repeat steps 2 to 10 for the other side.

    12

    Lower the MPV and pump the foot brake pedal to seat the pads to the rotors and restore the compressed caliper pistons. Check the master cylinder brake fluid level and adjust if necessary after you've pumped the brakes.

How to Replace Rear Disc Brakes in a Ford Explorer

Unlike many vehicles, replacing the rear disc brakes in a Ford Explorer doesn't require any special tools to compress the piston. The only tools necessary are a torque wrench and an 8-inch C-clamp. Read further to learn how to replace your rear disc brakes to avoid hefty labor fees at the shop.

Instructions

    1

    Siphon approximately 2/3 of the brake fluid from the master cylinder reservoir to prevent overflow when compressing the piston into the bore. Empty the brake fluid into an approved, sealed container and discard of properly.

    2

    Lift the rear of the Explorer from the ground using a car jack. Use jack stands to support the vehicle on all sides in order to prevent tipping. Loosen the lug nuts with a torque wrench and remove the rear wheels.

    3

    Disconnect the brake caliper without removing the brake hose. Position the caliper to the side using mechanics wire. Take out the inboard and outboard brake pads from the caliper.

    4

    Compress the piston into the bore with an 8-inch C-clamp. Use a block of wood or something similar to place under the C-clamp and push against the piston.

    5

    Install the inboard brake pad, and then insert the retainer spring into the caliper piston. Begin with one end of the outboard brake pad on the caliper and turn it downward until the lugs and spring seat fully.

    6

    Replace the shoe slippers on the rear wheel disc brake adapter, and then reposition the caliper. Replace the wheels on the Explorer and lower it to the ground. Pump the brakes to seat the pads.

Senin, 20 Mei 2013

How to Replace Brakes on a Dodge Durango

How to Replace Brakes on a Dodge Durango

The brakes on the Dodge Durango truck need replacing every 60,000 miles. They may need replacing sooner depending on how hard you use them. Whether you're changing the brake pads on the front or the rear of the truck, you need to replace them on both sides together. You should still work on one brake assembly at a time to avoid missing an important step in the process.

Instructions

Removing Old Pads

    1

    Raise the end of the truck that you're changing the brakes on and remove both the wheels--it will help to loosen the lug nuts with the wrench before raising the truck and support it on jack stands afterward. Remove the cap on the brake master cylinder from within the engine compartment.

    2

    Compress the piston on the brake caliper using a C-clamp. Compress the piston slowly and keep an eye on the fluid in the reservoir. Have a turkey baster ready to siphon fluid out of the reservoir to keep it from overflowing.

    3

    Remove the caliper from its mounting bracket by removing its bolts--this should require a ratchet wrench on most Durango models. Tie the caliper to the control arm with a strong piece of wire so it won't hang by the brake hose.

    4

    Pull the brake pads out of the caliper bracket along with the anti-rattle clips that are along the edge of the bracket. Lubricate the clips with multi-purpose grease and install them back into the bracket.

Installing New Pads

    5

    Insert both of the new pads into the bracket, starting with the inner pad, and make sure they are fully seated. Place the caliper back in position within the bracket.

    6

    Take the bushings out of the caliper, inspect them for wear or corrosion and replace them if needed.

    7

    Lubricate the bushings with high-temperature grease and install them and the mounting bolts back on the caliper. Tighten the bolts to 24 foot pounds on the front calipers and 130 foot pounds on the rear ones (these specifications may differ on older models).

    8

    Connect both wheels back onto the truck and lower it once you've replaced the brakes on both sides.

    9

    Seat the brakes by repeatedly pressing the pedal.

How to Replace Floating Caliper Brake Pads

You've realized you need to replace your brake pads. Although it sounds frightening, an auto store can help make sure you have the correct brake pads for your car.

Instructions

Reaching the Caliper Brake Pads

    1

    Jack up your car using a hydraulic floor jack. Place jack stands under your A-frame. Position the jack stands correctly to prevent injury from the car falling. Put chocks behind the wheels to prevent them from rolling off the jack stands. Take off your tire and wheel assembly using the correct sized lug wrench.

    2

    Remove the caliper from the steering knuckle without disconnecting your brake hose. A torque wrench may be needed to remove the bolts. Support the caliper with a wire coat hanger.

    3

    Push in the outside edge of the outboard pad to remove it. This releases the mounting dowel from the hole in the caliper. Press on the other side to remove the other dowel. Push the pad out of the bottom of the caliper.

    4

    Pull out the inboard pad.

Install New Pads

    5

    Line up the inboard pad so the spring clip on the back lines up with the hole/space in the caliper piston and locks into it.

    6

    Install the outboard pad over the caliper end. This forces the mounting dowels to snap into the holes in the caliper to hold the outer brake in place.

    7

    Place the caliper over the rotor back onto the steering knuckle. Replace the mounting bolts and sleeves into the holes. Torque the bolts to the specified amount for your car.

    8

    Replace the tire and wheel using your lug wrench.

    9

    Pump the brake six to seven times to seat the pads against the rotor. The brake pedal should feel firm when the pads are seated.

    10

    Check the master cylinder fluid level and add brake fluid if necessary.

How to Repair Windshield Dings

How to Repair Windshield Dings

At some point, most people have had a ding in the windshield of their car. Whether from a rock, hail or other debris, a windshield ding needs to be repaired so that it does not expand into a larger hole. Windshield repair work can be quite expensive if a professional is hired, and many insurance companies do not cover windshield repair. The good news is that you can fix a windshield ding yourself without spending a lot of money. There are a variety of types of windshield repair kits on the market. One of the most-common types uses a syringe and adhesive.

Instructions

    1

    Purchase a windshield repair kit to fix the windshield ding. You can purchase these kits at most auto parts and supply stores.

    2

    Clean the windshield thoroughly with glass cleaner and paper towels to remove any dirt and debris. Dry the windshield. The windshield should also be around room temperature or higher. The car may need to sit inside of a garage to get the windshield to an acceptable temperature.

    3

    Remove the adhesive strip from the windshield repair kit. Peel off the film backing on one side of the adhesive. The adhesive is already pre-cut.

    4

    Center the pre-cut adhesive over the ding in the windshield. Use your thumbnail or small blunt object to rub over the adhesive several times. Peel off the top film.

    5

    Adjust the enclosed plastic adapter so that the fitting is as upright as possible and stick it to the film. Rub the adhesive again with a blunt object or your fingernail.

    6

    Remove the cap from the enclosed syringe, holding it with the pointed end. Fasten the syringe to the plastic adapter.

    7

    Hold the body of the syringe with one hand so that it is stable. Extend the syringe handle as far as it will allow by pulling it up. Keep the handle in this position for one minute. The adhesive will make its way down through the ding and into the glass.

    8

    Push the syringe handle back down quickly after one full minute has expired. The pressure from releasing it quickly will force the adhesive down into the crack. Repeat this about six times, pulling the syringe handle up and slamming it down quickly.

    9

    Take away the syringe, as well as the adapter and adhesive sheet. You will notice a film on the glass from the adhesive. Dampen a paper towel with rubbing alcohol to remove the adhesive only from around the ding. Avoid putting alcohol onto the ding itself. Shave off any protruding adhesive from the ding with a razor blade.

How to Uninstall the Left Front Window Regulator Motor on a 1988 Honda Accord

Honda introduced the Accord in 1976. The 1988 Accord was equipped with a 2.0-liter, in-line, 4-cylinder engine that was either carbureted or fuel injected, and it was offered with a number of transmission options. The window regulator motor on the 1988 Accord is located inside the door frame, behind the inner door panel. Removing the regulator motor requires disassembling some interior body parts. Window regulator motors usually need to be removed when they have gone bad and need to be replaced.

Instructions

    1

    Open the driver's door of the Accord. Remove the door switch panel from the door, using a flat-head screwdriver to pry the front of the switch panel out of the door. Remove the switch panel from the inner door panel by hand, but do not remove the electrical connectors from the rear of the switch panel.

    2

    Remove the four mounting screws at the bottom of the door panel, the center-mounted screw in the door puller handle and the door opener handle screw, using a Phillips screwdriver. Remove any plastic snap fasteners holding the door panel by prying around the entire inner door panel with a flat-head screwdriver.

    3

    Pull the door panel up and in toward the car to remove it from the door frame. Push the window switch panel through the door panel by twisting it and sending it through the door panel lengthwise. Let the switch panel hang while you remove the door panel from the Accord.

    4

    Turn the ignition key to the "II" or "Accessories" position. This is the position where all of the dashboard lights come on, but the engine does not turn over. Do not start the vehicle for this procedure. Roll the driver's window down about halfway using the window switch panel so that you can see the bottom of the window. If the window motor is not functioning at all, skip this step and go to Step 5.

    5

    Insert a 1/4-inch drive ratchet and socket into the door frame and onto the bottom bracket bolts at the base of the window pane. There are two bolts on two different brackets that hold the window glass to the window regulator. The glass needs to be removed prior to removing the regulator motor. Turn the window glass mounting bolts counterclockwise to remove them from the regulator assembly.

    6

    Pull the door glass up and out of the door frame. Set the door glass on the passenger seat of the Accord for safekeeping.

    7

    Remove the window regulator mounting bolts from the motor, using a 1/4-inch drive ratchet and socket along with a 6-inch extension. The extension will allow you greater reach without placing your hands near the sharp sheet metal of the door frame. Let the window regulator fall to the bottom of the door frame once you have removed the mounting bolts.

    8

    Remove the window motor mounting bolts from the door frame by turning them counterclockwise with a 1/4-inch drive ratchet and socket. Remove the window regulator motor using one hand. Disconnect the wiring harness from the back of the motor with your other hand by simply pinching the connector and pulling it free from the motor. Remove the motor from the Accord.

Minggu, 19 Mei 2013

How to Change the Brake Rotors on a 1999 Toyota Camry

How to Change the Brake Rotors on a 1999 Toyota Camry

Damage to the brake rotors on the Toyota Camry is often the result of allowing the brake pads to wear beyond recommended thicknesses. If the rotors have grooves or scoring, you can take it to a machine shop for resurfacing, unless the rotor is already too thin. If this is the case, then you have no other choice but to replace them. It is not difficult to do and each wheel will only take about 30 minutes to complete.

Instructions

    1

    Park the car on a level surface and turn off the ignition. Jack the car up with the automobile jack. Place a jack stand under the car near the jacking point and raise it up to the frame.

    2

    Remove the wheel using the lug wrench. Remove the brake caliper using a the ratchet and socket to remove the retaining bolts. Secure the caliper to the strut using a wire tie. Do not allow it to hang or you will damage the brake line.

    3

    Pull the rotor off of the wheel. If it does not come off easily, use the rubber mallet to hit it until it comes free.

    4

    Put the new rotor on the wheel. Place the brake caliper in the bracket and tighten the bolts with the ratchet and socket. Put the wheel back on the car and tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench.

    5

    Remove the jack stand from under the vehicle and use the jack to lower the car to the ground. Repeat the process on the other wheel. You should replace the rotors in pairs.

How to Remove the Windshield of a Dodge Dart

You should remove the windshield of your Dodge Dart when you have a crack or a chip in the glass that exceeds 1 inch. When this happens, the crack can easily spread over the length of the glass. This can not only impair vision but can also cause the windshield to shatter. Once you've determined that you must replace the windshield on your Dart, the first step is to remove it.

Instructions

    1

    Pry up on the trim that surrounds the windshield of your Dodge Dart. Wedge the teeth of the trim removal tool under the trim and pry up.

    2

    Grab the trim with your fingers, when you can, and pull it off the windshield.

    3

    Cut the urethane sealant that bonds the glass to the frame of the car, using a utility knife. This may take some time, as urethane sealant tends to be rather strong.

    4

    Pull the windshield off the frame of the car. You may need an assistant to help you do this.

How to Fix a Window on a 1997 Pontiac Sunfire

How to Fix a Window on a 1997 Pontiac Sunfire

Repairing a window on a 1997 Pontiac Sunfire is a task that can easily be accomplished by the average vehicle owner. While most auto repairs may seem intimidating or require the help of a trained technician, car window repair can be done in the driveway at your home. Once you have learned how to fix just one of the windows on your 1997 Pontiac Sunfire, the process can be used to repair other car windows as well.

Instructions

The Door Panel

    1

    Make sure that the car window is rolled down and remove all the visible screws from the door panel. Slowly remove the door panel to make sure that there aren't any wires caught. If there are wires, dislodge them or disconnect them at the harness; never cut any wires.

    2

    While looking at the inside of the car door, locate a black or silver horizontal bar. If your window is still intact you will readily see the metal bar; if not, this is the metal track your car window used to sit in. At both ends of the metal track will be bolts that hold the car window glass in place. Remove the bolts using your socket wrench set and place them in a safe place.

    3

    Before you install the new car window glass, make sure that the window track and the inside of the door is free of debris. Use a pair of gloves to protect your hands from glass shards and possible sharp metal inside the car door.

    Putting the car window glass in requires no special trick other than sliding the front of the car window in first while gradually lowering the rear.

    While lowering the replacement car window, make sure that it lines up correctly on the window track where the two bolts will go.

    Secure the new car window glass into position by bolting it in. Caution should be used while tightening the bolts because over tightening the bolts will cause the car window glass to break. One-quarter turn past hand tight should be sufficient.

    Reconnect any wires while replacing the door panel the same way that you took it off and test your new window.

Dodge Neon Rear Door Window Installation

Dodge Neon Rear Door Window Installation

A damaged rear door window in your Dodge Neon can be a serious issue depending on the extent of the damage. If the window is broken it may lead to someone cutting their hands on the shards of glass. A damaged window should be replaced immediately before next taking your vehicle out on the road. You can purchase a replacement window to install in your Neon from your local auto store.

Instructions

    1

    Place a tarp or old bed sheet underneath the door that has the broken window to collect pieces of glass that may fall.

    2

    If the window is heavily damaged, use a hammer to gently tap loose sections of glass from the door, while wearing thick work gloves and safety glasses.

    3

    Open up the door fully and use a Phillips-head screwdriver to remove the screws which hold the interior door panel in place. Lift the door panel away from the door and move it to one side.

    4

    Use a hex wrench to remove the hex bolts which attach the broken window to the window regulator. Put on a pair of protective gloves and carefully lift the window out of the window frame.

    5

    Place a new window in to the door frame. Align the bottom edge of the window with the top bracket of the window regulator. Install the hex bolts to secure both together. Reattach the door panel by placing it on to the door and reattaching the mounting screws.

Sabtu, 18 Mei 2013

How to Install Automotive Glass

How to Install Automotive Glass

Prior to the 1940's, automotive glass was manufactured similarly to the glass you would find around your house. This glass was dangerous because it would break in large shards if a car got into an accident. These shards, combined with the absence of seat belts, led to many fatal accidents. Following the creation of safety glass -- a laminated glass and plastic composite -- broken windshields ceased to be as dangerous. Automotive glass needs to be replaced whether your safety glass has cracked or been broken entirely.

Instructions

    1

    Put your gloves on.

    2

    Lay down a drop cloth inside your car to capture any remaining glass.

    3

    Remove the remnants of the old window. If your window broke, you will need to remove what is left of the shattered pane. If you have safety glass, it likely broke into hundreds of pieces. These pieces will still be stuck to the glue that was used to hold in the pane.

    4

    Cut off the glass that is stuck to the glue. The glue used on car windows is extremely powerful, but also very flexible. You will need to use a knife to cut into the old glue, below the shattered glass. When you finish you should see a generally flat surface.

    5

    Cut away excess glue from the old window. Make the old window mounts as smooth as possible.

    6

    Sand away any glue that was too thin to scrape with your knife. A firm back and fourth action will remove it.

    7

    Glue around the perimeter of the mounts where the old window was before. A 1/4-inch wide trail of glue will suffice. Glue evenly so that there are no weak-spots or unsealed parts. These can cause your glass to crack again or leak water.

    8

    Place the window gently on top of the glue and firmly push around the perimeter of the glass so that the edges of the glass all are glued.

    9

    Hold the glass in place for 10-15 minutes. This should give the glue enough time to begin to set.

    10

    Test the glass you installed. Go around the perimeter of the glass, pushing firmly to ensure that glue has dried. Spray your window with a garden hose to check for leaks.

How to Replace a 2005 Dodge Grand Caravan's Master Cylinder

Smaller vans came before it and more minivans came after it, but when someone mentions the word minivan, the first thought of most car people is the Caravan. The Caravan broke the ground for every other major car manufacturer to produce a minivan of its own. The 2005 Grand Caravan came standard with four-wheel disc brakes, as well as four-wheel antilock brakes. Powering this brake system is a hydraulic component: the master cylinder. As you press the brake pedal, the master cylinder delivers pressurized hydraulic fluid to the brake calipers. After replacing the master cylinder, you must bleed the brake system.

Instructions

Replacing the Master Cylinder

    1

    Press and release the brake pedal five times to relieve all vacuum from the brake booster.

    2

    Loosen the negative battery cable with a combination wrench and pull the cable from the negative battery terminal. Loosen the positive battery cable with a combination wrench and pull the positive battery cable from the battery.

    3

    Pull the plastic battery shield upward and off the battery. Remove the nut securing the battery hold-down clamp with a ratchet and socket, and remove the battery hold-down. Pull the battery from the Grand Caravan.

    4

    Press and hold the unlocking button on the fluid level sensors wiring harness, and pull the wiring harness from the master cylinder.

    5

    Hold a small drain pan under the master cylinder. Loosen the two brake line fittings with a line wrench. Pull the brake lines from the master cylinder and allow all of the fluid to drain from the brake lines and the ports on the master cylinder.

    6

    Remove the master cylinder-to-brake booster nuts with a ratchet and socket, and pull the master cylinder off the brake booster.

    7

    Set the new caliper in a bench vise with rubber jaw protectors and tighten the vise to secure the master cylinder. Do not over-tighten the vise, as it can crack the master cylinder. Unscrew the master cylinder reservoir cap and fill the reservoir to the Max line with new DOT 3 brake fluid. Remove the plastic sealing caps from the brake line ports.

    8

    Hand-thread bleeder hoses from the master cylinder bleeding kit into the brake line ports on the new master cylinder. Route the bleeder hoses into a clean, clear container. Fill the clean, clear container with fresh DOT 3 brake fluid until the fluid submerges the end of the hose.

    9

    Press and release the plunger on the rear of the master cylinder with a wooden dowel rod and watch the submerged ends of the two hoses. Continue pressing and releasing the plunger until no more bubbles come from the bleeder hoses.

    10

    Unscrew the bleeder lines from the master cylinder with a line wrench and quickly install the plastic sealing caps back into the brake line ports.

    11

    Check that the vacuum seal -- the O-ring-like seal -- on the rear of the master cylinder seats squarely in its groove. Press it into the groove, as needed.

    12

    Remove the master cylinder from the bench vise and set it on the mounting studs on the brake booster. Hand-thread the master cylinder-retaining nuts onto the mounting studs, then torque these nuts to 19 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and socket.

    13

    Remove the sealing caps from the brake line ports, and quickly hand-thread the brake lines into their respective ports on the master cylinder. Torque the brake line fittings to 12 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and a crows foot attachment.

    14

    Plug the brake fluid level sensor wiring harness into the receptacle on the master cylinder.

    15

    Set the battery back on its tray. Place the battery clamp in place and hand-thread its retaining nut. Tighten the battery clamp nut with a ratchet and socket. Slide the battery shield back over the battery. Install the negative battery cable and tighten its nut to 11 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and socket. Install the negative battery cable and tighten its nut to 11 foot-pounds.

    16

    Add DOT 3 brake fluid to the master cylinder until the level reaches the Max line on the reservoir. Tighten the cap onto the master cylinder reservoir.

Brake Bleeding

    17

    Raise the rear of the van with a floor jack and slide jack stands under Grand Caravans rear suspension. Lower the van to the ground. Raise the front of the van with a floor jack and slide jack stands under the subframe. Lower the van onto the jack stands.

    18

    Crawl under the rear of the van, so that you are directly behind the left rear wheel. Look on the top of the brake caliper to find the bleeder valve -- the -inch metal valve -- and press the end of a -inch-diameter rubber hose onto the bleeder valve.

    19

    Set the free end of the rubber hose into a clean, clear container. Fill the container with DOT 3 brake fluid until fluid submerges the rubber hose.

    20

    Instruct an assistant to press and release the brake pedal three to four times, until it feels firm. Tell your assistant to press the brake pedal as far to the floor as he can and hold it. Turn the bleeder valve one turn counterclockwise with a combination wrench to open it. Look at the submerged end of the hose and watch for air bubbles to appear in the brake fluid. Tighten the bleeder valve and instruct your assistant to release the brake pedal. Repeat this step until no air bubbles come from the hose submerged in the brake fluid.

    21

    Remove the rubber hose from the bleeder valve. Refill the master cylinder to the Max line with new DOT 3 brake fluid.

    22

    Repeat Steps 2 through 5 on the remaining three wheels, in the following order: right front, right rear, then left front.

    23

    Raise the front of the van off the jack stands with a floor jack and remove the jack stands. Lower the front of the van to the ground. Raise the rear of the van off the jack stands and remove the jack stands. Lower the rear of the van to the ground.

Jumat, 17 Mei 2013

How to Remove a Brake Master Cylinder

The brake master cylinder is a reservoir that holds the brake fluid for your vehicle's braking system. The master cylinder, or "MC" for short, helps to create a vacuum inside the brake system and seals the system using a special cap on top of the reservoir. Over time, the seals on the MC may deteriorate. While a master cylinder can be repaired, most often it is easier to just remove a brake master cylinder and replace it with a new one.

Instructions

    1

    Open the hood and locate the brake master cylinder. The MC is usually located on the firewall on the driver's side of the vehicle.

    2

    Place the catch pan under the MC and loosen the tube nuts on the brake lines going into the master cylinder using the open ended wrench. Pull the brake lines out of the MC. Brake fluid will leak from these areas. This is normal. Be sure that the catch pan is catching all of the fluid. Do not get any brake fluid on painted surfaces as it will damage them.

    3

    Remove the mounting bolts that hold the master cylinder to the brake booster.

    4

    Pull the master cylinder off the brake booster.

Kamis, 16 Mei 2013

Honda Accord Rear Brake Replacement

Honda Accord Rear Brake Replacement

The Honda Accord was introduced in 1976 as a compact import. In 1990, the Accord was featured as a mid-size sedan, and in 2008 it was upgraded to a full-size car. While the earlier versions of the model featured rear drum brakes, the later versions offered rear disc brakes. Replacing drum brakes is a bit more complicated than replacing rear disc brakes due to all the hardware parts and springs involved. No matter which type of rear brakes you must replace on your Accord, you will need to have a degree of technical knowledge and to pay attention to detail.

Vehicle Preparation

    Lift the rear axle of the Accord on a hard and flat surface only. Do not apply the parking brake. Applying the parking brake will prevent you from removing the rear drum or rear caliper. In order to prevent the Accord from slipping on the jack stands, place a wheel chock in front of one of the front tires before lifting it. Crack the rear lug nuts loose with the tire iron or a similar tool before lifting the vehicle. When replacing rear disc brakes, it's recommended to remove 1/2 of the brake fluid from the master cylinder with a brake fluid baster or a similar tool. This will allow room for the brake fluid to be purged backward in the hydraulic line when it comes time to compress the rear caliper pistons. This step is not necessary for rear drum brake replacement. Be sure you employ jack stands to support the Accord; do not use the car jack. Always keep safety in mind.

Rear Disc Brakes Replacement

    Disassemble the rear wheels from the Accord, once lifted. Breaking the lug nuts loose before lifting will help you remove the lug nuts once the vehicle is in the air. Locate the caliper bolts. These bolts hold the caliper to the rear knuckle of the vehicle. Once removed, it is recommended to support the caliper to the rear suspension with a caliper hook. You can make your own hook with a wire coat hanger by bending it by hand. This will help prevent any damage from occurring to the rear brake hose attached to the caliper. Compress the piston of the caliper inward. Later models require a caliper reset tool to twist the piston inward in a clockwise fashion. Earlier versions of the model only require a 12-inch pair of channel locks or a C-clamp to compress the piston inward. The piston should be fully seated in the piston bore in order to make room for the replacement pads and rotors (if you're replacing the rotors). Remove the pads from the caliper bridge and then inspect the rotor. Any visible rust pits, scoring or grooves present on the rotors should require machining them or replacing them. To remove the rotors will require removing the caliper bridge bolts and then the bridge itself. Insert a metric screw into the threaded hole on the front hub facing of the rotor. Tighten the screw until it breaks the rotor to the hub flange connection. Use brake cleaner spray to wash the rust preventative solution from the replacement rotors. Failure to do so will result in smoking rear brakes and possible pad surface damage. Reinstall the rotors and pads by reversing the procedure. Be sure to lubricate the bridge and caliper slides, so that the pads move freely once the rear brakes are reassembled. Lastly, be sure to depress the brake pedal several times once the Accord is back on the ground. This will extend the compressed caliper pistons outward to contact the rear pads to the rotors. Once the brake pedal feels firm, the pads will be seated properly. Adjust the level of the brake fluid in the master cylinder and only add new brake fluid to top-off the reservoir.

Rear Drum Brakes Replacement

    As with the rear brake rotors, use a metric screw or screws to insert into the threaded hole on the hub face of the drum. Drive the screws inward until the drum breaks free from the hub flange connection. Inspect the inside diameter of the drum. If a rust ridge is present, have the drum machined by a local auto parts store. If you've never replaced rear drum brakes before, it's best to leave one side intact to refer to for reassembly. Remove the hold-down springs and pins in order to free the shoes from the backing plate. Use needle nose pliers to remove the top and bottom return springs and the adjuster spring. Remove the rear brake adjusting assembly and then pry the rear parking brake cable-retaining clip from the parking brake shoe. This clip is shaped like a horseshoe. It's suggested to replace the rear hardware springs and clips any time you're replacing rear shoes. Lubricate the shoe contacts on the backing plate. There are three contacts per shoe on each side of the backing plate. Also, if necessary, take the adjusting assembly apart and clean off any rust present, and then re-lubricate the threads of the adjuster. Replace the new shoes by reversing the procedure. Be sure you're replacing the correct shoes in their corresponding position. Once reinstalled, adjust the brakes outward by turning the star wheel of the adjusting assembly until the brake drum fits snugly over the shoes and has a slight drag when being turned by hand.