Minggu, 30 September 2012

How to Stop a Brake Squeak

How to Stop a Brake Squeak

A brake squeak or squeal may randomly begin when you are driving, even if you have recently had the brakes serviced. The squeak may be quiet at first, and it may come and go; however, if you hear this noise you should inspect your brakes to determine the cause. The most common reason for squeaking brakes is worn out or improperly lubricated brake pads. There are, however, other reasons for squeaking brakes that should be considered before replacing the brake pads.

Instructions

    1

    Remove the wheel. Place the car jack underneath the vehicle, at a suitable jack-point, and use the jack to raise the vehicle. Place jack stands underneath the vehicle and lower the jack until the vehicle is resting on the jack stands. Place wheel chocks underneath the wheels that are touching the ground. Use the torque wrench and the socket set to remove the lug nuts from the wheel, and remove the wheel.

    2

    Determine the cause of the noise. Inspect the brake pads or brake shoes to see if they are worn down. Check the brake pads to see if there is enough lubricant applied to the back of them. Make sure that the pads fit tightly within the calipers. If there does not appear to be a problem with the brake pads or shoes, inspect the other components of the brakes. Check the calipers, as well as the caliper slides, pins and bushings; you may have to replace these parts if there is too much looseness between the caliper and the knuckle. Check the brake rotors. The rotors may need resurfacing if they have become glazed or rough, or if they were not finished properly. If your vehicle has drum-style brakes, check for excessive brake dust, as well as loose hardware.

    3

    Replace any worn parts and apply lubricant. If the cause of the problem is determined to be a worn out part, replace the part. The most common problem is worn out or improperly lubricated pads or shoes. Apply lubricant to the backs of the brake pads, or to the brake shoe contact areas. For drum-style brakes, if there is too much brake dust, remove the brake drum and clean the components with brake cleaner.

    4

    Install the wheel and lower the vehicle. Put the wheel back in place, and use the torque wrench and the socket set to tighten the wheel lug nuts to the correct torque specification; refer to the vehicle repair guide to determine the correct specification. Raise the vehicle to bring it off of the jack stands, and remove the jack stands. Remove the wheel chocks. Lower the vehicle and remove the car jack. Pump the brake pedal and test the brakes to ensure they are working correctly, before driving on a public road.

How to Replace the Window Motor on a 2003 Jeep Grand Cherokee

How to Replace the Window Motor on a 2003 Jeep Grand Cherokee

The power motor inside the door is responsible for raising and lowering the window in your Jeep Cherokee. Many times, these motors fail. When they do, your window will be stuck in whatever position it was in when the motor went out. Changing the power-window motor may seem intimidating, but it's well worth doing yourself to avoid costly repair bills at the shop.

Instructions

    1

    Remove all screws securing the interior door panel on. There is a screw on the top portion, and two in the handle.

    2

    Gently pull on the interior door panel to release the plastic clips that fasten the panel. Use caution to avoid damaging the plastic clips.

    3

    With the door panel loose, release the two wire connections to the window- and door-lock switches. You must also remove the lock-mechanism poles.

    4

    Remove the four screws holding on the speaker. Remove the wire connector and set the speaker aside.

    5

    Remove the window seal by gently pulling. Make note of how each wiring harness is fed through the door panel.

    6

    There are two clips that secure the window to the track. Using needle-nose pliers, gently pull the clips off of the window. Carefully lift the window out of the track and set it aside.

    7

    Remove the motor from the track system by removing the three bolts holding the motor to the track. Remove the unit from the door and place it on a flat surface.

    8

    Remove the lower cable guide by pressing on the tab with a screwdriver and releasing the guide assembly. You must also remove the window-guide mechanism. Make sure it is turned so that you can connect the cable in the guide.

    9

    Install the replacement window motor and guide assembly onto the door panel using the three bolts. Make sure the cables are aligned properly before reinstalling the window in the vehicle.

    10

    Install all peices in the reverse order.

Ceramic Vs. Organic Brake Pads

As automotive brake systems have evolved, the need for improvements in brake-pad efficiency has been addressed by auto manufacturers. The organic pad compounds of the 1970s didn't provide the performance needed for today's cars and trucks. There were also serious health concerns with the asbestos used in the organic compounds.

Today's cars and light trucks need brake pads that operate at high temperatures and are efficient across a broad temperature range. Issues to consider when choosing brake pads include temperature range, noise, wear life, and dusting. Ceramic pads meet those needs much better than organic pads.

Heat

    Today's cars and light trucks need brake pads that operate at high temperatures and are efficient across a broad temperature range.

    Organic brake pads operated in a narrow temperature range, and cooling of the brakes was critical to their safe operation. That required larger brake systems with enough mass to readily absorb and dispel heat caused by brake friction.

    Beginning in the 1980s, engineers started downsizing brake systems to reduce the weight of vehicles. A need arose for pads that operated across a broader heat range, and today we have ceramic brake pads that can withstand the stresses of the most undersized brake systems.

Noise

    As an answer to the performance problems of organic pads, semi-metallic pads were developed to help improve heat resistance. Constructed of steel and bronze, along with carbon, those pads worked at a higher heat range, but metallic pads increased brake noise.

    Today's ceramic compounds do not result in similar noise problems because the compound is soft enough to absorb noise-causing vibrations.

Dusting

    With the high carbon and graphite contents of non-asbestos organic pads came black brake dust, and lots of it. The ceramic pad, while still producing a small amount of dust, produces a light colored dust that is less likely to stick to and stain wheels.

Long Life

    Organic pads didn't last long. The replacement semi-metallic pads lasted longer, but wear on brake drums and rotors was unacceptable. The ceramic pad gives us extended pad life without excessive rotor wear.

Summary

    Asbestos was originally used in organic pads; when the environmental problems of asbestos became known, manufacturers created non-asbestos organic and semi-metallic pad compounds. The original asbestos based pads are no longer available due to health concerns, and were removed from that market in the mid 1980s. The replacement non-asbestos organic and semi metallic pads are still available, but cannot compete with ceramic pads for performance.

Sabtu, 29 September 2012

How to Replace the Rear Glass Window on a Car

How to Replace the Rear Glass Window on a Car

Replacing the rear glass window on a car takes only a few simple tools and materials. Modern cars make it simpler to replace windshields because of the new adhesives that are applied to most cars. Weatherstripping and caulking are two key elements that lock glass in. Once these elements are removed, it allows for a relatively easy entryway for the new glass to be installed.

Instructions

    1

    Use a one-sided razor blade or a windshield knife to cut all the way around the window's weather-stripping perimeter, which is the black adhesive tape that secures the windshield. Maintain a slow and steady pace when using the knife to cut the perimeter. Start cutting from the bottom with the knife pointing up and away from the glass; this will prevent puncturing the glass or the car's exterior.

    2

    Go inside the vehicle and use a free hand to tap and press up on the rear window. This will help to loosen the windshield up from the seal. The glass should be easier to remove once it is fully detached from the threshold. Lift the glass from the outside. It may be helpful to have an assistant to help you lift the glass from the threshold.

    3

    Clean the windshield's opening with any commercial cleaner to remove the sticky substance from the weather-stripping adhesive. Replace the windshield's clips, if necessary.

    4

    Apply the seal to the replacement rear window. Apply a thin layer of urethane caulk with a caulk gun, spreading alongside the inside frame. Ask your assistant to help lift the rear windshield and place its edges onto the caulk. Put pressure on the top and bottom layer of the windshield so that it can set into the caulk.

    5

    Allow the rear window to dry and set into place for 24 hours.

How to Tint Plastic Boat Windshields

How to Tint Plastic Boat Windshields

Many boats have plastic windshields to protect the driver and the passengers from the elements and from flying insects. One thing a windshield does not do is protect the driver from the harsh ultraviolet rays of the sun, which reflect off the water and cause a blinding effect. Tinting the plastic windshield on your boat is a fairly simple process. Just be sure you use a spray tint, as film will not adhere properly to the surface of the windshield.

Instructions

    1

    Clean the exterior surface of the window with window cleaner and wipe dry with a soft cloth. Remove any dirt or build-up from the surface to produce a clean finish.

    2

    Apply painter's tape around the windshield to create a 2- to 3-inch-wide border.

    3

    Shake the can of tint spray vigorously for one to two minutes to mix the contents thoroughly.

    4

    Apply an even coat of tint spray over the entire surface of the windshield. Avoid holding the can in one spot for any length of time, as this can produce a puddle. Allow the tint spray to dry for two hours.

    5

    Remove painter's tape from around the windshield.

Directions to Change Brake Rotors on a 1994 Buick Century

Directions to Change Brake Rotors on a 1994 Buick Century

When you allow the brake pads to wear down on a Buick Century, it will damage the rotors. As the pads wear down, it allows the rivets holding the brake linings on the brake pad to come in contact with the rotors and cut grooves in them. Depending on how bad the grooves are, you may be able to take the rotors to a machine shop for resurfacing. Or, you may replace the rotors at the same time you change the brake pads.

Instructions

    1

    Park the automobile on a level surface and place the wheel chocks behind the rear wheels.

    2

    Raise the car on the side you will be starting with and place a jack stand under it near the jacking point. Raise the jack stand up to the frame of the automobile.

    3

    Remove the wheel using the lug wrench to remove the lug nuts. Remove the brake caliper using the proper size hex socket and a ratchet. Access the retaining bolts on the back side of the caliper. Secure the caliper to the strut using a wire tie. Do not let the caliper hang freely or you will damage the brake line. Pull the old rotor off the wheel assembly. If it doesn't come off easily, use the rubber mallet to strike the rotor several times until it breaks free.

    4

    Put the new rotor on the wheel and then replace the brake caliper. Tighten the retaining bolts with the hex socket and ratchet. Put the wheel back on the car and tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench. Remove the jack stand from under the car and lower the automobile back to the ground.

How to Use a Drum Micrometer

A drum micrometer is used to measure the inside diameter of the brake drum on vehicles with drum braking systems, primarily for rear brakes, but some antiques have four-wheel drum braking systems. Brake drums wear on the inside diameter during a brake shoe replacement when the drum is machined on a lathe. After a while, the inside diameter of the drum becomes too wide or too thin to be effectively useful. All drums for all types of vehicles have a "discard" measurement that allows the drum to be measured to this point and no further. The micrometer is used to determine how close the drum is to this discard point.

Instructions

    1

    Lay the brake drum on a level surface, upside down, with the inside diameter of the drum facing upward.

    2

    Inspect the inside diameter of the drum for heat cracks or scoring. Scoring creates uneven surfaces that cut deep into the interior surface of the drum where the shoes come into contact with it. In the event of scoring, the deepest score line would need to be measured with the micrometer, as that would be the point to which you machine the drum if machining is an option.

    3

    Place the indicators of of the micrometer so they are evenly distributed on the inside of the brake drum. Apply some light, even pressure on the indicators of the micrometer and position the indicators to line up with any scores that may be present.

    4

    Holding the drum steady (it may be useful to have a helper), place your hands on each end of the micrometer and turn it in a clockwise motion around the inside circumference of the drum. Watch the dial indicator of the micrometer to measure any variance of the inside diameter. Any anomaly in measurement indicates run-out or warping of the drum and renders it useless, no matter what measurement is indicated for discard comparison.

    5

    Write down the measurement of the score that the micrometer reads. If the reading of the circumference measurement showed no variance of warping, compare the micrometer's measurement to the specifications on the brake drum/rotor discard chart.

How to Replace the Brake Rotors on a 1996 Jeep Cherokee

How to Replace the Brake Rotors on a 1996 Jeep Cherokee

The brakes on a 1996 Cherokee function by the brake calipers squeezing the brake pads against the rotors. The friction created by the pads and rotors bring the SUV to a complete stop. Over time, this constant heat and pressure can wear out the rotors. When the rotors become worn, they must be replaced or additional problems may occur. Driving on worn rotors can lead to brake pad damage, caliper leakage or even complete brake failure.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the Cherokee's front lug nuts, using the ratchet and socket.

    2

    Raise the Cherokee's front wheels off the ground, using the floor jack. Support the vehicle by placing the jack stands beneath it.

    3

    Remove the front lug nuts and pull the wheels from the Cherokee.

    4

    Place the C-clamp's jaws over the brake caliper, positioning the fixed portion so that it touches the rear of the caliper body and the screw portion so that it contacts the outer brake pad.

    5

    Tighten the C-clamp until the inner caliper piston is completely pressed into the caliper and the C-clamp can no longer be tightened when the piston is fully pressed in.

    6

    Look at the rear side of the caliper and locate the upper and lower caliper bolts.

    7

    Loosen the upper and lower caliper bolts, using the ratchet and socket. Pull the bolts from the caliper.

    8

    Lift the caliper up and pull it away from the brake assembly, noticing the brake pads remain attached to the caliper. Attach the caliper to a suspension component using the bungee strap; never allow it to hang by the rubber brake hose.

    9

    Grab the rotor, the large, metal disc, and pull it toward you to remove it. Notice the wheel studs remain on the vehicle's hub.

    10

    Place the new rotor on the Cherokee's hub, lining the wheel studs up with the holes in the rotor.

    11

    Remove the bungee strap holding the caliper and place the caliper over the new brake rotor.

    12

    Tighten the upper and lower caliper bolts, using the ratchet and socket.

    13

    Repeat steps number 4 through 12 for the rotor on the opposite side of the Cherokee.

    14

    Place the wheels on the Cherokee and hand-tighten the lug nuts.

    15

    Remove the jack stands and lower the Cherokee, slowly, to the ground.

    16

    Torque the front lug nuts to 75 foot-pounds, in a star pattern, using the torque wrench and a socket.

    17

    Build pressure in the brake lines by pressing and releasing the brake pedal until it feels firm.

How to Replace Ford Windstar Window Glass

If any damage occurs to the windows in your Ford Windstar it can not only reduce the visibility which the driver has when taking the vehicle on the road, it can also reduce the overall appearance of your Ford. In addition, because the window is already compromised, it's an open invitation that can put your vehicle at risk of theft. To avoid this you should replace any damaged windows on your minivan.

Instructions

    1

    Open up the door of your Windstar which contains the damaged window. Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to remove the screws attached to the door panel. Pull the door panel away from the door frame.

    2

    Remove the screws which attach the door handle and the door handle trim. Then remove both of these elements from the door assembly. Pull the water deflector away from the inner door with by hand. Pry it and pull it until it comes free from the door.

    3

    Move the window up or down by hand to the position where it is easiest to remove. Use a hex wrench to remove the hex bolts which attach the window to the window regulator.

    4

    Pull away the regulator and lift the glass away from the door frame. Wear sturdy gloves and handle the glass gently to prevent it from breaking further. Dispose of it properly in a recycling can or in another appropriate manner.

    5

    Place a new glass pane into the door frame. Line up the glass pane with the regulator and secure it in place with the hex bolts. Reattach the remaining parts of the door assembly by following the removal steps in reverse.

How Do I Release Brake Shoe Tension?

How Do I Release Brake Shoe Tension?

If you are in the process of changing your drum brake shoes or the shoes inside the brake drum are "dragging", causing them to lockup while driving the vehicle; you can easily adjust the tension of your drum brake shoes to alleviate the problem. Too much brake shoe tension against the brake drum will cause premature wear and will make removing the brake drum for servicing an extremely hard task. With a few simple tools, you can adjust your brakes to the proper tension.

Instructions

    1

    Park your vehicle on a level cement surface. Jack the rear of the vehicle up and secure the vehicle off the ground with jack stands. Refer to the vehicle's owner manual for the proper vehicle lifting instructions and jack stand placement areas. Failure to follow your vehicles guidelines with regard to jacking it up and securing the vehicle with jack stands can result in injury as well as vehicle damage.

    2

    Install wheel chalks behind and in front of the front wheels to ensure the vehicle will not move during the brake adjustment procedure. Rotate the driver's side rear wheel to determine if that particular brake needs adjustment. Crawl underneath the rear of the vehicle and locate the small elongated rubber plug on the bottom of the drum brake backing plate, on the inside of the wheel.

    3

    Use a flat head screwdriver to pry the rubber plug off the drum brake backing plate. Examine the inside of the hole using a flash light and locate the small star gear. There will also be metal rod that seats in between the teeth of the gear to retain the gear's position.

    4

    Turn the gear in an upwards direction with the flat head screw driver. You may need to work the screwdriver between the metal rod and the gear in order to turn it, as the rod will inhibit the gear's movement (if you are removing the drums for servicing, give the gear a few turns to completely release the brake shoe tension from the drum).

    5

    Rotate the gear a couple rotations and then attempt to spin the wheel. If you have a rear wheel drive or four wheel drive vehicle and the tension while turning the driver's side wheel is still apparent; perform the adjustment steps on the passenger side rear wheel. Adjust tension gear on both rear brakes until they exhibit a very slight dragging noise against the drum and the wheels spin only one full revolution when you rotate them with your hands as hard as you can.

    6

    Reinstall the rubber plugs to the back of the drum brake back plates. Lift the vehicle slightly with the jack, remove the jack stands, and then carefully lower the rear of the vehicle to the ground. Remove the wheel chalks from the front wheels of the vehicle to complete the process.

Jumat, 28 September 2012

How to Fix a Power Window Motor

How to Fix a Power Window Motor

Power window motors are extremely reliable, and when something does go bad, diagnosing and fixing the problem is usually quite easy. There's not a lot that can go wrong. A power window motor is made up of a reel, a sector gear and the motor drive, all of which are replaceable. Before fixing the power window motor, first disconnect the negative lead from the vehicle's main battery. Use caution when working with moving parts inside the vehicle door.

Instructions

    1

    Tape the window glass in the closed position to hold it in place while working the mechanical parts inside the vehicle door. Unfasten the door panel by prying on the fasteners around the edge of the paneling, using a screwdriver, and remove the panel. Also remove the weather sheeting and retain it for later.

    2

    Remove the four or six bolts on the door holding the regulator assembly. The regulator assembly is the part that holds the window glass and moves it up and down on the framework track inside the door. Next, unscrew two Phillips screws holding the window glass in the regulator clamp. Now you can remove the regulator assembly and the framework track from the door cavity while the duct tape holds the window glass in place. Attached to the framework is the motor mechanism.

    3

    Unplug the electrical cable attached to the motor from the wiring in the door. Examine the motor mechanism. The motor drive is attached to a rotating reel, which, in turn, is attached to a sector gear. This sector gear turns the attached linkage that physically moves the window glass up and down. Let the wiring hang from the door cavity for now, and lay the motor assembly on the ground with the motor drive face up.

    4

    Unscrew the four or six bolts holding the failed motor drive to the rotating reel, using the wrench. Remove the failed motor and replace with the new motor, inserting the round housing of the new motor over the exposed rotating reel. Tighten the four or six bolts, and connect the cable from the new motor to the wiring hanging from the door cavity.

    5

    Insert the framework and motor assembly into the door cavity, and replace the four or six bolts that hold it to the door. Be sure to stuff the cabling back into the door so it does not interfere with any of the moving parts. Manually move the regulator assembly up so you can clamp the window glass back in and tighten the two Phillips screws. Replace the plastic weather sheeting, and the door panel. You can remove the duct tape when the window glass is securely fastened in the regulator assembly. Reconnect the battery and test the window.

How to Change Front Brake Pads on a 2002 Toyota Echo

How to Change Front Brake Pads on a 2002 Toyota Echo

In terms of safety on the road, the brakes are one of the most essential components of vehicle operation. The front brakes bear most of the load of stopping the vehicle, and therefore the brake pads will need to be changed more frequently than in the rear. On the 2002 Toyota Echo, brake pad replacement is simple, and for someone fairly familiar with routine car maintenance, the job should only take about an hour using common tools.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the front tires. Jack up the front end of the vehicle and set the jack stands under a secure part of the Echo's frame.

    2

    Lower the car on to the jack stands. Remove the front tires.

    3

    Locate the two bolts in the rear of the brake caliper holding the brake caliper in place. Remove them using the ratchet and appropriate-sized socket.

    4

    Pull the caliper off the rotor. Suspend the caliper from the car's frame with a bungee cord or length of wire. Do not allow any of the caliper's weight to be held by the brake line, since this can cause a rupture or leakage of brake fluid.

    5

    Remove the brake pads from the caliper assembly. Do not throw away the support plates or the anti-squeal clips on the pads. You will reuse these on the new pads.

    6

    Check the rotor for any significant grooving or warping. If you notice any problems, you'll need to replace the rotor as well as the pads.

    7

    Apply brake grease to the back of the support plate, then clip it to the back of the new brake pad. Attach the anti-squeal clips and place the new pads in the caliper assembly.

    8

    Place the caliper back over the new pads and bolt it into place. Put the wheel back and tighten the lug nuts.

    9

    Jack the Echo up off the jack stands. Remove them from underneath the car and lower it to the ground. Tighten the lug nuts a second time.

Kamis, 27 September 2012

How to Restore a Milky Plastic Lens

Car headlights use a plastic lens in order to focus headlight beams. The plastic of the lens can become cloudy and develop a milky color, making the beam dim and ineffective. Restoring a plastic lens to its normal transparent state will save you the cost of having a replacement lens put in by a service shop. The procedure for restoring the lens to its normal clear state will not damage the lens.

Instructions

    1

    Fill a bucket with tap water at room temperature. Apply a few drops of dishwashing liquid to the water.

    2

    Fill a spray bottle with tap water at room temperature.

    3

    Soak the 600-grit sandpaper, the 800-grit sandpaper, the1,000-grit sandpaper and the 1,200-grit sandpaper in the bucket. Wrap the 600-grit sandpaper around the sanding block.

    4

    Spray the plastic lens with water from the spray bottle until it is soaking wet.

    5

    Rub the plastic with the 600-grit sandpaper until the surface is smooth.

    6

    Discard the 600-grit sandpaper and wrap the 800-grit sandpaper around the sanding block.

    7

    Soak the plastic lens with water from the spray bottle until it is soaking wet. Rub the plastic with the 800-grit sandpaper to remove as much of the milky discoloration as possible.

    8

    Remove and discard the 800-grit sandpaper. Wrap the 1,000-grit sandpaper around the sanding block.

    9

    Soak the plastic lens with water from the spray bottle until it is soaking wet. Rub the plastic with 1,000-grit sandpaper to smooth the surface down from the coarseness caused by the 800-grit sandpaper.

    10

    Discard the 1,000-grit sandpaper and wrap the 1,200-grit sandpaper around the sanding block. Polish the lens with the sanding block in a slow, circular motion starting at the center of the lens and moving to the outer edges.

    11

    Apply a light cutting compound to the electric buffer and buff the plastic with the swirl removal function on. Hand-buff the plastic using a microfiber cloth.

    12

    Apply plastic polish to the plastic lens. Polish the plastic lens using another microfiber cloth.

How to Fix Cloudy Headlight Lenses

How to Fix Cloudy Headlight Lenses

Headlights are an essential safety feature on any vehicle. Over time, your headlight lenses may turn cloudy or foggy. The cloudy appearance is actually a discoloration of the lens caused by the heat of the headlight bulb. Clouding is rather common on cars built before the year 2000. The clouding problem can be remedied in two ways: buy and install a replacement lens or purchase cleaning and polishing products to remove the lens residue manually.

Instructions

    1

    Sand the cloudy headlight lens in a circular motion starting with 1200-grit sandpaper, which is the finest grade. Work on one lens at a time. Do not start sanding the other lens until you have finished working on the first one.

    2

    Use coarser 800-grit sandpaper to sand the lens if the 1200-grit paper does not produce the desired result. Depending on the severity of clouding, you may need to sand the lens using a coarser grit. If the lens is still opaque after using 800-grit sandpaper, try the 600-grit sandpaper.

    3

    Wash off the lens after sanding to remove the sanding dust and residue. Dry the lens with a terrycloth.

    4

    Inspect the headlight lens under a bright light to check for tiny pits. The pits are caused by flying debris or sand hitting the lens when the car is moving at a high speed.

    5

    Use the 1200-grit sandpaper to sand any pits you observe, sanding in a circular motion. Sanding will not remove the pits entirely but will smooth the edges and make the pits appear to be flush with the undamaged surrounding surface of the lens.

    6

    Wash off the lens and dry it with a terrycloth.

    7

    Squeeze a dab of plastic polish onto a sponge and apply by wiping in a straight line across the lens. Leave the polish on the lens for one minute and then wipe off with a paper towel.

    8

    Apply a pea-sized amount of clear protective coating on a dishwashing sponge. Rub the coating on the lens surface. Wipe off the excess with a paper towel. Repeat all of the above steps for the other headlight lens.

Rabu, 26 September 2012

How do I Adjust the Rear Brakes on a 2001 Hyundai?

Hyundai brakes are self-adjusting, meaning that they will adjust themselves as you use the brakes over time. That said, you should still do a hands-on adjustment after they are first installed to make sure that the brake pads stick correctly to the rotor when you apply the brakes. This is also known as "bedding in." What this does is transfer some of the brake pad material to the rotor, making them more sticky. So when you press down on the brakes, the pads will grip the surface of the rotor better than if you hadn't adjusted the brakes.

Instructions

    1

    Turn the key in the ignition to start the car. Put the shifter into reverse.

    2

    Press the accelerator slowly then release the accelerator and step gently on the brakes. At first, the brakes will feel a bit soft and mushy. Keep repeating this process maybe four times or until the brakes feel firm.

    3

    Put the car into drive and accelerate to about 40 miles per hour. Slow the car down by applying the brakes, bringing your speed down to about 10 miles per hour.

    4

    Repeat Step 3 about three times, taking care not to bring the car to a complete halt.

    5

    Stop the car and allow the brakes to rest for about 20 minutes. Your brakes are now fully adjusted.

Windshield Installation Instructions for a Jeep Wrangler

Windshield Installation Instructions for a Jeep Wrangler

A Jeep Wrangler's windshield consists of the frame, glass and a windshield gasket. Installing a replacement windshield in a Jeep can be difficult. The windshield gasket has a very tight fit and is difficult to manipulate into position. If too much pressure is applied to the glass, it can break. It is important to be very cautious during a windshield installation to avoid damage to the vehicle.

Instructions

    1

    Lubricate the windshield by applying glass cleaner around the outside edge of the windshield. Fully coat both sides and edges of the Jeep windshield.

    2

    Install the windshield gasket around the outside edge of the windshield using your hands. The gasket pushes onto the windshield. The inside portion of the gasket has a groove designed to hold the edge of the windshield. Start at one corner and work your way around the entire perimeter of the windshield. Do not use sharp objects to pry the gasket onto the windshield as it may damage the glass. Continue until the entire gasket is installed onto the windshield.

    3

    Thread string trimmer line into the lip of the windshield gasket. The line should be installed around the entire perimeter of the windshield gasket. This lip is located on the interior side of the windshield. The string trimmer line will allow you to pull the lip over the metal of the windshield frame.

    4

    Soak the gasket with glass cleaner.

    5

    Lift the new windshield onto the windshield frame and position it with a partner.

    6

    Locate the string trimmer line end on the inside of the vehicle. Pull the end of the line and allow the lip to overlay the windshield frame, guiding it into place with your hand. You will see the inner lip of the windshield gasket overlay the framework of the windshield frame. Work slowly to ensure the lip continues to pull forward and lay onto the windshield frame.

    7

    Continue pulling the line from the windshield gasket until the entire lip is set onto the windshield frame.

How to Open a Stuck Brake Bleeder Valve

How to Open a Stuck Brake Bleeder Valve

Moisture trapped in old brake fluid can cause the brake fluid to boil within the system during heavy brake use. Once brake fluid boils, it releases air into the system. This is one of several ways air becomes trapped in a hydraulic brake system. The most obvious way to fix this is replacing a leaky brake line. The bleeders on the wheel cylinders or caliper pistons are the most practical way to release air from a hydraulic brake system. However, after many years of rain, snow, and corrosive salt, the bleeder is tough to open.

Instructions

    1

    Brush the brake bleeder clean with a wire brush. Spray penetrating oil on the stuck brake bleeder, and tap the bleeder lightly with a small hammer.

    2

    Insert a six-point box end wrench over the brake bleeder, and apply slight pressure, in both tightening and loosening. Apply heat with an electric heat gun; sometimes this is enough heat to break it free, before trying a torch.

    3

    Apply heat to the bleeder with a concentrated flame from a mini torch or a fine brazing tip on an acetylene torch. Do not let the bleeder get too hot; once the bleeder is red, take away the heat. Let it cool.

    4

    Spray more penetrating oil over the bleeder. Insert a six-point box end wrench over the bleeder, apply a slight pressure, and try to move the bleeder in either direction. Do not twist the bleeder off.

    5

    Reheat the bleeder until red just begins to show. Let it cool, and once again spray penetrating oil on the bleeder after it cools. Put the six-point box end wrench over the bleeder, and apply ample pressure to loosen the bleeder.

    6

    Repeat Step 4 until the bleeder is loosened.

How to Fix Car Brakes That Make a Scraping Sound

How to Fix Car Brakes That Make a Scraping Sound

Brake pads are designed to squeal under normal conditions when the pad material reaches a certain thickness. This squealing means it is time to replace the brake pads and perform periodic maintenance on the brake system. When the brake pads are not replaced when needed, the pad material will eventually wear away completely, and there will be a scraping noise whenever the brakes are applied. This noise is produced from metal on metal contact from the brake pad backing material with the metal rotor. This noise means you will also have to replace the rotors along with the brake pads.

Instructions

    1

    Break loose the lug nuts with a lug wrench but do not completely remove them at this time.

    2

    Raise the front end of the car with a floor jack until the front wheels are off the ground. Place jack stands under the frame rail to support the weight of the vehicle. Lower the car onto the jack stands with the jack.

    3

    Remove the lug nuts with a lug wrench and pull the tire away from the car.

    4

    Unscrew the two caliper bolts with a socket and ratchet set then remove the caliper. Support the caliper by hanging it on a piece of wire from the coil spring.

    5

    Remove the two mounting bolts from the caliper mounting bracket with the socket and ratchet set. Pull the rotor away from the wheel hub and discard it.

    6

    Spray both sides of the new rotor with brake cleaner and place it onto the wheel hub assembly.

    7

    Install the caliper mounting bracket by tightening the bracket bolts with the socket and ratchet.

    8

    Remove what is left of the worn brake pads and discard them. Compress the caliper piston back into the caliper with a brake pad spreader.

    9

    Place the new brake pads into the caliper and slide the caliper back into position. Install the two caliper mounting bolts with the socket and ratchet.

    10

    Remount the wheel onto the wheel hub and hand-tighten all of the lug nuts. Repeat Steps 5 through 11 for the other side of the vehicle.

    11

    Raise the car off the jack stands with the floor jack and remove the jack stands from under the vehicle. Lower the vehicle to the ground and torque the lug nuts to the manufacturer's specifications with a torque wrench.

    12

    Start the engine and pump the brakes until they feel firm.

How to Remove Worn Out Car Window Tint

There is perhaps nothing more unflattering to your car's exterior than tint peeling off the windows. Once upon a time, the tint probably looked good and helped keep your car cool, but now it may be obstructing your view and destroying your car's beautiful exterior. Believe it or not, you can remove the tint by yourself. Of course, you will need to follow the steps below and pack a lot of patience.

Instructions

Prepare for Removing Window Tint

    1

    Wait for a sunny day. You will need the warmth from the sun to effectively remove the old tint.

    2

    Plan on working for about four hours. This includes time required for the car to sit in the warmth of the sun.

    3

    Park the car in the sun with the rear of the vehicle facing the sun.

    4

    Cut a garbage bag along the sides so that you have one large sheet of plastic.

Remove Window Tint from Rear Window

    5

    Cover your interior seats with tarp or something that will protect them from the spray debris.

    6

    Spray window cleaner on the inside of the rear window.

    7

    Press the plastic garbage bag on the inside surface of the rear window immediately. Be sure that you have covered all exposed glass.

    8

    Repeat this procedure approximately every twenty minutes for two hours. Basically you are steaming the tint off the windows.

    9

    Use the razor blade to peel the plastic film off at the corner of the window, where there are no defroster lines. You should peel the plastic off in one piece if possible.

    10

    Spray more window cleaner on the window as you remove the film. This will keep the glue from drying again.

    11

    Scrub the remaining adhesive off with ammonia and fine steel wool. This will take time, so be patient.

Remove Window Tint from Side Windows

    12

    Catch the corner of the film with your razor blade.

    13

    Continue peeling the film off with the razor blade. You may have to take it off in several pieces.

    14

    Slide the razor over the surface of the window to remove the remaining residue.

    15

    Spray the window with window cleaner.

    16

    Use towels and fine steel wool to clean the remaining residue from the windows.

Selasa, 25 September 2012

How to Replace a Wheel Hub Assembly K1500

The GMC K1500 Sierra truck is built by General Motors. K1500 trucks come equipped with wheel hub assemblies on both front wheels. The hubs are the main components that the brake calipers, brake pads and the brake rotors connect to. The wheel hub assembly also comes equipped with a roller bearing that allows the front wheels to turn, and an ABS braking sensor. The hub makes it possible for the wheels to turn while allowing the braking components to perform their required function. If the bearing inside of a hub locks up, replace the wheel hub immediately.

Instructions

    1

    Park the GMC K1500 model truck in a safe work area and apply the parking brake.

    2

    Loosen the lug nuts from both front wheels about one-quarter of a turn counter-clockwise with a tire tool.

    3

    Jack the front of the GMC K1500 truck up and place the jack stands under the designated jacking points on both sides of the truck. Lower the truck onto the jack stands and leave the jack in place.

    4

    Remove all of the lug nuts from the front wheels. Pull the front wheels off the hubs and place them flat down on the surface. Move to the front driver side wheel hub.

    5

    Loosen and remove the two caliper mounting bolts on the back side of the brake caliper with a ratchet and a socket. Slide a flat head screwdriver between the brake rotor and the outer brake pad. Pry the brake pad back and forth until the caliper is loose enough to remove from the rotor. Pull the caliper off the rotor with your hands and hang the caliper to one of the suspension components behind the wheel hub assembly with a bungee cord.

    6

    Pull the brake rotor straight off the hub with your hands. If the rotor is stuck, use a rubber mallet to tap the rotor off the wheel hub. Place the rotor to the side. Move to the steering knuckle behind the wheel hub assembly and remove the bolts from the clamp that holds the ABS wiring harness in place, with a ratchet and a socket. The speed sensor harness plugs into the back of the hub and to the plug that is mounted near the steering knuckle. Unplug the speed sensor from the wiring harness and drape the harness over the wheel hub. Loosen and remove the wheel hub mounting bolts from the back side of the wheel hub with a ratchet and a socket. The wheel hub is mounted to the spindle backing plate.

    7

    Pull the wheel hub straight out off the spindle with your hands. Tap the wheel hub, if needed, with the rubber mallet. Place the old wheel hub assembly to the side and position the new wheel hub onto the spindle and against the spindle backing plate. Reverse the same steps above to reconnect the wheel hub and all of the braking components. Be sure to torque the wheel hub mounting bolts to 100 foot-pounds and the caliper mounting bolts to 25 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and a socket.

    8

    Move to the passenger side front wheel hub and repeat the process to replace the wheel hub assembly. Slide both front wheels onto the hubs and screw the lug nuts on tightly. Jack the front of the GMC K1500 truck up and remove the jack stands. Lower the truck to the ground and remove the jack. Finish tightening all of the lug nuts on the front wheels down tightly with the tire tool.

The Types of Brake Lines

Brake lines are an essential component of your car's brake system. They transfer hydraulic force from your brake pedal and master cylinder to the wheel cylinders that push your brake pads or shoes against the disc or drum to stop your car. Brake lines are comprised of rigid tubing and flexible hoses available in different types of materials.

Rigid Tubing

    Brake systems include rigid metal tubing that carries the brake fluid from the master cylinder to a point near the wheels where the tubing connects to the flexible lines going to each wheel. Most original brake tubing on automobiles and light trucks is made of steel coated with tin or zinc to retard rusting, according to the InlineTube.com website. But despite the coatings, steel tubing exposed to extreme environmental conditions eventually will rust through.

No-Rust Replacements

    Auto parts suppliers for years have offered replacement brake tubing made of rust resistant stainless steel, according to InlineTube. New to the market is brake tubing made of a copper-nickel alloy advertised as rustproof and easier to install than stainless tubing, according to the Copper.com website of the Copper Development Association. This material is being used on some European cars.

Flexible Hoses

    Brake lines include flexible hoses that connect the rigid brake tubing on your car's body to the wheel cylinders. Flexible hoses are required because car wheels turn and move up and down as the car travels, according to the OffRoadWeb.com automotive website. Factory-stock flexible rubber lines are made of rubber-impregnated fabric layers wrapped in an outer sheath of rubber or plastic. This type of line has a long history of reliable service in everyday driving.

Teflon Braided

    Automotive parts suppliers offer an alternative to rubber brake hoses for extreme driving conditions such as racing and off-road use. These high-performance flexible lines are made of a Teflon-based hose protected by inner sheaths of Kevlar and braided stainless steel mesh, covered by an outer plastic sheath, according to OffRoadWeb.com. Teflon hose is better than rubber at resisting extreme pressure and extreme temperature but is fragile against abrasion and punctures, hence the protective sheaths.

How to Bench Bleed a Master Cylinder in a Ford Explorer

The Explorer debuted in 1990 as Ford's mid-size SUV, while the Explorer Sport Trac, a modern yet rugged truck, premiered in 2001. When you replace your Explorer's brake master cylinder, you must bench bleed the new cylinder before installing it. This reduces the chance of spongy brakes caused by air pushed into your brake lines. This takes about 10 minutes and apply to any year Ford Explorer or Explorer Sport Trac.

Instructions

    1

    Remove the old brake master cylinder from your Ford Explorer. It sits prominently on the driver's side of the engine bay near the firewall to the right of the engine. If you're planning on reusing the old brake fluid reservoir, remove it from the cylinder and clean it out well. Make sure to dry it off completely before installing it into your new brake master cylinder.

    2

    Clamp the new Ford Explorer brake master cylinder into a bench vise. If you don't have one of these, you can use a clamp-on vise to secure the cylinder to a work table. Make sure the cylinder is level.

    3

    Find the two fittings that came with your bench bleed kit and screw them into the outlet holes on the master cylinder. If you're not sure what to look for, check the sides and top of the cylinder for threaded outlet holes. Insert the two hoses from the kit into the fittings.

    4

    Bend the hoses up, so the ends sit inside the Ford Explorer's brake fluid reservoir. You may need to cut them to the right length; they should stick about halfway down into the reservoir.

    5

    Pour fresh DOT 3 brake fluid into the reservoir up to the maximum fill line. The tubing will be submersed in the fluid, creating a hydraulic system. Be careful around your SUV or truck when pouring the brake fluid; if any fluid spills on the body, clean it up right away using an old towel with soap and water to prevent paint damage.

    6

    Get your Phillips screwdriver and insert it into the Ford Explorer brake master cylinder. Firmly push the screwdriver against the piston to start pumping the fluid through the unit.

    7

    Keep an eye out for air bubbles going through the system. You'll be able to see them coming out into the brake fluid. If you use clear hoses, this allows you to see the bubbles much easier; however, some brake bleed kits come with black hoses and you may want to buy clear ones instead.

    8

    Pump the piston on the master cylinder until you no longer see bubbles coming out. Leave the hoses where they are and carefully unclamp the vise. Remove the cylinder from the vise and it's ready to install in your Ford Explorer.

Minggu, 23 September 2012

Glass Installation Instructions for a Dodge Ram Charger

A damaged glass window on your Dodge Ram Charger not only detracts from the appearance of your vehicle but also puts your vehicle at risk of being stolen. Replacing a damaged window with new glass is a relatively simple process that should take you about an hour. Pick up the replacement glass and the tools you'll need for the job from your local auto supply store.

Instructions

Replace the Windshield

    1

    Use a sharp bade to cut away the rubber trim found around the edges of the windshield. Make an initial slit in the trim and cut around the window until all of the trim is removed.

    2

    Get into the Ram Charger. Press the windshield out of the frame carefully. Have a helper stand outside to support the windshield.

    3

    Apply a layer of windshield sealant around the edges of the new windshield. Attach a new rubber gasket with the heavy part of the gasket on the inside of the windshield.

    4

    Tie a nylon cord around the outer edge of the windshield. This will help you set the rubber lip of the gasket in place.

    5

    Lift the windshield into the window frame. Press down the edges against the frame to allow a firm seal to set. Pull the nylon cord across the bottom of the windshield to secure the rubber lip.

Replace a Side Window

    6

    Open up the door with the damaged window. Use a Phillips screwdriver to remove the screws securing the door handle and holding the door panel to the frame. Carefully lift the door panel and handle away from the door.

    7

    Move the window as far down into the window frame as it will go. This will make it easier to remove.

    8

    Locate the window regulator below the window frame. The regulator is a metallic cross-shaped device with a horizontal bar at the top that connects to the window.

    9

    Remove the hex bolts fastening the window to the regulator with a hex wrench. Lift the window from the vehicle.

    10

    Insert a new window into the frame. Line up the bolt holes on the bottom of the window with those on the regulator. Secure the bolts with the wrench. Reattach the door panel and door handle by following the removal steps in reverse. Roll up the window to ensure it moves smoothly.

How to Fix a Pitted Windshield

How to Fix a Pitted Windshield

Windshields are hard to repair, regardless of the problem. It takes patience and planning, a thorough understanding of the process involved and a realistic expectation of the outcome. Improvements can be definitely made, but returning damaged glass to like-new quality is highly unlikely. With that in mind, there are several processes that can be used to polish pitted glass. Severely abraded glass should be replaced.

Instructions

    1

    Scrub the windshield with a nylon-bristle brush. Use a liquid dish soap. This will strip any oily residue from the glass and clean the pitted areas of any particles that have been trapped inside them. Rinse the glass with water.

    2

    Put on the safety glasses and gloves. Apply a commercial polishing compound to the glass and polish it using a variable speed drill set on low. Most compounds contain cerium oxide as an abrasive. This removes glass until the surrounding area is level with the pit. As the glass is being removed, some of it will begin to fill the pit and give a false impression that the pit is being repaired. To prevent this, continually flush the area by lightly squeezing a sponge that has been soaked with water to keep the compound damp.

    3

    Scrub the area with a brush and liquid dish soap again to remove the used compound and clean the pitted areas. Dry and inspect the polished area. Apply more compound and polish the area with the drill. Keep the area damp. Do not let the compound become dry, as that could cause unwanted scratches. Continually moisten the area with a small trickle of water from the sponge. Repeat this process until satisfactory results are achieved.

    4

    Clean the glass a final time and apply a rain-repellent formula available at auto parts stores. These fill in small surface imperfections, improve the overall appearance and add enhanced viability. They have the added benefit of repelling water and slowing windshield abrasion.

What Can Break a Windshield?

What Can Break a Windshield?

A broken windshield on your vehicle can be a huge hassle and expense to repair. Every effort should be made to prevent breaking a windshield since the replacement cost for a passenger car's windshield can be as high as $324, according to Cost Helper. Humans, animals and mother nature can all be responsible for breaking a windshield.

Humans

    A human can break a windshield during an automobile collision. Often during a head-on crash the windshield will be broken, shattered or cracked. Humans also break windshield when they're angry. A scorned lover may use a baseball bat or brick to break a windshield. If humans are fighting near a car and one person falls on to a car's hood, it can also break a windshield.

Animals

    When a squirrel, cat, raccoon or other animal falls from a tree, the force could easily break a car's windshield. This can be avoided by parking a vehicle away from trees or in a covered garage.

Mother nature

    A strong wind can easily knock a tree limb down and send it crashing on to a car's windshield. An extreme change in temperature from hot to cold can also cause a crack in a windshield that, if left unfixed, can cause it to break.

Sabtu, 22 September 2012

Windshield Installation Tools Summary

Windshield Installation Tools Summary

Windshields provide an important safety feature in cars. Cracks from thrown rocks or other objects create damage that, if left untreated, can worsen quickly. Cars routinely fail inspection because of damaged windshields, and having windshields replaced is expensive. Purchasing special tools for replacing windshields could help you save money in the long term.

Windshield Urethane

    Windshield urethane provides a high-quality adhesive for attaching new windshields. It protects from leakage, as well. Spread the urethane around the outside edge of the windshield before inserting it into place.

Cut-out Knife

    The blade of a cut-out knife slips under the windshield and slices it off the original sealant. After use, gently tap the windshield from the inside with the palm of your hand to break any remaining seal on the windshield.

Pipe Knife

    Old sealant often hardens at the dash line of the windshield. A pipe knife comes with a long handle --- as long as 13 inches --- to help reach these hardened places.

Molding Release Tool

    The molding release tool lays flat on the glass when used. It trims moldings from around bonded windshields and rear windows.

Nylon Rope

    Nylon rope lies in the nook area where the bottom of the new windshield will rest. As it is placed over the new sealant, pull the rope out as the windshield gets fitted into place.

Suction Brackets

    Suction Brackets are placed on the windshield from the outside to remove the windshield once all the moldings and sealants have been cut. A helper from inside the car gently presses the windshield with open palms while the other person uses the suction brackets from the outside.

How to Replace Brakes on a Nissan Pathfinder

How to Replace Brakes on a Nissan Pathfinder

By the time your Nissan Pathfinder truck reaches 60,000 miles, there's a good chance you need to replace the brakes. If you drive it under conditions that make you slam those brakes frequently, you may need to change them sooner. In the case of a Pathfinder, it's possible to change the brakes without completely removing the brake caliper, making the process a bit simpler. The process might differ a bit depending on the year of the truck, so check with your mechanic.

Instructions

Removal

    1

    Siphon two-thirds of the brake fluid out of the master cylinder reservoir using a siphon pump or clean, unused turkey baster. Leave the cap off the reservoir.

    2

    Raise the truck's front end and support it on jack stands, then remove both front wheels using the tire iron.

    3

    Wash off the brake assembly with an aerosol brake cleaner and wait for it to dry, using a drip pan to catch any residue.

    4

    Compress both pistons in the caliper using a C-clamp. The pistons are accessible through the arcs on the sides of the caliper. Watch the master cylinder's fluid level and make sure it doesn't overflow.

    5

    Remove the lower mounting bolt for the caliper using a flare-nut wrench--the bolt head should be at the rear of the caliper--and swing the caliper upward.

    6

    Pull both brake pads out of the caliper mounting bracket, starting with the inner pad. Remove the shims from the backs of the pads.

    7

    Remove the retainers from the ends of the mounting bracket.

Installation

    8

    Apply anti-squeal compound to the backing plates of both replacement brake pads--a horizontal line of compound along the middle with about an inch of clearance from the edges is enough. Connect the shims to the pads; they should clip onto the backing plates.

    9

    Reinstall the pad retainers onto the upper and lower ends of the caliper mounting bracket, then install the replacement pads, starting with the inner pad.

    10

    Remove the slide pin that contained the lower mounting bolt in the caliper mounting bracket and clean it, then coat the pin with high temperature grease. Install the pin back into the bracket.

    11

    Swing the brake caliper back down onto the bracket and over the brake pads, then insert and tighten the mounting bolt.

    12

    Reconnect the wheels to the truck and lower it off the jack stands once you change the pads for both wheels.

    13

    Fill the master cylinder reservoir with fresh fluid using the same siphon tool you removed the old fluid with.

    14

    Press the brake pedal several times until it feels firm, thus seating the brake pads.

How to Remove Decal Stickum From a Car Window

People place decals in their car windows for many reasons such as supporting their children's sports teams or advertising a business. The process of removing decal stickum from a car window can be easy depending on the type of stickum used.

Instructions

    1

    Determine whether the decal comes off by simply peeling it from the car window. If the sticker hasn't been on for too long, you can usually peel it off easily.

    2

    Wet the window decal and let it moisten for a couple of minutes. Then scrape away at the sticker using a razor, scraper or putty knife.

    3

    Use plain white vinegar instead of water if the car decal is resistant. Moisten the decal with white vinegar, then scrape away at the sticker again using your sharp instrument. Continue to add vinegar as needed to keep it wet while you scrape.

    4

    Heat the decal with a hair dryer if it's still stuck. Use the low heat setting on the hair dryer and place it only a couple of inches away from the sticker. While using the hair dryer, use another hand to peel off the sticker.

    5

    Purchase a commercial solution such as WD-40 if all the other natural methods fail to remove the car decal. Spray the car decal with the solution, and you should be able to remove it easily by hand or with help from your razor, scraper or putty knife.

My Jeep Grand Cherokee Windows Won't Work

If the windows on your Jeep Cherokee stop working correctly it is most likely a problem with either the window regulator itself or the regulator motor. To access the problem you will first need to gain access to the window regulator to see if it is merely a disconnected wire or if the regulator is damaged and requires replacement. You can pick up a replacement window regulator from your local auto store.

Instructions

    1

    Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to remove the screws from the inner door panel of your vehicle. Lift the door panel carefully away from the door. Unhook all of the wiring which is connected to the door panel with your hands.

    2

    Unscrew the mounting screws which are fixed to the stereo speakers on the door. Pull the speakers away from the door. Unhook the electrical connector on the back of the speaker and fully remove it from the door.

    3

    Disconnect the glass from the door by removing the bolts which connect the window to the window regulator. Place something solid underneath the window to stop it from falling down and breaking.

    4

    Check to make sure the electrical wire from the motor is connected to the regulator correctly. If it is connected then you need to disconnect it and replace the regulator. Remove the connector with your hand. Use a wrench to remove the mounting bolts and lift the regulator out of the vehicle.

    5

    Place a new window regulator in to the door and fix in place with the mounting bolts.Align the window with the window regulator and secure them both together with the bolts. Reconnect the electrical connector from the motor to the regulator. Reattach the door assembly by following the removal steps in reverse.

Jumat, 21 September 2012

How to Fix F150 Squeaky Parking Brakes

How to Fix F150 Squeaky Parking Brakes

When applied, the job of the parking brake on a Ford F150 is to hold the truck still when sitting on an incline. If you dont apply the parking brake regularly, contamination such as rust and brake dust can build up, causing the components to stick. This leads to unwanted noises, such as squeaks, squeals and groans. However, if you have a modicum of automotive repair skill, you can remedy this situation in about an hour.

Instructions

    1

    Chock the right-front wheel. Turn the lug nuts on the left-rear wheel counterclockwise with the lug wrench until theyre loose enough to remove by hand, but dont remove them yet.

    2

    Lift the left-rear of the F150 with the floor jack, place a jack stand under the left side of the rear axle near the leaf spring perch, and lower the truck onto the jack stand. Remove the left-rear lug nuts and wheel by hand.

    3

    Place the drop pan under the left-rear brake assembly, and rinse the brakes thoroughly with the brake cleaner. Unbolt the brake caliper from the caliper bracket with the socket set, and lift the caliper out of the bracket by hand.

    4

    Support the brake caliper on the left-rear leaf spring, making sure it doesnt hang from the brake line. Pull the brake rotor off the hub by hand. If the rotor doesnt pull off easily, strike it in the hat area, between the wheel studs with the dead blow hammer, and then pull it off.

    5

    Clean the parking brake shoes, return springs and the inside of the brake rotor hat thoroughly with brake cleaner to remove all the built-up brake dust, road dirt and other foreign material.

    6

    Reassemble the brakes in reverse of how you disassembled them. Reinstall the left-rear wheel and lug nuts by hand. Lower the F150 off the jack stand, and then tighten the lug nuts to 140 foot-pounds using the torque wrench.

How to Install an ABS Relay in a Nissan Maxima

To ensure proper braking, you have to change the ABS relay in your Nissan Maxima when the ABS warning light is lit on the driver control panel display. It is usually impossible to stop a car that has a malfunctioning ABS relay as the relay controls the entire anti-lock brake system.

Instructions

    1

    Park the Maxima and set the parking brake. Open the hood and secure it using the safety bar. Disconnect the black negative battery cable by loosening the nut on the clamp around the battery post using an adjustable wrench. Pull it up and set it away from the battery.

    2

    Remove the quarter panel trim under the steering wheel by unscrewing the screws on both sides of the panel with a Phillips screwdriver. Look for the black protective box marked ABS. Remove this protective box by unbolting the four bolts using a 8mm hex socket. You should see the black relay.

    3

    Unplug the wiring harness from the bottom of the relay by pressing the buttons on the side of the harness. Gently pull down on the harness while you are pressing the buttons. Once this is disconnected, remove the four mounting fasteners using a 8mm hex socket.

    4

    Place the new ABS relay in the place from which you just removed the malfunctioning relay. Secure it by replacing the mounting fasteners. Tighten them with the socket. Plug the wiring harness into the bottom of the relay. Replace the protective box and secure it by replacing the bolts. Replace the quarter panel trim and tighten the screws.

    5

    Connect the negative battery cable. Tighten the nut on the clamp. Close the hood.

    6

    Start the car. Look for the ABS warning light. If it remains off, test drive your car by driving slowly and trying to stop. If it comes on, you should take your car to a mechanic to service the system.

How to Install New Windshield Glass

How to Install New Windshield Glass

Installing new windshield glass is necessary if your car windshield has been cracked or shattered. A damaged windshield is not only an eyesore, it's also a visual impairment that can compromise the safety of the driver and the passengers. According to AutoMedia.Com, windshield cracks which obstruct vision are illegal in many states and can result in the driver receiving a citation. Carsdirect.com cautions that windshields should only be installed by individuals with experience in glass installation because windshields are important devices that can cause serious injury if not installed properly.

Instructions

Preparation

    1

    Slide a trim remover, which is a tool resembling a screwdriver and a pry bar, gently across the black trim area of the windshield until you locate the clip that holds the windshield in place. Hold the trim in place with the trim remover and use a utility knife to carefully cut the first layer of trim. Once the first layer is removed, cut away the second layer in the same manner.

    2

    Lift the windshield wipers from the wiper arms to remove them, then gently scrape the adhesive material from under the windshield using a chisel.

    3

    Pull the windshield forward using a plastic windshield stick, then remove all clips from the windshield. Allow the windshield to rest in the opening.

    4

    Place suction brackets on the windshield to protect the windshield from shattering, and carefully remove the windshield from the car.

Installation

    5

    Clean the windshield mounting surface on the car thoroughly by using a chisel and a cloth to remove any debris.

    6

    Apply a bead of urethane primer with a caulking gun to the windshield mounting surface.

    7

    Scuff the mounting surface on the new windshield using sandpaper, then apply a bead of urethane primer with a caulking gun all around the entire new windshield mounting surface.

    8

    Place suction brackets on the new windshield and carefully lift the windshield onto the car. Slide the new windshield carefully into the windshield mounting surface, applying gentle pressure to adhere the new windshield to the urethane primer.

    9

    Check that there are no gaps between the windshield and mounting surface, then remove any excess primer using a cloth.

    10

    Press the trim back into place over the new windshield using your hands or a rubber mallet, then reattach the windshield wipers to the wiper arms.

    11

    Apply flow-grade butyl sealant to the new windshield and cover the area with masking tape. Clean the new windshield thoroughly using glass cleaner and a cloth.

    12

    Wait several hours until the sealant cures before removing the masking tape or driving the car.

Kamis, 20 September 2012

Infiniti Brake Problems

Infiniti Brake Problems

On November 7, 2003, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Nissan North America, Inc. issued a safety recall of 24,300 Infiniti 2003 Models FX35 and FX45 due to potentially dangerous brake problems. Registered vehicle owners should have been notified by mail about the recall.

Manufacturing Defect

    According to the NHTSA and Nissan, the recalled Infiniti SUVs may have a manufacturing defect that could lead to brake problems. It is possible that the front brake caliper mounting bolts were not sufficiently tightened, which could cause them to loosen.

Potential Dangers

    A loosened caliper mounting bolt would allow the caliper to rotate or separate from its mounting bracket, causing the brake to fail. One danger is that the vehicle might not be able to stop when the driver steps on the brake. The other possibility is potential damage to the wheel, which could cause a flat tire. A sudden flat tire could cause a serious accident.

Remedy

    In recalled vehicles, dealers need to tighten the front brake caliper mounting bolts to make sure they are secure. Per the NHTSA, Nissan began notifying registered vehicle owners of the recall on January 5, 2004. Concerned Infiniti owners may contact Infiniti or the NHTSA to verify whether their vehicles may be affected.

How to Change the Rear Brakes on a 1998 Toyota Camry

How to Change the Rear Brakes on a 1998 Toyota Camry

Changing the rear brakes on your Camry can be done in one hour with a few simple tools. Damage to the rear brakes often happens when you consistently overload the back seat or trunk. Other signs of rear brake damage include grinding, squealing or the car jerking forward when you apply the brakes. When attempting your own auto repairs, always use proper safety procedures. Dispose of your old brake pads at your local recycling center.

Instructions

Camry Rear Brake Removal

    1

    Pop the center cap off of the rim, and set it safely to the side. Loosen each of the lug nuts on the rim. Dont remove them; only slightly loosen them with your lug wrench.

    2

    Raise the car with the car jack. The bottom of the tire should be at least 8 inches off the ground. Slide the jack stand into position on the left side of the car jack. Raise the jack stand to the same height as the car jack, and return the locking pin to secure its position.

    3

    Remove each of the lug nuts from the tires rim, and place them with the center cap. Before removing the final lug nut, hold the tire in its position to support it. Carefully slide the tire off the hub assembly, and move it to the side of your work area.

    4

    Remove the two caliper bolts securing the caliper unit with the socket wrench. The bolts are on the inner left and right sides of the caliper unit.

    5

    Slide the 5-gallon bucket near your work area, just outside of the wheel well. Using both hands, slowly remove the caliper unit, and set it down on the bucket.

    6

    Remove the support plates, anti-squeal shims and brakes by sliding them out of the caliper unit on both sides. Keep the shims and support plates for each side of the caliper unit together. This will help you remember which is for the inner and outer brakes.

Installing the Rear Brakes

    7

    Check the new brakes to make sure they arent damaged in any way. Inspect the rear rotor as well for any signs of damage while you have the caliper unit off.

    8

    Lift the hood of the Camry, and remove the top on the brake-fluid master cylinder. Use the piston driver to slowly rotate the caliper units piston clockwise until it is completely down. You should feel it lock in place when it has reached the bottom of the bore.

    9

    Slide the brakes, anti-squeal shims and support plates back into position on both sides of the caliper unit.

    10

    Slowly ease the caliper unit back on the rotor. Start each of the caliper bolts by hand to ensure proper threading. Set the torque wrench to 14 pounds-feet, and completely tighten both caliper bolts.

    11

    Slide the tire back into position on the hub. Start each lug nut by hand, then tighten them in a star pattern until secured. Remove the jack stand, and lower the Camry to the ground. Check each lug nut to make sure they are all completely secured. Put the center cap back on the cars rim. Check the brake-fluid level before returning the top to the brake-fluid master cylinder. Start the car, and pump the brakes a few times. When you feel the brake pedal stiffen, stop pumping. This procedure works for changing both passenger-side and driver's side rear brakes on a 1998 Toyota Camry.

G6 Brake Issues

G6 Brake Issues

The Pontiac G6 is a stylish car that can be purchased as a sedan, a coupe or a convertible. Made from 2005 to 2009, its sleek exterior gives it a sporty, yet sophisticated look. Despite its relative popularity, the G6 is no longer in production, as the Pontiac brand is phased out altogether. However, those with older versions of this car should be aware of the known brake issues the G6 has come under fire for.

Brake Lights

    Faulty brake lights send conflicting signals to following drivers about stops.
    Faulty brake lights send conflicting signals to following drivers about stops.

    In February 2009, General Motors (GM) recalled 8,012 G6 vehicles due to faulty wiring in the brake lamps. The wiring connector could potentially experience corrosion, causing the brake lights to work improperly. This corrosion would make the brake lights illuminate when the brake was not applied, or not illuminate when the brakes were depressed. The corrosion also caused issues with shifting and cruise control.

Brake Rotor

    Warped brake rotors may make applying brakes more difficult.
    Warped brake rotors may make applying brakes more difficult.

    A common complaint about the G6 was the brake rotor warping. The rotors would warp and either need to be re-machined or replaced entirely, often around the 15,000-mile mark. Several reports state that the shaking sensation caused by these warped rotors are noticeable when applying the brake at higher speeds.

Transmission

    This recall took place in March of 2009.
    This recall took place in March of 2009.

    While the transmission is technically not a brake, the recall of 2005 and 2006 G6 had to do with the transmission braking effect. Some of the 276,729 vehicles recalled had a transmission shift cable adjustment clip that was not fully engaged. As a result, the driver could move the shifter to "park" and remove the ignition key, but the car would not actually be in a parked condition. This could prevent the car from being able to restart, or worse, cause it to roll once the driver left the vehicle, causing a crash.

DIY Car Glass

DIY Car Glass

Not much compares to the shock and anguish of having a rock or other projectile hit and chip your windshield. Chips are among the most common windshield damage problems. Before the chip forms into a crack, you can fix it with a simple windshield chip repair kit. This job is best done in the sunlight because the sun helps cure the repair compound after you have eliminated the chip.

Instructions

    1

    Clean the damaged area with glass cleaner. Let it completely dry; this takes roughly 10 minutes, depending on the temperature. Place a towel or rag under the damaged area to ensure you don't spill any repair compound onto the paint.

    2

    Push the hole out of your adhesive disc. The hole should already be started by the manufacturer, so the hole can be made easily by simply pushing out the plastic in the center. Peel off the backing and press it against the glass. Position the hole over the damaged area. Point the tab up.

    3

    Peel off the backing from the top side of the disc. Press the pedestal onto it. Ensure the tabs align at the top.

    4

    Pull the cap off the syringe. Insert it into the pedestal. Twist the syringe until it is seated. Pull the plunger to suck out the air. Hold it there for a moment then push in to force your compound into the crack. Repeat 10 times.

    5

    Allow the windshield to sit in the sun for at least 30 minutes to cure the compound. Enter your vehicle and check for any air bubbles. Repeat the process if necessary.

    6

    Remove the syringe. Cut the disc and pedestal with a knife and wipe off any remaining compound.

How to Replace Brake Lights on a Ford

Like every other type of light, brake lights don't last forever. Replacing them on an automobile such as a Ford can seem daunting. Fortunately brake lights, unlike brakes themselves, can be replaced on Fords quickly and easily.

Instructions

Replace the Brake Light in a Ford Car

    1

    Locate the brake light assembly. This is found in the trunk of the car, and you will need to pull aside the lining of the trunk to access it.

    2

    Loosen and remove the three nuts that connect the brake light assembly to the rear lamp mounting studs.

    3

    Remove the brake light assembly by pulling it out of the Ford body. Avoid scraping it against the sides, as it will damage the paint.

    4

    Grasp the light bulb socket and twist it counterclockwise until the socket can be removed from the assembly. Be sure not to use excessive force when twisting the socket to avoid damaging it or breaking the light bulb.

    5

    Pull the light bulb out of the brake light socket. The brake light bulb for a Ford does not have a thread on its base, so it does not require being twisted out.

    6

    Replace the light bulb with one of the same wattage. Push it in gently but firmly.

    7

    Twist the socket back into the brake light assembly. The socket has an indexing tab on it that must be lined up with the corresponding slot on the brake light assembly, and turning the socket clockwise will lock it into position.

    8

    Replace the brake light assembly in its housing. Place the nuts onto the mounting studs and tighten them. Replace the trunk lining and close the trunk.

    9

    Understand that each Ford car has subtle differences. Before removing the brake light assembly on each car, take the time to examine how it is held in place and what tools will be required to remove it.

Replace Brake Lights on a Ford Pickup Truck

    10

    Open the tailgate of the pickup truck. This will reveal the compartments in which the brake light assemblies are stored, each of which is kept in place by two screws.

    11

    Loosen and remove the screws keeping the brake light assembly in place. Put the screws in a safe area to prevent loss.

    12

    Pull out the brake light assembly. Be sure to avoid pulling the assembly out at an angle in order to avoid scratching the paint, an error which will be more obvious on a pickup truck than in the trunk of a car.

    13

    Twist the light bulb socket located in the brake light assembly counterclockwise in order to remove it. Then grasp the light bulb and pull it out. Since the light bulb does not have threads, unscrewing it is not necessary.

    14

    Replace the light bulb with one that has the same wattage. Push it into the socket firmly but without using excessive force.

    15

    Place the socket into the brake light assembly. Figure out how to line up the socket tab with the corresponding slot in the brake light assembly and then twist it clockwise until the socket locks in place.

    16

    Replace the brake light assembly in the pickup truck body. Insert the screws into their connecting holes and tighten them.

    17

    Close the tailgate.

How to Repair the Rear Drum Brake in a 2002 Ford Ranger

How to Repair the Rear Drum Brake in a 2002 Ford Ranger

The 2002 Ford Ranger was available in both two-wheel and four-wheel drive formats. The 2002 Ranger had a 2.3-liter in-line four-cylinder engine in the base model, with a 3.0-liter V-6 and a 4.0-liter V-6 as optional engines. The rear drum brakes on the 2002 Ranger are 9 inch or 10 inch drum brakes, depending upon the model of the Ranger you are working on. Replacing all springs and hardware with the rear drum brakes is recommended.

Instructions

Replacing the Brake Shoes

    1

    Loosen the rear wheel lug nuts on the Ranger, using a tire iron. Raise the rear of the Ranger with a jack. Place jack stands at both ends of the axle housing, about six inches in from the wheels. Allow yourself easy access to the rear of the brake housing. Set the truck onto the jack stands. Remove the lug nuts completely, then remove the rear wheels from the truck. Remove the spring clips from the face of both drums, using pliers.

    2

    Remove the brake drum from one side of the truck by hand. Pull the rubber stopper off the brake backing plate with a flathead screwdriver if you cannot get the drum off by hand. Insert the screwdriver into the hole in the backing plate and adjust the parking brake self adjuster downward. This will retract the pressure on the brake shoes inside the drum. Hit the drum on the forward facing and rearward facing sides to loosen the shoes from the sides of the drum. Pull the rear drum off by hand.

    3

    Spray the entire brake shoe and hardware system with aerosol brake cleaner, to remove preliminary dust so that you can inspect the rear brakes thoroughly. Spray the inside of the brake drum thoroughly with brake cleaner, then place the drum out of your work area with the open face of the drum downward.

    4

    Remove the two upper brake shoe retracting springs, using a brake spring hook tool. Disconnect the brake shoe adjuster lever cable from between the bottom of the adjuster lever, using the spring tool. Remove the cable from the top post of the brake assembly, then remove the small crescent moon shaped guide from the reward brake shoe by hand. Remove the adjuster lever return spring from the forward mounted shoe and the adjuster lever, with the spring hook tool. Remove the brake adjuster lever assembly.

    5

    Remove the brake shoe anchor pin from the rearward shoe, using pliers if needed. Remove the strut bar from between the upper portion of the two shoes. Remove the adjuster wheel from between the bottom portion of the two shoes. Remove the brake shoe hold down springs, using the circular brake spring tool. Turn the spring cap on the outer face of the spring with the tool, while holding the pin stationary from behind the backing plate with your finger. Remove the cap and spring once the cap releases from the pin, then remove the pin.

    6

    Remove the forward mounted brake shoe completely. Remove the rearward mounted brake shoe with one hand, and twist the shoe to release it from the parking brake lever.

    7

    Inspect the wheel cylinder at the top of the brake assembly. If the rubber seals are cracked or leaking, the cylinder needs to be replaced. Follow the instructions in the section titled "Replacing the Wheel Cylinder" to replace the wheel cylinders. If the wheel cylinders are good, continue to Step 8 of this section.

    8

    Insert the new rearward brake shoe onto the parking brake lever by depressing the lever spring halfway with pliers, then inserting and locking the shoe in place. The rearward shoe is the shoe with the longer brake lining. Set the rear shoe against the backing plate and insert the new hold down pin from behind the plate through the new shoe.

    9

    Inert the new hold down spring and cap. Turn the cap with your circular brake tool while holding the pin with your finger. When the pin and cap make a "+" symbol, the cap is securely locked onto the pin. Install the forward mounted brake shoe with the shorter lining, and install the hold down pin, spring and cap in the same manner.

    10

    Install the parking brake spring onto the strut. Insert the strut between the two upper ends of the brake shoes. Install the rear shoe anchor pin and lock it in place with a new clip, using a flathead screwdriver. Install the guide plate onto the upper shoe assembly post, and install the adjuster lever guide onto the rearward shoe. Install the adjuster lever cable onto the upper post with the crimped side facing the backing plate. Pull the cable over the cable guide on the rearward shoe.

    11

    Install the two upper retracting springs onto the post and the shoes, using the spring hook tool. The shorter spring goes to the forward mounted shoe. Separate the adjuster screw into two pieces by unscrewing the starred end from the cap. Place grease onto the threads of the screw, then connect the two parts back together with a screwing motion. Insert the adjuster wheel between the two shoes, with the starred end of the wheel toward the rear.

    12

    Install the adjuster lever onto the brake Install the adjuster cable onto the adjuster lever. Install the adjuster lever spring between the forward brake shoe and the adjuster lever.

    13

    Inspect the inner sides of the brake drum. If the sides are visibly pitted, rusted or warped, replace the brake drum. Measure the opening on the brake drum. If the opening is more than 9 1/16 inches wide on a 9 inch brake drum, replace the drum. If the opening is more than 10 1/16 inches wide on a 10 inch drum, replace the drum. Install the brake drum onto the rear of the Ranger.

    14

    Repeat steps 2 through 14 to complete the shoe replacement on the second side of the Ranger. Install the rear wheels and tighten the lug nuts snug, with a ratchet and socket. Spin the rear wheels by hand. If the wheel makes more than one complete rotation, the brakes are under adjusted. If the wheel makes less than one rotation, the brakes are over-adjusted. Use the self adjuster with a flathead screwdriver, to adjust the brakes correctly.

    15

    Raise the truck off of the jack stands, then remove the stands from beneath the Ranger. Lower the truck to the ground, and tighten the rear wheel lug nuts to 100 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and wheel nut socket.

Replacing the Wheel Cylinder

    16

    Loosen the fitting securing the brake line, using a line wrench, then pull the brake line gently inward off of the wheel cylinder. Remove the two wheel cylinder hold down bolts with a ratchet and socket. Pull the wheel cylinder completely off of the brake assembly.

    17

    Clean the area where the cylinder was located with aerosol brake cleaner. Install the new wheel cylinder onto the backing plate. Install the mounting bolts from behind, and start tightening the bolts with your fingers to ensure that you do not cross thread the bolts. Tighten the bolts to between 9 and 13 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and socket. Install the brake line and hand-thread its fitting. Tighten the brake line fitting to between 11 and 14 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and crow's foot attachment.

    18

    Continue to Step 8 of the section titled "Replacing the Brake Shoes" to complete the brake shoe replacement. Proceed to the section titled "Bleeding the Rear Brakes" after the brakes have been installed but before you install the rear wheels.

Bleeding the Rear Brakes

    19

    Open the hood. Inspect the brake fluid reservoir and add brake fluid if needed.

    20

    Position a drain pan under the right wheel cylinder's bleeder valve. Ask your assistant to press and hold the brake pedal to the floor of the truck. Open the bleeder screw on the back of the right side wheel cylinder, with a line wrench. Allow air to escape the line, then tighten the bleeder screw snug. Ask your assistant to release the brake pedal and allow it to travel back up to its top position. Repeat this step three times to remove the large volume air pockets from the brake lines, then move the drain pan under the left wheel cylinder and repeat this step for the left wheel cylinder.

    21

    Check the brake fluid reservoir under the hood of the truck. Add brake fluid if needed.

    22

    Ask your assistant to pump the brake pedal slowly, until the pedal is stiff. Tell your assistant to hold the weight of his foot on the pedal and follow it to the floor of the truck. Position the drain pan under the right wheel cylinder. Open the bleeder screw on the right wheel cylinder and let air and brake fluid escape the line. Close the bleeder screw when the pressure is depleted. Repeat this step on the right wheel until the brake pedal gets stiff and has no travel toward the floor of the truck, then move the drain pan under the left wheel cylinder and repeat this entire step on the left wheel cylinder.

    23

    Check and top off the brake fluid reservoir if needed. Continue to Step 14 of Section 1 to finish the installation process.

Rabu, 19 September 2012

How to Refinish Auto Windshields

When auto windshields develop scratches or swirl marks, the only way to refinish the windshield is to polish the glass. By polishing the glass, you can remove the scratches, swirls, or other marks or embedded materials. However, you can't use just any polishing compound. You'll need a polish specifically made for smoothing out glass surfaces. Many companies sell glass polish, but if you stick with a trusted name in the auto detailing industry -- like Eastwood polish -- you can achieve predictable, consistent results.

Instructions

    1

    Clean the glass you will be working on with soap and water. Then, dry the glass with a clean, lint-free towel.

    2

    Apply a liberal amount of glass polish to the surface of the glass where the scratch or swirl marks are.

    3

    Rub the buffer across the scratch without the power on. As you work the buffer across the scratched surface, turn the buffer on the lowest setting and gradually increase the orbital speed.

    4

    Work the polishing compound into the glass, but do not apply pressure to the buffer. Let the polish do the work. Stop when the scratches or swirl marks have disappeared.

    5

    Clean the surface of the glass with soap and water again and dry the area with a lint-free towel.

Selasa, 18 September 2012

How to Change Mondeo Brake Pads

The Ford Mondeo uses a hydraulic caliper braking system that must be maintained to operate properly. The brake pads are a routine maintenance item and are designed to wear out of material and alert the driver when they require replacement. The average backyard mechanic can replace a set of Mondeo pads in about an hour.

Instructions

    1

    Raise the vehicle at the brake to be repaired by placing the floor jack on the frame rail near the wheel well, then pumping the lever until the wheel is off of the ground.

    2

    Remove the wheel by turning the lug nuts in a counterclockwise direction. Set the wheel aside.

    3

    Remove the caliper by turning the twin caliper mount bolts at the back in a counterclockwise direction, then sliding the unit off of the rotor. Disconnect the ABS wiring harness adapter, if applicable, by pulling the plug apart after disengaging the catch with a fingernail.

    4

    Pull the pads free of the caliper pistons and replace them with new units. The pads are held in with small metal clips on some models, but most are not connected and will come right out. Debris or dust could cause the pads to be stuck to the piston; pry them loose with a screwdriver if necessary.

    5

    Replace the caliper by sliding it back onto the rotor, then turning the rear mount bolts clockwise. Reconnect the ABS system to the caliper by pressing the plugs together until a click is heard, if applicable.

    6

    Replace the wheel and turn the lug nuts clockwise, in an alternating pattern, until snug.

    7

    Lower the Mondeo to the ground and remove the floor jack. Tighten the lug nuts once more.

    8

    Repeat the entire process on the remaining brakes.

How to Replace the Brake Pads on a '98 Plymouth Breeze

How to Replace the Brake Pads on a '98 Plymouth Breeze

The 1998 Plymouth Breeze comes equipped with brake pads on the front wheels and brake shoes on the rear wheels. The Plymouth Breeze is able to come to a safe and secure stop by applying the brake pads to the sides of the brake rotors. This process happens when the driver applies the brake pedal. The cylinder inside of the brake caliper compresses the inboard and outboard brake pads to the inner and outer sides of the brake rotor as the wheels are turning. The friction from the pads against the rotor is what stops the 1998 Plymouth Breeze.

Instructions

    1

    Drive the 1998 Plymouth Breeze to a safe work area with a level surface and turn off the engine.

    2

    Loosen each lug nut from the front wheels with a lug nut tool, but do not remove the lug nuts.

    3

    Walk around the car to make sure the ground is level all the way around the car. Then, jack up the front of the Plymouth Breeze. As soon as the front end of the car is up high enough, place the two safety stands under the front side rails on both sides of the Breeze. Position the safety stands close to the front wheel compartments so that each safety stand can evenly hold the weight of the 1998 Plymouth Breeze. Lower the car to the safety stands and leave the floor jack upright.

    4

    Take off the lug nuts with the lug nut tool and place on the surface near the working area. Pull the wheels off and place them flat down.

    5

    Locate the slide pin bolts on the back of the brake caliper on the driver's side. There are two slide pin bolts that hold the caliper to the bracket. Remove both of the slide pin bolts by turning the bolts counterclockwise with the ratchet and a metric socket. Pull the bolts out of the back of the caliper and place them on the surface near the work area.

    6

    Slide the caliper off the brake rotor. If the caliper is stuck or tight, use the small pry bar to pry the top and bottom sections of the brake caliper off the brake rotor. Slide the pry bar between the caliper housing and the brake rotor. Pry the caliper back and forth until it is loose.

    7

    Hang the brake caliper to the steering knuckle located behind the wheel hub assembly with mechanics wire or a bungee strap. This will keep the caliper away from the brake fluid line.

    8

    Remove the brake pads from the caliper by unscrewing the small set bolts on each end. Unscrew with the ratchet and a small metric socket.

    9

    Pull the old brake pads out of the caliper. Then slide the C-clamp inside of the caliper with the adjustable rod facing the caliper cylinder. Turn the C-clamp clockwise to compress the caliper cylinder until it is flush with the cylinder housing. Remove the C-clamp.

    10

    Position the new brake pads in the caliper. Line up the new brake pads up with the set bolts, then tighten the bolts tight so that the brake pads are secured to the inside of the caliper. Remove the wire from the caliper and slide it back onto the side of the rotor. Screw the slide pin bolts back into the rear of the caliper and tighten with the ratchet and socket. Put the tire back on with the lug nuts and tighten the lug nuts.

    11

    Now replace the brake pads on the passenger's side, repeating the steps above. When completed, jack up the front end of the car and pull the safety stands out. Lower the Plymouth Breeze and slide out the jack.

    12

    Crank the engine and depress the brake pedal a few times. This positions the new brake pads the proper distance from the sides of the brake rotor. Turn off the engine.