Jumat, 31 Agustus 2012

How to Change the Rear Brakes on a 1997 Ford T-Bird

How to Change the Rear Brakes on a 1997 Ford T-Bird

Are your T-Bird brakes squealing, grinding or stopping abruptly? If you experience any of these symptoms or if your brakes are not working at all, it is likely time to change your brake pads. Brakes are not that hard to take care of at home. To replace the rear brakes on a 1997 Ford T-Bird can take a savvy do-it-yourselfer less than an hour.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the rear tires with the tire iron. Place the wood blocks in front of the front tires and make sure the car is in park and on a level surface.

    2

    Set the jack underneath the support strut along the outer edge of the underside of the car. Raise the T-Bird so the rear tires come off the ground. Set the jack stands underneath the rear axle of the car, and lower the car onto the stands. Remove the loosened lug nuts and take the wheels off the axle hub.

    3

    Unbolt the brake caliper mounting bracket from the rotor using the socket wrench. Once the bracket is unbolted, hang it in the wheel well using twine or wire to prevent any strain on the brake line.

    4

    Slide the brake pads out of the mounting bracket.

    5

    Clamp the C-clamp onto the brake caliper, in the center of the bracket. Compress the caliper until it is flush with the bracket base. If the caliper does not compress and it has a groove running across it, you will need to use a special brake caliper compression tool. In some case, you'll need a special tool to screw the caliper back into the bracket. This tool can be rented from many auto parts stores.

    6

    Install the new brake pads into the slots where the old ones were.

    7

    Bolt the mounting bracket back onto the rotor. Set the wheel back on the wheel hub and finger tighten all of the lugs, making sure that the tire stays straight.

    8

    Change the brake pads on the other side, repeating steps 2 through 7. Lower the car to the ground.

How to Repair a Windshield Star

How to Repair a Windshield Star

If you have noticed a small, star-like crack on your windshield, you might be worried that the entire windshield needs to be replaced. In many cases, however, this type of crack can be repaired with a windshield repair kit. By using one of these kits and taking some other basic measures, you can repair the windshield star yourself, saving time and money.

Instructions

    1

    Clean the windshield thoroughly. Use a razor blade to remove any glass chips, and scrape away any residue from the surface. Mix three parts vinegar to one part water in a container and use this solution to clean the windshield with a sponge or rag. Dry the surface before continuing.

    2

    Measure the size of the windshield star, including the length and number of "rays" extending out from the center of the star.

    3

    Purchase a windshield repair kit if the crack contains no more than two rays that are a half-inch or shorter in length. If the crack is larger, consult a professional to determine if the crack can be repaired.

    4

    Apply the repair adhesive according to the manufacturer's instructions in the kit. The directions vary by kit, but will most will likely involve injecting the adhesive with a syringe and sucking the air out of the crack.

    5

    Let the adhesive fully cure and dry, then use the razor blade to shave off any ragged edges or bubbles.

How to Install Replacement Auto Windows

How to Install Replacement Auto Windows

Shattered auto glass can be hazardous on the road, and the replacement of it can be a do-it-yourself job. Doing it yourself can keep you from spending extra money on professional repair services. First contact your vehicle's manufacturer to buy replacement glass best suited for your car's make and model. Then gather the necessary tools, including safety wear, before attempting to replace glass. Refer to your car's owner's manual before replacing the glass to get details on replacing your car's auto glass.

Instructions

    1

    Contact the manufacturer of your vehicle to order a replacement window that fits the car's specifications. You might also order the window through a specialty auto glass shop or through your make's local dealer.

    2

    Remove the door panel and anything connected to it. Use a large Phillips screwdriver to unscrew any screws which secure the arm rest, and factory speakers. Roll the window midway down before uninstalling the window crank (for easier removal if you want to remove intact glass). Be sure to wear safety glasses and utility gloves to protect yourself from broken glass.

    3

    Use a flat-head screwdriver or putty knife to pry up the fasteners, the button-like grommets which attach themselves to the panel and into the door holes. Pop the grommets from their holes by sliding the screwdriver underneath it. Be careful to not use too much force and destroy the grommet's delicate knobs.

    4

    Gently remove the weatherproofing shield --- the black adhesive strip that lines the frame --- by hand. Use an emergency auto window tool, as directed on product label, to safely and efficiently break the glass. If using a standard hammer, break the glass from inside the vehicle so that the shards fall out and onto the ground. If you coat the glass with a layer of duct tape, it can be removed more easily when shattered.

    5

    Remove glass shards from the frame, if any. Use a hand vacuum to remove glass pieces that may have fallen inside the panel through the window crank opening.

    6

    To remove glass that is still intact, simply slide the glass up from outside of the vehicle at its midway point with both hands. Carefully bend the glass as it nears the top of the window frame, pulling it completely out from its slot.

    7

    Remove the clip inside the window crank threshold (which is a large hole found inside the center of the door) by prying its bolt off with an adjustable wrench. Guide the replacement glass inside the slot of the auto door. Reattach the clip back inside the window crank hole, snugly securing its bolt with the adjustable wrench.

    8

    Replace the weatherproofing strip along the window pane. Reapply the fasteners along the door panel. Reattach the door panel and all of its components.

How to Replace Fixed Rear Glass in a Ford Expedition

How to Replace Fixed Rear Glass in a Ford Expedition

The rear fixed windows in the Ford Expedition are held in place with several bolts and some particularly strong adhesive, all buried underneath the Expeditions interior trim. Replacing these windows might be a job best left for a body shop or auto glass company, but in the event you need to tackle this one yourself, be prepared for a day or two of work on the Expedition. It is best to perform this inside, so the interior will not be exposed to the elements should you need to stop working once the old glass is out.

Instructions

    1

    Remove the trim panels surrounding the glass carefully. You can get your fingers underneath the trim at the ceiling and pull out and away from the Expeditions body to pop it loose. The trim is held in place with a series of plastic tabs on the back side that seat into the body. If you feel the trim begin to flex unnaturally or see any loss of color while pulling, let go and try another angle. The plastic will turn white just before it breaks.

    2

    Take the box knife and cut along the joint where the adhesive contacts the existing window glass. Use extreme caution here, as the razor blade in the box knife can break easily or the knife may suddenly move in the direction you are applying pressure, resulting in injury. Depending on the window size, this can take up to several hours to complete.

    3

    Cut the adhesive away from the bolts holding the window in place.

    4

    Use the socket set to remove the retaining nuts. Have a helper hold the glass during nut removal so the glass does not move before you are ready.

    5

    Pull the old glass carefully out of the way and set it aside.

    6

    Scrape away any leftover adhesive remaining on the Expeditions body where the old glass was mounted.

    7

    Lay the old glass down on a clean, soft surface with the inside portion of the glass facing down.

    8

    Run a -inch wide bead of auto glass adhesive all the way around the edge of the replacement glass, allowing it to cure per the instructions on the adhesives container.

    9

    Have a helper aid you in lifting the glass up and moving it into position. Press it firmly in place and reinstall the retaining nuts with the socket set.

    10

    Reinstall the trim in reverse of how it was removed.

    11

    Refer to the auto glass adhesives specific instructions regarding curing time before operating the vehicle. If the vehicle is sitting in a warm area, leave the door windows cracked open to prevent heat buildup inside the Expedition before the adhesive is properly dried.

Rabu, 29 Agustus 2012

How to Release the Rear Brake Drum on a 1989 Chevy 1/2 Ton

Removing the brake drums from the rear of your Chevy truck will allow you to access the rear brake shoes and the slave cylinders; it will also enable you to replace the brake drums themselves. If the drums are heavily scored or worn on the inside, it may prove difficult to remove them. Be sure to back off the adjustment on the shoes to allow the drums to come off with less force. Resurface or replace the drums with new ones when you reassemble the brakes.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the rear wheel studs with a lug wrench, then raise the rear of the truck off the ground with a jack. Position a set of jack stands under the rear axle and set the truck on the stands by lowering the jack.

    2

    Remove the lug nuts and wheel from the wheel studs and set them aside. Locate the brake shoe adjustment hole in the rear of the brake drum backing plate.

    3

    Insert a flat-head screwdriver into the hole and slide it between the brake shoe adjuster and the star wheel. Insert a brake spoon into the hole and turn the star wheel up, in order to back the shoes off the brake drum.

    4

    Grasp the sides of the drum from the front side and pull it straight off the shoes and backing plate. Sometimes rust will build up around the hole in the center of the drum. If that happens with your truck, spray the center of the drum with penetrating oil to loosen the rust.

How to Replace 2003 Honda Accord Front Brake Pads

How to Replace 2003 Honda Accord Front Brake Pads

When your front brake pads start making noise, dollar signs may begin to appear in your head as you think about taking your 2003 Honda Accord to the repair shop. You can save yourself money by replacing the brake pads yourself. The removal and replacement of the brake pads does not require any special tools and an inexperienced mechanic should be able to perform the task in an afternoon.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on both front wheels using a ratchet and socket, but do not remove them.

    2

    Jack up the front of the vehicle and secure it with jack stands.

    3

    Remove the lug nuts and remove the front wheels.

    4

    Examine the rear of the brake caliper and locate the two caliper bolts. There will be one at the top of the caliper and one at the bottom.

    5

    Loosen and remove the two caliper bolts using a ratchet and socket.

    6

    Pull the caliper away from the brake pads with your hands.

    7

    Hang the caliper from a strut spring using the bungee strap. This prevents the caliper from hanging by the brake hose.

    8

    Pull the old brake pads from the bracket using your hands.

    9

    Place the C-clamp over the piston inside of the brake caliper and compress the piston until it is inside the caliper.

    10

    Place the new brake pads into the bracket.

    11

    Apply a thin coat of brake pad grease to the rear of each pad.

    12

    Place the caliper over the new brake pads and hand-tighten the brake caliper bolts in the rear.

    13

    Tighten the caliper bolts to 54 foot-pounds of torque using a torque wrench.

    14

    Repeat steps 4 through 13 for the other side of the vehicle.

    15

    Place the wheels on the vehicle and hand-tighten the lug nuts.

    16

    Lower the vehicle to the ground and torque the lug nuts to 80 foot-pounds.

    17

    Pump the brake pedal repeatedly until the pedal feels firm.

    18

    Check the brake fluid level in the master cylinder. Add DOT 3 fluid if it is below the MIN line.

    19

    Test-drive the vehicle.

Selasa, 28 Agustus 2012

Brake Rotor Replacement Instructions

Brake rotors are part of a disc braking system. The rotor, or disc, spins freely with the vehicle's wheel. Disc brake pads are mounted into a hydraulically operated caliper that straddles the rotor. When the brake pedal is pushed, pressure is applied to the caliper, which squeezes the brake pads against the rotor. This creates friction and slows or stops the vehicle. Even though brake pads are considered a wear item and need periodic replacement, the metal rotors will eventually wear and will need to be replaced also, albeit less frequently than the pads.

Instructions

    1

    Place a floor jack under the frame rail closest to the wheel of the brake rotor you wish to replace. Loosen the wheel lugs of this wheel with a lug wrench. Chock the wheel diagonally opposite the wheel to be removed. Use the floor jack to lift the wheel two or three inches off the ground. Place a jack stand under the lower suspension control arm and lower the floor jack. Remove the wheel lugs, then remove the wheel to reveal the disc brake parts.

    2

    Pry the protective rubber plugs (if equipped) from the caliper retaining bolts with a flat blade screwdriver and place them aside. Loosen and remove the caliper retaining bolts with a socket and ratchet. Pull the bolts straight out of the caliper and place them aside. Grasp the caliper and lift it straight up and off of the disc brake rotor. Hang the caliper to the inner wheel well liner with a bungee cord so that the still-attached brake hose will not be damaged.

    3

    Remove the retaining screws on the outer side of the rotor (if equipped) with a Phillips screwdriver, otherwise just pull the rotor straight out from the wheel hub and remove it from the vehicle.

    4

    Push a new rotor onto the wheel hub until it is fully seated. Replace any retaining screws, if applicable. Unhook the bungee cord from the caliper and push it back down over the rotor.

    5

    Replace the caliper retaining bolts and tighten them with a socket and ratchet. Push the rubber plugs back into place, if applicable. Replace the wheel and tighten the lug nuts. Raise the vehicle with the floor jack and slide the jack stand out from under the vehicle. Lower the floor jack and remove it. Finish tightening the lugs nuts in a crisscross pattern.

How to Install Rear Brake Drum on a Fox Body Mustang

The 1978-1992 Ford Mustang, or Fox body style, was manufactured with rear drum brakes that require routine maintenance. Installing a new drum to the rear brakes will give the mechanic an opportunity to check for other issues, and should take about a half hour to complete.

Instructions

Removal

    1

    Raise the Mustang onto the jack stands using the floor jack. The stands should be placed onto the frame rails securely, not on the suspension components.

    2

    Remove the wheels by turning the lug nuts counterclockwise, then pulling the wheels free. Set the wheels aside, away from the car.

    3

    Remove the drum by turning the keeper bolt in a counterclockwise direction. The keeper bolt is a hex-head bolt on the front of the drum (and a little off-center) that holds the drum in place. Once the bolt is out, pull the drum away from the brake assembly.

    4

    Check the brake components for damage or leaking by visually inspecting the wheel cylinders and shoes.

    5

    Replace the drum with a new unit by pressing it onto the brake assembly, sliding it over the shoes. Line up the keeper bolt hole with the hole on the brake assembly.

    6

    Turn the keeper bolt into the hole clockwise, until it is snug.

    7

    Repeat steps 3 through 6 on the opposite side brake.

    8

    Replace both wheels by turning their lug nuts clockwise, in an alternating pattern.

    9

    Lower the car from the jack stands with the floor jack.

Rear Emergency Brake Removal on a 1995 Regal

The rear emergency brake on a 1995 Buick Regal is built directly into the brake caliper. If the parking brake does not function properly, the caliper should be replaced. Before you decide to replace the caliper, try repeatedly setting and releasing the parking brake, placing 125 pounds of force on the pedal to automatically adjust the parking brake. A replacement caliper can be purchased from most auto parts stores and will take about 15 minutes to install.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the wheel with the caliper that needs to be replaced. Raise the vehicle and support with a jack stand. The lift point is immediately ahead of the rear wheel. Remove the wheel.

    2

    Follow the parking brake line to where it attaches to the caliper. Lift up on the end of the spring that attaches it to the lever and disconnect the cable. Unbolt the bracket that holds the cable sleeve to the caliper.

    3

    Unbolt and remove the caliper. Suspend it with a piece of wire to prevent the brake line from stretching, and remove the brake pads. The brake pads are connected with a pair of clips--one above and one below. Remove the caliper and hanging wire.

    4

    Install the brake pads into the replacement caliper. Unscrew the brake line from the rear of the old caliper and quickly install it on the new caliper to prevent unnecessary fluid loss. Bolt the caliper into place, torquing it to 20 ft-lbs. Reconnect the parking brake cable and bolt the bracket back onto the caliper.

    5

    Bleed the brake system and add brake fluid to the fill line in the reservoir.

How to Change Rotors on a 2004 Nissan Titan

The 2004 Nissan Titan was manufactured with a braking system consisting of front-wheel disc brakes and rear wheel drum brakes. The front brakes of the vehicle perform 60 percent of the work when the brakes are applied, so they need to be maintained more often. Whenever the brake pads are replaced the rotor should be checked for gouging, chipping and overall wear. When the damage is slight, the rotors can be removed and polished, but heavy damage means the rotors should be completely replaced.

Instructions

    1

    Park the Nissan Titan on a flat, level surface and set the parking brake.

    2

    Loosen the lug nuts on the wheel with a lug wrench. Place the jack under the center of the front of the frame and lift the truck until jack stands can be placed under both front axles. Finish removing the lug nuts. Remove the wheel and place it out of the way.

    3

    Remove the bolts holding the caliper in place. Hang the caliper from the steering arm with a short piece of wire to prevent it from getting damaged.

    4

    Grip the rotor firmly on both sides and pull straight out. If the rotor is stuck, tap it a few times with a rubber mallet to break it loose.

    5

    Remove the thin layer of plastic from the front of the new rotor. Slip the rotor into place.

    6

    Remove the caliper from the wire and bolt it back into place with a socket wrench.

    7

    Put the wheel back on and tighten the lug nuts down by hand. Remove the jack stands and lower the Nissan Titan. Finish tightening the lug nuts with the lug wrench. Work in a star pattern around the wheel.

How to Pull the Brake Drums in a 1995 Dodge Caravan

Removing the brake drums from the rear of your 1995 Dodge Caravan will allow you to access the brake shoes, hardware and inspect the drum itself. Brake drums are only used on the rear of the Caravan, and if replacement is necessary, drums and other components of the system are available from most major parts retailers or through the Dodge dealer network.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the rear wheels of the van with a lug wrench. Do not take the lug nuts off the studs yet or the wheel might not properly support the van.

    2

    Position a jack under the center of the rear axle, and raise the van until both rear tires are off the ground. Position a set of jack stands under the axle on the outboard edge on each end. Lower the jack until the van is resting on the stands.

    3

    Remove the lug nuts from the wheel studs, then pull the wheel and tire off the van. If you are pulling both drums, repeat on the opposite side.

    4

    Inspect the wheel studs where they pass through the drum. In some cases, there will be a locking ring on one of the studs. Pry the ring loose with a flat screwdriver, and discard it.

    5

    Grasp the drum at the three o'clock and nine o'clock positions, and pull it straight toward you. Repeat the process on the opposite side.

How to Change Brake Pads on a Freelander

The Land Rover Freelander is manufactured with a hydraulic disk braking system that requires routine maintenance to function correctly. The twin braking pads on each caliper will wear down their friction surface and necessitate replacement. The average backyard mechanic can replace the pads on a Freelander in about thirty minutes per brake.

Instructions

    1

    Raise the wheel with the floor jack and place the frame rail onto a jack stand. The stand should not be positioned on the suspension or engine mounts.

    2

    Remove the wheel by turning the lug nuts in a counterclockwise direction. Set the wheel aside, away from the vehicle.

    3

    Remove the caliper by turning the rear caliper mount bolts in a counterclockwise direction. The caliper should slide off of the rotor.

    4

    Take the brake pads out of the caliper by pulling on them, then replace the pads with fresh units. The caliper pistons will attempt to push the pads in slowly, and can be chocked with a piece of wood or tool until the new pads are ready to be mounted.

    5

    Replace the caliper with the new pads by sliding it onto the rotor and turning the twin mount bolts clockwise.

    6

    Replace the wheel by turning the lug nuts clockwise, in an alternating pattern.

    7

    Lower the Freelander from the jack stand with the floor jack.

    8

    Repeat steps 1 through 7 on the remaining brakes.

Senin, 27 Agustus 2012

How to Install Quarter Panel Glass on a Toyota

If a quarter panel window on your Toyota becomes damaged, it not only detracts from the overall look of your vehicle, but also can put it at risk of being stolen and creates an unsafe condition for passengers. A damaged window should be replaced as soon as possible. The procedure is fairly straightforward and can be completed in just over an hour by a person who has basic auto repair knowledge.

Instructions

    1

    Enter the back seat of your Toyota. Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to remove the screws that hold the weatherstripping in place, and lift the weatherstripping away from the window and place it aside.

    2

    Slide the trim stick into the window frame and unhook the rubber trim from its connectors. Carefully pull the rubber trim away from the window.

    3

    Use a sharp blade to cut away the rubber gasket from around the panel window. Make a small slit in the bottom of the gasket and work your way around the window cutting away all of the gasket.

    4

    Put on protective work gloves. Place one hand outside the window frame. Carefully press the window out of the frame with one hand and catch it with the other. Place the glass in your recycling can or take it to your local recycling center.

    5

    Apply a layer of window sealant around the edges of the new quarter panel window. Place the new gasket around the edge of the window opening and press it onto the frame to set it firmly in position.

    6

    Place the quarter panel glass into the window gasket. Reattach the rubber trim around the window connectors. Reconnect the weatherstripping to the window by attaching the mounting screws with a Phillips-head screwdriver.

How to Remove a Window on a 2003 Mustang Convertible

How to Remove a Window on a 2003 Mustang Convertible

You can remove a window from your 2003 Ford Mustang convertible as a weekend project in your driveway and you'll save money by not having to take your car to the shop. Most likely, you need to remove the window because it is cracked or damaged. Exercise caution when handling the glass to avoid injury. Removing the window requires that you also remove the inside door panel. Only a few basic tools are needed and you should be able to complete this project in about an hour.

Instructions

    1

    Disconnect the negative battery cable using a wrench and set it aside on a towel.

    2

    Roll down the window that you intend to replace. For manual windows, insert a hooked tool into the small hole behind the window crank. This will release the clip. For power windows, remove the trim using a flat-head screwdriver. Unplug the wiring behind the trim.

    3

    Remove the screws behind and under the handle on the door using a Philips-head screwdriver. Pry up the trim panels with a flat-head screwdriver.

    4

    Pull the panel forward and disconnect the electrical connectors with your hands. Peel off the waterproof plastic shield behind the panel.

    5

    Unscrew the door speaker and pull it from the door. Disconnect the wiring behind the speaker.

    6

    Pry up the window weatherstripping with a flat-head screwdriver.

    7

    Remove the bolts that fasten the glass to the car door using a torx wrench.

    8

    Put on work gloves and eye goggles to protect against injury. Lift up the window glass. Loosen the nuts underneath the glass with a socket wrench.

    9

    Pull the window glass from the doorframe and remove it from the Mustang convertible.

Minggu, 26 Agustus 2012

How to Wire a PCM in a Jeep

Your Jeep's powertrain control module, or PCM, is basically the equivalent to a computer's central processing unit. It is used to relay information from all of your Jeeps electrical relays. It also relays engine trouble and problems to the driver and helps to automatically regulate some functions like air-fuel mixtures and piston firing. Wiring your PCM is a fairly simple matter that only involves connecting two wires. It can be done in about 15 minutes.

Instructions

    1

    Slide your Jeep's new PCM into the area where your old PCM was mounted before you removed it.

    2

    Use your socket set to replace the mounting bolts at the bottom of your PCM to hold it in place.

    3

    Connect the positive connection wire which branches off from your battery's positive cable to the positive connection terminal on your Jeep's new PCM. It will be clearly marked positive (+).

    4

    Connect the ground wire to the negative connection terminal on your Jeep's new PCM.

    5

    Replace both the negative and positive battery cables on your Jeep with your socket set.

How to Replace a Back Squat With a Front Squat

How to Replace a Back Squat With a Front Squat

Squatting is an essential movement for strengthening your lower body. The most popular type of squat exercise is the back squat, which requires you place a barbell on your upper back. This positioning, which is dangerous, forces you to externally rotate your shoulders so you can grip the bar. Overtime, it can cause severe damage to your rotator cuff muscles. A safer alternative to the back squat is the front squat. Instead of putting the bar on your back, your place it on your front shoulders, which means you won't have to externally rotate your shoulders.

Instructions

Barbell Front Squat

    1

    Warm up your thigh and hip muscles by lunging forward with each leg for 20 to 25 steps. Do two sets of these walking lunges to bring more blood to your thigh and hip muscles, including your quadriceps, hamstrings and gluteus maximus.

    2

    Grip a barbell and place it on the squatting rack. Place the desired number of weight plates on each side of the barbell and secure the weights with a safety lock. Do three to five working sets of front squats. Start with lighter weights and increase the resistance as you start new sets. Your final set should include the maximum amount of weight. Do 15 reps for your first set, 12 for your second, 10 for your third, 8 for your fourth and 6 for your final.

    3

    Put your front shoulders under the bar and cross your arms across your upper chest with your arms bent. Grip the barbell with each hand in an overhanded grip. Your hands should be in front of your shoulders, where the barbell is resting.

    4

    Lift the barbell off the squatting rack and take a few steps back. Stand with your body upright, back flat and feet a little more than shoulder-width distance apart with your toes pointing out just slightly.

    5

    Squat down by bending your hips and knees until your thighs are parallel to the ground. Never rise up on your toes during this motion. Rather, try to keep your feet flat on the ground.

    6

    Return to the standing position by extending your hips and knees. Don't lock out your knees at the top of the motion as this will cause excessive stress to your knee joints.

How to Adjust Brake Pedal Height in a Ford Explorer

The standard model Ford Explorer, first produced in 1994 has undergone several generational changes, but has typically come equipped with a sophisticated anti-lock braking system. However you may find you need to adjust the height of the brake pedal at some point. This is a fairly simple procedure and can be done to correct any unnecessary free play in your brakes.

Instructions

    1

    Determine how much free play you actually have in your brake pedal. One common complaint of the Ford Explorer is that the brake pedal is mushy or spongy. What you're looking for is the distance the brake pedal travels when you step on it, before the brakes engage. Press the pedal with your fingers to see how much free travel there is.

    2

    Look on the right, rear side of the brake pedal, near the top. You should see an adjustable rod that connects to the top of the brake pedal lever.

    3

    Use either a 14mm- or an adjustable crescent-wrench to loosen the lock nut nearest to the brake pedal. Twist it clockwise, toward the clutch pedal.

    4

    Adjust the brake pedal height by twisting the booster rod with a pair of pliers. While too much free play will result in an unresponsive brake pedal, too little will cause drag on the brakes. This is somewhat of a hazard in the top heavy Ford Explorer. Turning the rod clockwise will raise the pedal and decrease free play, while turning counter clockwise will give a lower, mushier brake pedal.

    5

    Tighten the lock nut.

    6

    Test drive your Explorer over a short distance. Make sure your brake lights are still functioning properly.

    7

    If you encounter any problems with your braking system, consult a Ford mechanic.

Why Does My Car Window Go Down Slowly?

Why Does My Car Window Go Down Slowly?

A car window that moves slowly can be quite annoying, and if not fixed may stop working altogether. A power window may move slowly for a number or reasons, however most fixes for a slow power window are quick and inexpensive.

Low Battery

    A low battery may make the power windows move slowly. A low battery will typically affect all of the windows and may be noted in the operation of other electrical devices, as well. A car with a low battery should be tested at a repair or parts store to determine the source of the problem.

Lubrication

    The power window is held by a metal or plastic frame that is moved by a small electric motor in the door of the automobile. Both the motor and the moving parts of the frame may lose lubrication and bind. Cleaning the motor's electrical contacts and applying new lubrication to moving parts may make the window work properly.

Physical Blockage

    Power windows run up and down through a tight gasket in the window. This gasket is designed to seal the window both to stop drafts and reduce noise from the outside of the car. These gaskets can become loose or torn and cause problems with the window. The window's frame inside the door can also become lose and bind the window, making it move slowly.

Sabtu, 25 Agustus 2012

When Should I Turn Brake Rotors?

When Should I Turn Brake Rotors?

Disc brake-equipped automobiles have brake rotors, or discs. Some vehicles are equipped with front disc brakes and rear drum brakes, and others have four-wheel disc brakes. A few simple methods can be used to check whether rotors need to be replaced.

Initial Checks

    Deciding whether to turn or replace rotors isn't always easy, but If pressing down on the brake pedal causes you to feel a rhythmic pulsation of the brake pedal, it is likely that the brake rotors are warped and need to be turned or replaced. Rotors might also require turning if the vehicle has gone unused for an extended period of time.

Measure the Rotor

    The only way to know for sure whether the rotors can be turned, or if they should be replaced, is by using a micrometer to measure the thickness of the rotor. With the tire removed and the vehicle safely supported by jackstands, remove the brake caliper and measure the thickness of the rotor in the area where the caliper affixed. Check the manufacturers specifications for the minimum rotor thickness, and don't turn the rotor if doing so would make the rotor thinner than the factory-specified minimum. In that case, replace the rotor instead. Also, look at the rotor carefully because many rotors have the specification cast into the rotor hub. Some automakers suggest replacing the rotors every time the brake pads are replaced and do not recommend ever turning the rotors.

1987 Ford Bronco Master Cylinder Installation Instructions

When looking at more modern Ford Broncos, it is hard to imagine that it was originally a compact SUV that competed with the International Harvester Scout and Jeep CJ-5. It was not until the 1978 model year 12 years after the Broncos release that Ford made it into a full-size SUV to compete with the Chevy Blazer and other large SUVs. In 1987, Ford introduced two-wheel anti-lock brakes as a standard feature on the Bronco to go along with its power front disc brakes. Replacing the master cylinder the heart of the brake system on the 1987 Bronco is straightforward, but requires two separate bleeding processes.

Instructions

Removal

    1

    Press the brake pedal three or four times to purge any vacuum from the brake booster.

    2

    Unscrew the lid from the master cylinder reservoir and siphon out as much brake fluid as you can with a turkey baster. Transfer the fluid to a small container for disposal later.

    3

    Pull upward on the locking tab on the wiring harness connecting into the bottom of the reservoir, and pull the wiring harness from the reservoir.

    4

    Hold a small drain pan under the brake lines screwed into the master cylinder to catch dripping brake fluid. Loosen the brake line with a line wrench, and pull the brake lines from the master cylinder. Remove the container from under the brake lines once fluid stops dripping from them.

    5

    Wrap the ends of the brake lines with clean, lint-free cloths to prevent debris from getting into the brake system.

    6

    Remove the two master cylinder retaining nuts with a ratchet and socket. Pull the master cylinder away from the brake booster and out of the engine compartment.

Bench Bleeding

    7

    Set the new master cylinder into a bench vise equipped with rubber jaw protectors. Tighten the vise until it holds the master cylinder in place do not over-tighten the vise, as it may break the master cylinder.

    8

    Remove the plastic plugs from the brake line ports and hand-tighten bleeder lines from the master cylinder bleed kit into the ports. Tighten the bleeder line fitting with a line wrench. Remove the cap from the master cylinder reservoir and fill it to the Max line. Route the bleeder lines into the reservoir and submerge the ends of the lines in the brake fluid.

    9

    Press and release the plunger on the rear of the master cylinder just as the brake booster pushrod does with a wooden dowel, and watch the bleeder lines. Continue pressing and releasing the plunger until no more bubbles come from the ends of the bleeder hoses.

    10

    Unscrew the bleeder lines from the master cylinder with a line wrench and reinsert the plastic inserts into the brake line ports.

Installation

    11

    Set the new master cylinder on the mounting studs on the brake booster and hand-thread the retaining nuts. Torque the master cylinder-retaining nuts from 18 to 25 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and socket.

    12

    Remove the clean, lint-free cloths from the brake lines and pull the plastic inserts from the brake line ports in the master cylinder. Hand-thread the brake lines into the brake line ports they are hard-formed, so you cannot incorrectly install them and torque the front fitting from 16 to 21 foot-pounds and the rear fitting from 10 to 15 foot-pounds with a torque wrench and crows foot attachment.

    13

    Plug the wiring harness into the receptacle on the base of the master cylinder reservoir.

    14

    Fill the master cylinder to its Max level with fresh DOT 3 brake fluid, if needed.

Bleeding the Brake System

    15

    Raise the front of the Bronco with a floor jack, and slide jack stands under the SUVs frame rails. Lower the vehicle onto the jack stands. Raise the rear of the Ford with a floor jack and slide jack stands under the rear part of the Broncos frame. Lower the rear of the Bronco onto the jack stands.

    16

    Slide under the right rear wheel and find the bleeder valve the --inch metal valve on the top of the drum brake backing plate or the rear of the brake caliper. Press the end of a -inch-diameter rubber hose onto the bleeder valve and set the other end in a clean, clear container. Fill the clean, clear container with fresh DOT 3 brake fluid until it submerges the hose end.

    17

    Instruct an assistant to press and release the brake pedal repeatedly until it feels firm, then to hold pressure on the pedal. Open the bleeder valve by turning it counterclockwise with a combination wrench. Watch the end of the hose in the brake fluid and look for air bubbles to come from the hose. Tighten the bleeder valve. Repeat this step until no more air comes from the end of the hose.

    18

    Refill the brake master cylinder to its Max line with fresh DOT 3 brake fluid.

    19

    Repeat Steps 2 through 4 for the remaining three wheels, in the following order: left rear, right front and left front. Fill the reservoir after every wheel. If you let it run dry, you will have to start over.

    20

    Raise the rear of the Bronco off the jack stands with a floor jack and remove the jack stands. Lower the rear of the SUV to the ground. Raise the front of the Ford off the jack stands with a floor jack and remove the jack stands. Lower the front of the Bronco to the ground.
    Pump the pedal until it is firm before driving the vehicle.

Jumat, 24 Agustus 2012

How to Replace the Brake Pads on a Montero

The brake pads on the Mitsubishi Montero create friction with the brake rotors and slow your vehicle down. As you use the brakes, the pads wear and when they start to emit a high-pitched squeaking sound, it indicates the brakes need servicing. Inspecting the brake pads should be part of your regular maintenance routine. If the brake pads wear beyond the recommended level, the rivets may cut grooves into the brake rotors. which may require a more expensive repair than only replacing the pads.

Instructions

    1

    Park the Montero on a level surface and turn off its ignition.Open and secure the the engine compartment's hood. Locate the master cylinder and drain one-half of the brake fluid from the master cylinder using the turkey baster. Place the fluid in the drain pan for proper recycling. Place the wheel chocks behind the rear wheels.

    2

    Loosen the lug nuts on the wheel you will be working on with the lug wrench. Raise the Montero up with the automobile jack. Place a jack stand under the Montero and raise it to the frame. Remove the wheel and lug nuts, using the lug wrench.

    3

    Loosen the retaining bolts on the brake caliper with a socket and ratchet. Pull the caliper away from the wheel assembly. Pull off the old brake pads from the caliper by pulling off the clips. Push the caliper piston back into the caliper housing.

    4

    Insert the new brake pads into the caliper. Place the brake caliper on the mounting bracket and tighten the bolts with the socket and ratchet. Replace the wheel on the Montero and tighten the lug nuts with the lug wrench.

    5

    Place the car jack under the vehicle and raise it to its body. Remove the jack stand from under the Montero. Lower the vehicle to the ground with the lug wrench. Repeat the process on the other wheel.

How to Change Front Disc Brakes on a 2004 Nissan Titan

How to Change Front Disc Brakes on a 2004 Nissan Titan

2004 Nissan Titans have disc brakes at all four wheels. Disc brakes stop a vehicle better than drum brakes, which still are standard on the rear wheels of many modern pickups. Disc brakes also are favored among at-home mechanics, for two main reasons: their reliability and their ease of change. Disc brakes last for 2 to 5 years depending on the brand and quality of the brakes and on the amount and style of driving you do. The more aggressively you drive, the sooner you'll have to change your brakes. If you hear your brakes grinding or your wheels squealing, it might be time to change your brakes. The whole job can be completed in less than 2 hours.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen all of the lug nuts on the front tires with the tire iron.

    2

    Set the floor jack under the front axle of the Titan. Raise the truck until the tires are two inches or more off of the ground. Set the jack stands under the same axle for support. Remove the tires completely.

    3

    Unbolt the brake caliper mounting bracket (the crescent-shaped bracket on the rotor) from the rotor, using the socket wrench. Tie the bracket to the undercarriage of the Titan with the rope to prevent strain on the brake line.

    4

    Pull the brake pads out of the mounting bracket with your hands.

    5

    Set the solid end of the C-clamp against the rear side of the mounting bracket. Place the movable end of the clamp against the cylinder in the center of the bracket. Compress this cylinder, the brake cylinder, until it is flush.

    6

    Insert the new brake pads into the slots where the old ones were.

    7

    Untie the mounting bracket and re-bolt it to the rotor. Set the tire back on and finger tighten all of the lug nuts. Lower the Titan and tighten all of the lug nuts with the tire iron.

Rabu, 22 Agustus 2012

How to Repair the Window on a Town & Country

How to Repair the Window on a Town & Country

You can plan regular car maintenance in advance but if you encounter an unexpected occurence, such as a flying object cracking one of your car windows, you will have to fix it immediately. There is no need to fret over bringing your car in for repair if this happens. Simply buy the materials needed for the job and do it yourself.

Instructions

    1

    Mix mild soap and warm water in the bucket using the soft cloth until it is sudsy. Wash the window down to get rid of as much dirt as possible. Let it air dry or wipe it dry with another cloth.

    2

    Place the suction cup stabilizer onto the window, making sure it is steadily placed over the cracked area. Push it down to create a tight suction.

    3

    Put the plastic injector into its port within the stabilizer. Once it is in place, push the resin tube into the injector.

    4

    Pull out the injector to automatically allow the natural suction to begin drawing the resin out of the tube and into the damaged areas.

    5

    Wait until the resin tube is empty and then lift the stabilizer off the window.

    6

    Place a thick strip of the curing film across the repair for a few hours until it has dried.

How to Install Front Brake Pads on a 1991 Honda Accord

The front brakes on a 1991 Honda Accord do the majority of the stopping for the vehicle. The brakes use brake pads to clamp onto the brake rotors and over time, the brake pads wear down. If your front brakes are squeaking, it's possible you need to change out and install new front brake pads. This should take about an hour to do correctly.

Instructions

    1

    Pick up the front of the Accord using a jack and put jack stands on the jack points just rear of the front wheels. Take off the front wheels with the tire iron.

    2

    Unbolt the brake line clamp on the strut using the 3/8-inch ratchet and socket. Unbolt the bottom bolt on the brake caliper using the 3/8-inch ratchet and socket. Take the brake pads off the brake rotors. Spray the brake caliper with the brake cleaner.

    3

    Install the large C-clamp over the brake caliper. Tighten the C-clamp so it compresses the circular piston on the inside of the brake caliper. Apply brake quiet compound to the backside of the replacement brake pads and put the shim on top of the pad.

    4

    Install the pads onto the rotor and lower the caliper onto the pads. Reinstall the mounting bolts using the 3/8-inch ratchet and socket. Reinstall the brake line to the strut with the ratchet.

    5

    Lower the Accord off the stands with the jack. Pump the brakes several times before driving the vehicle for the first time.

How to Change the Disc Brakes on a 2001 Silverado

The disc brakes on the 2001 Chevy Silverado are designed to perform within the standards set by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. To ensure that the brakes perform properly, regular maintenance, proper use and replacement (when necessary) is required. Changing the brake pads provides an opportunity to inspect and service the other integral components of the braking system. Be sure to return any brake fluid that is expelled during the replacement process.

Instructions

    1

    Park the Silverado in an area that will allow you to safely work on both sides of the truck. This area should be on a relatively flat surface, away from passing traffic.

    2

    Loosen the lug nuts on the wheels with the tire iron. Place tire blocks behind to the rear wheels.

    3

    Lift the vehicle with a lifting jack and place jack stands beneath the frame of the truck. Remove the lug nuts and pull the wheels from the wheel bolts.

    4

    Remove the caliper slide bolts with the T-55 Torx socket and ratchet. The bolts are located at either end of the caliper on the side of the caliper closest to the frame of the truck.

    5

    Remove the caliper from the brake pad holder and rest it on the upper control arm so as to not put tension on the brake line.

    6

    Remove the brake pads from the brake pad holder. The brake pads sit on a ledge in the brake pad holder on either side of the rotor.

    7

    Disconnect the brake line from the caliper by hand. Place the drip pan beneath the hub to catch any fluid leaking from the line.

    8

    Unscrew the brake pad holder bolts with an 18-mm wrench. Remove the brake pad holder from the rotor.

    9

    Pull the rotor from the wheel bolts. Spray the rotor with chain lubricant to break the bond of rust attaching the rotor to the hub of the truck.

    10

    Spray brake cleaner on every surface of the new rotor. Remove the cleaner and packing oil from the surface of the rotor with a clean towel.

    11

    Place a new rotor onto the wheel bolts. Place the new brake pad holder onto the rotor. Screw in the brake pad holder bolts using the 18-mm wrench.

    12

    Connect the brake line to the new caliper. Place the new brake pads into the slots in the brake pad holder on either side of the rotor. Apply a thin layer of brake grease to the inner walls of the caliper. Place the caliper over the brake pads in the brake pad holder and screw in the caliper slide bolts with the Torx wrench.

    13

    Replace the wheels onto the wheel bolts and screw on the lug nuts. Remove the jack stands and lower the truck to the ground. Tighten the lug nuts with the tire iron.

    14

    Press the brake pedal slowly, holding the pedal in the depressed position for 10 seconds.

    15

    Lift the hood of the Silverado and remove the cap to the master cylinder. Fill the master cylinder with brake fluid until the level of fluid reaches the "full line" of the container. Replace the cap and close the hood.

Selasa, 21 Agustus 2012

How to Change the Brakes in a Mitsubishi Lancer

How to Change the Brakes in a Mitsubishi Lancer

Today's cars have many safety features; the brakes are the most fundamental and still the most important. At first glance the idea of replacing disc brakes may seem intimidating to anyone who has never done it, but really they only present a moderate challenge to the novice who is well prepared. If you go slow, take your time and get some trusted advice, you will be able to do this and save a lot of money.

Instructions

    1

    Chock the tires. Wedge a block of wood or brick in front of and behind the tires on the end of the car opposite the one you are working on. Chock the rear tires when working on the front brakes and front tires when working on the rear brakes.

    2

    Jack the car up so the tire is off the ground and high enough to place the jack stand underneath. The jack stand needs to be positioned under the frame, not the suspension components. Lower the car onto the jack stand.

    3

    Use the lug nut wrench to remove the lug nuts from the rim. Set the tire aside.

    4

    Loosen the mounting bolt by turning it left with the wrench to allow the disc brake caliper to swing free.

    5

    Remove the old brake pads by simply taking them out of the caliper.

    6

    Open the cap on the master cylinder.

    7

    Position the c-clamp so it will press on the wheel cylinder, re-seating it. Slowly apply pressure so you do not squirt brake fluid out of the master cylinder.

    8

    Remove the c-clamp and put the new brake pads into position.

    9

    Lower the caliper and tighten the mounting nut.

    10

    Replace the tire, remove the jack stand and lower the car.

    11

    Add brake fluid if needed to the master cylinder then close it tightly.

How to Buy Auto Glass

How to Buy Auto Glass

After a break-in or automobile accident, you're thinking about how to get your car back on the road and not about glass quality. But the wrong glass for your car could get damaged down the road, shattering in a bad accident, warns Glass.net. Understand the different types of auto glass and choose the best quality you can afford, since glass is above all a safety feature of your car.

Instructions

    1

    Visit your car's dealer to buy auto glass that is certified for your car and has your car's make (i.e., Toyota or Ford) stamped on it. Car dealers carry auto glass that is certified as "OEM," or original equipment manufactured, and specific to your type of car.

    2

    Call local auto repair shops and ask whether they carry "OEM" auto glass. Unlike the glass carried by your dealer--which is brand specific--"OEM" glass from an auto repair shop is certified to be the same cut and thickness as your car's auto glass but does not carry brand identification. For example, Acura "OEM" auto glass won't bear the Acura logo but it will feature the same measurements, tint and shape as the dealer glass in your Acura, so there won't be any mismatching. Arrange for an auto repair shop to install "OEM" auto glass, then pay for the glass and labor afterward.

    3

    Visit an auto glass shop to purchase cheaper "OEE," or original equipment equivalent glass, if you're on a budget. "OEE" glass (sometimes called aftermarket glass) does not bear the same size, thickness, color and quality as the "OEM" glass and should only be used as a last resort.

    4

    Comparison shop for prices by calling several auto repair shops or auto glass dealers if you plan to buy "OEM" or "OEE" glass. Then purchase from a glass provider that offers a good price and timely installation to get your car up and running again.

How to Put Brakes on a 1995 Honda

How to Put Brakes on a 1995 Honda

1995 Hondas all came equipped with all-around disc brakes. Regardless of the model of vehicle, whether it is an Accord, a Passport or an Africa; they all have the same instructions for removing their disc brakes. The brake job, permitting that you have the tools ready, should take around two hours from start to finish. Brakes should be changed every three-to-six months depending on how often you drive and the brand and quality of the brakes that are on the vehicle.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen each of the lugs with the tire iron 2 rotations. Set the wood blocks behind each of the tires you will not be removing.

    2

    Raise the vehicle high enough that the wheels clear the ground with at least two inches. Completely remove the lugs and the tire and set those aside.

    3

    Remove the caliper mounting bracket with the ratchet wrench. Hang it from the undercarriage with the bungee cord to remove and strain on the brake line.

    4

    Remove the brake pads from the bracket. Make sure to pay attention to how they are put in to make re-installment easier.

    5

    Compress the brake caliper. The brake caliper is the cylinder in the center of the bracket. Place one of the old brake pads over the caliper and press it down so it is flush with the bracket.

    6

    Install the new brake pads by setting them into the slots where the old ones were.

    7

    Re-attach the mounting bracket and set the tire back on. Lower the vehicle and then tighten all of the lugs with the tire iron.

How to Remove the Rotors on a '95 Escort

The 1995 Ford Escort was manufactured with front rotors, which use friction against brake pads to stop the vehicle. These rotors can wear thin or become damaged from pitting or debris and will require replacement. The process includes the removal of the caliper, the pads and the rotor. Removal of a rotor can take the average backyard mechanic about thirty minutes.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on both front wheels. Lift the front of the Escort with the floor jack by placing the head of the jack under a frame rail and pumping the lever until one wheel is in the air. Place a jack stand near the jack head on the same frame rail and lift it to the proper height to support the car. Lower the jack, leaving the car resting on the stand, and move the jack to the opposite side of the car, repeating the process with another jack stand. The front of the car is now in the air, supported by jack stands.

    2

    Remove the lug nuts on both front wheels and pull the wheels from the hubs. Set them aside, or tuck them under the car.

    3

    Remove the calipers by turning the rear mount bolts counterclockwise, then sliding them off the rotors. Secure them to the control arm of the suspension with zip ties or string; do not allow the caliper to dangle from the brake line. At this point the pads will either fall right out or can be gently pried out with a screwdriver.

    4

    Remove the rotors by turning the center axle nuts counterclockwise. Pull the rotors from the hubs, directly away from the axles. They can now be resurfaced or replaced.

How to Change the Rear Brake Pads on a 1993 Camry

The 1993 Toyota Camry came equipped with either rear disc and brake pads or rear drum and brake shoes. Either way, the rear brakes only account for about 30 percent braking power for the import vehicle, while the front brakes account for up to 70 percent. This means the rear brakes will call for less service than the front, but after time will still require replacement.

Instructions

    1

    Park the Camry on a level surface suitable for lifting and supporting the vehicle once lifted. Do not apply the parking brake.

    2

    Remove half of the brake fluid from the master cylinder in the engine compartment using a brake fluid suction pump, and dispose of the fluid. Replace the cover to the master cylinder before proceeding.

    3

    Place a tire chock in front of one of the front tires.

    4

    Break the lug nuts loose 1/4 turn with the breaker bar and 21-mm socket on one rear tire.

    5

    Lift the rear quarter of the Camry where the lug nuts were just loosened with the jack, then support the vehicle onto a jack stand.

    6

    Remove the lug nuts and wheel.

    7

    Remove the lower caliper bolt using a 14-mm closed-end wrench.

    8

    Pry the caliper upward using the slotted screwdriver, then use twine to tie the caliper in the upright position to the rear coil spring.

    9

    Use the 12-inch channel locks to squeeze the rear caliper piston inward until it bottoms out in its bore.

    10

    Remove the pads from the caliper bridge. Use the screwdriver to pry them off if necessary. Pry the rattle clips from the caliper bridge and discard.

    11

    Install the new rattle clips, then add a coating of silicone grease to the clips where the tabs of the brake pads contact the clips.

    12

    Install the new brake pads into the bridge. If equipped with wear sensors, install the pads so the arrow on the sensors points in the direction of the rotation of the rear wheel.

    13

    Replace the caliper over the pads, then reinstall the lower caliper bolt. Tighten the bolt to 14 foot-pounds with the torque wrench and the 14-mm socket.

    14

    Replace the wheel and lug nuts and tighten the nuts securely to the rim. Raise the Camry with the jack enough to extract the jack stand, then slowly lower it to the ground. Torque the rear lug nuts in a star pattern to 80 foot-pounds with the torque wrench and the 21-mm socket.

    15

    Repeat Steps 4 through 14 for the opposite rear wheel, then pump the brake pedal several times until it feels firm.

    16

    Check and add brake fluid to the master cylinder if necessary before test driving the vehicle.

How to Change the Brake Rotors on a 2000 F-150

How to Change the Brake Rotors on a 2000 F-150

The 2000 model Ford F-150 truck uses brake rotors---often called brake discs---with calipers on all four wheels. A brake rotor needs to be changed if it becomes warped or has been worn down past its minimum required thickness. You should visually inspect the rotors for these conditions any time you change the brake pads or perform other maintenance on the brakes. The replacement process differs slightly depending on whether you're replacing a front or rear rotor, and there's a good chance both rotors on one end will need changing together.

Instructions

    1

    Raise the front or rear end of the truck, depending on which rotor you are changing. Support it on jack stands and remove the wheel. Apply the parking brake if you are raising the front end; block the front wheels if you are raising the rear end.

    2

    Disconnect the brake caliper by removing its guide pin bolts with a wrench. Hang the caliper nearby, but don't hang it by its brake hose.

    3

    Unbolt and remove the caliper mounting bracket if you are replacing a front brake rotor.

    4

    Slip the brake rotor off the hub. If you are replacing a front rotor on a two-wheel-drive model, you need to remove the grease cap, wheel bearing nut, spindle nut, outer bearing retaining washer and outer wheel bearing.

    5

    Connect the replacement brake rotor onto the hub. Connect all the above-mentioned fasteners for a front rotor on the two-wheel-drive.

    6

    Connect the caliper mounting bracket---front rotors only---and the brake caliper. Tighten the bracket bolts to 136 foot-pounds. Tighten the caliper bolts to 26 foot-pounds on a front caliper or 20 foot-pounds on a rear caliper.

    7

    Reconnect the wheel and lower the truck.

Senin, 20 Agustus 2012

How to Repair an Audi A4 Window

Damage to any of the windows in your Audi A4 can seriously mar the appearance of your vehicle and reduce visibility when the vehicle is on the road. If the damage is substantial, you need to remove the window from the door frame in order to replace it. Although this may seem like a challenging proposition, it is one which you can complete easily in under an hour.

Instructions

    1

    Open up the door which contains the damaged window. Find the screws which hold the door panel onto the door. Use a Phillips head screwdriver to remove the screws. Place them in a safe area, as you will need to reattach them when you reconnect the door panel. Remove the screws from the door handle and pull it away from the door.

    2

    Reach into the hole left by the removed door handle and disconnect the linkage arm which holds the door handle assembly in place.

    3

    Use a wrench to remove the bolts fixed to the backing plate. Lift the backing plate off to gain access to the window regulator.

    4

    Remove the bolts which fix the window to the regulator using a hex wrench. Lift the window out of the door frame. Take care not to cut your hands or damage your door frame as you remove it.

    5

    Insert a new window into the door frame. Fix the window securely in place and reattach the door assembly by following the removal steps in reverse.

Minggu, 19 Agustus 2012

Tips for Auto Window Replacement

Tips for Auto Window Replacement

There are few things more stressful than coming out of your home or a store to find that your car window has been broken. Whether the glass is just cracked or completely shattered, you often need to replace the entire window. Before calling your insurance company or your nearest glass installer, read these tips for auto glass replacement.

Is It Time To Replace the Glass?

    If the auto glass is shattered, it is easy to decide to replace it. But what if it's just cracked? Cracked auto glass does not usually stay that way. Changing weather temperatures can cause the cracked glass to worsen, spreading even further into the glass. Depending on the size of a crack, an auto glass company may be able to prevent it from spreading and repair the existing damage. The representatives from your insurance company or auto glass replacement company will be able to give you specific details.

    As you decide whether to you have your auto glass replaced, remember it is against the law in most states to have large cracks in your car's windshield. Many states consider it a view obstruction and a safety hazard. If you do not take care of your damaged auto window, you may get a traffic ticket for a safety violation.

Are You Covered?

    Depending on how your auto glass window was damaged, you may be covered for its replacement under your auto insurance policy. If you have comprehensive coverage, it covers theft, vandalism and acts of nature. Collision coverage will pay out if you hit something with your car and it is determined to be your fault. If your auto glass was damaged in a claim that fits under those categories, your comprehensive coverage will probably cover it.

    Also consider your deductibles. A deductible is an amount of damage you have agreed to pay in the event of a comprehensive or collision claim. Your insurance company will pay the rest of the damages. If your deductible is $250 and your auto glass replacement cost is $200, you would be responsible for the entire replacement cost. Some insurance companies do not require a deductible for auto glass repairs. Check with your insurance agents for your specific policy details.

Replacing the Auto Glass

    Once you have decided to have your auto glass replaced, contact several reputable companies job and get a few comparison quotes. If you are going through your insurance agency, they may have a company they want you to use. Even if you are not covered under your auto insurance policy, your agent may be able to suggest some dependable companies to use.

    Do not forget to ask about warranty information. Most reputable companies will offer some sort of protection against faulty installation, including cracks and leaks. Most installation warranties will cover you nationwide for a year or two. Some companies will even offer you the option of an extended warranty.

Doing It Yourself

    If you are looking to save a few bucks and have experience with auto repair, you might consider replacing the auto glass yourself. First, consult our vehicle's maintenance manual for instructions specific to your particular make and model. Then buy the replacement glass from a reputable dealer. You may even save some money by going to a junk or scrap yard to find a car just like yours and salvage the glass from it.

    If the window is in one of the doors, you will have to remove the door panel and unscrew the remaining glass from the window mount. Put the replacement glass in place and use the screws to mount it in place. (You may need an extra set of hands for this part.) Test the window to make sure it functions properly and then reassemble the door panel.

    Replacing the front or back windshields is a lot more difficult and should be left to professionals. The windshield of your car is an important safety feature of your car and if it is done wrong, you could place you or your passengers in danger.

How to Clean Scratches on a Memphis Shades Windshield

How to Clean Scratches on a Memphis Shades Windshield

Memphis Shades is a company that manufactures windshields for motorcycles. They manufacture hundreds of different types of windshields to fit every bike and riding style. While riding the motorcycle, debris from the road may hit and scratch the windshield. Cleaning and removing these scratches is important, especially if the scratches are affecting your ability to see while riding the motorcycle.

Instructions

    1

    Pour warm water in a bucket, add a squirt of liquid dish washing soap and mix. Use a sponge or rag to remove dirt from the windshield.

    2

    Apply a liberal amount of Novus 2 on a clean, soft cloth. Novus 2 can be purchased online or from select home improvement, auto parts, motorcycle or boat shops. Polish the scratches with a back-and-forth motion at right angles to the scratches. The deeper the scratches, the harder and longer you will need to polish. While polishing, keep the cloth dampened with Novus 2.

    3

    Use a soft cloth to apply Novus 2 in a circular motion to the entire windshield once the scratches have been polished out. The entire windshield should be coated with an even layer of polish. Allow the polish to dry on the windshield.

    4

    Buff the surface of the windshield with a dry, soft cloth, using firm, short strokes. Continue until all of the Novus 2 has been buffed off the windshield.

How to Fix the Brakes on a Honda Accord

The Honda Accord uses disc brakes on the front wheels and drum brakes on the rear ones. The disc brakes use pads that need to be changed at 60,000 miles at the latest. The drum brakes use shoes that can require replacement, which is a much more complicated process. The brake calipers, discs and drums may also need fixing or replacing. Whether you're fixing brakes on the front or back end, you need to service both sides together.

Instructions

Front Brake Pads

    1

    Raise the Accord's front end on jack stands, and remove the wheels. Siphon at least half of the fluid from the brake master cylinder with a siphon or a clean turkey baster.

    2

    Inspect the condition of the caliper, and replace it if necessary. Disconnect the caliper's bolts from its mounting bracket, and remove the banjo bolt connecting the brake hose to the caliper.

    3

    Check the condition of the brake discs. Wipe away any glaze on the disc with an Emory cloth or sandpaper. If there are any grooves in the disc, remove it from the car, and take it to a professional machine shop to have it refinished.

    4

    Remove the brake caliper's lower bolt, and lift up the caliper to reach the brake pads and shims. Remove the front and rear pads, shims and retainers remove the pads from the shims.

    5

    Clean off the caliper brackets and lubricate the bracket's sliding pins using high-temperature brake grease. Apply a light coat of anti-seizing compound to the backing tabs on the shims and to the slots that those tabs go into on the bracket. Install the retainers and shims back on the caliper.

    6

    Press the caliper piston back into the caliper, using a C-clamp to press on the center of the piston. Make sure the piston's exposed area is clean first, using brake cleaner and a lint-free cloth. Don't force the piston if it starts binding.

    7

    Install the new brake pads into the retainers on the rotor, then pivot the caliper back down into its position on the rotor, and install the mounting bolt.

    8

    Place the wheels back on the car and lower it after changing the brakes on both sides. Refill the brake master cylinder to the necessary level.

Rear Brake Shoes

    9

    Raise and secure the rear end of the Accord.

    10

    Thread two bolts (size 8-by-1 1/4 mm) into the open threaded holes in the drum's front surface. Twist them each two turns at a time to remove the drum. Inspect the drum for cracks, grooves, excessive wear or any other damage, and have it resurfaced if needed.

    11

    Disconnect the hub for better access to the shoes. Insert a small, flat stick between the cylinder and rear brake shoe. Clamp locking pliers onto the backing plate at the rear shoe's center.

    12

    Detach all the springs in the assembly. The upper brake spring and retainer spring require a special brake tool or locking needle-nose pliers. Clamp on the spring where the brake adjuster meets the rear shoe. Grab the top of the retainer spring, press inward, and turn it 90 degrees to remove it. Hold the wheel cylinder pistons in place with a strong elastic band.

    13

    Remove the brake shoes, starting with the front shoe, brake adjuster and other components. Pull the parking brake's cable out of the rear shoe's bracket with pliers. Place the shoe in a vise to prevent the jaws from contacting the brake lining. Drive the U-clip off the pin with a chisel, and hammer and remove the lever arm.

    14

    Clean off the lever arm, lubricate its pivot point, and place it on the new rear brake shoe. Place the arm and shoe into the vise, and install a new washer and U-clip, closing the clip's open end with flat-nosed pliers. Install the brake cable in the rear shoe lever arm and the shoe onto the backing plate, using new springs and retaining pins.

    15

    Install the brake adjuster onto the new front shoe along with the upper and lower springs. Install the front shoe to the backing plate, while hooking the lower spring to the rear shoe. Secure the front shoe with a new retaining pin and spring. Remove the elastic band on the cylinder, and install the upper spring onto the rear shoe with the locking needle-nose pliers.

    16

    Remove all the locking pliers and wood stick from the assembly. Reinstall the brake drum, holding it in place with two lug nuts. Rotate the drum, and adjust the brake adjuster with a flat-head screwdriver until you hear a very light scuffling noise.

    17

    Place the wheels back on the Accord, lower the car, and tighten the lug nuts. Pump the brake pedal several times to set the brake adjusters, then drive the car slowly for 5 minutes, pressing the pedal several times going forward and backward to seat the shoes.

How to Fit Car Glass

If cracks have appeared in your car glass or side windows have been broken, then you'll need to replace the car's glass. To fit car glass you'll need the right equipment; otherwise, the glass will not be secure, and this may cause further problems, such as leakages or more cracks. To prepare, make sure you have all the right tools and ask a friend to help.

Instructions

    1

    Contact your mechanic or local automotive repair center. Place an order for replacement glass for your vehicle by giving the make, model and year of manufacture of your car.

    2

    Purchase a new rubber seal, sealant and adhesive from your glass supplier. Ask for advice about the best available products so that you get the right materials for the job. This is important so that the new glass is securely fitted into place, without leakages or falling out.

    3

    Remove the old glass from your vehicle. To achieve this, use a special windshield removal knife. The knife is specifically designed to pry the windshield, quarter glass or back light away from the supporting rubber seal. By doing so, you avoid damaging the rubber and smashing the glass by accident.

    4

    Replace the worn out rubber seal from around the edge of the glass and put a new one in place with adhesive. Remove the seal by pulling it off the rim of the window or, alternatively, use a windshield wire to pry it away. Affix the seal with adhesive and protect the car from leaks by using a sealant around the rim. Let the adhesive and sealant dry.

    5

    Clean the seal and rim. Even though you've replaced the gasket, it's important to clean the area so you get a tight fitting piece of glass in the area, without debris interfering. Do this by scrubbing the area with a toothbrush, water and detergent. Then, let the area dry.

    6

    Fit the glass in the car. Ask a friend to help you do this, as it requires careful precision to line up the new piece of glass and fit it into the groove of the seal.

    7

    Apply adhesive underneath the edging of the rubber seal of the window and press it down firmly. This will hold the glass in place, while ensuring that the window is watertight. Before driving the vehicle, let it dry and clean the area once again with a toothbrush, so that you leave a professional finish to your newly fitted car glass.

Mazda 626 Windshield Installation

Mazda 626 Windshield Installation

The law says that if you have a crack in the windshield of your Mazda 626 that is bigger than a quarter, the windshield must be replaced. Going over a bump in the road can turn the smallest of cracks into a large one so replacing a cracked windshield is the sensible thing to do. You can do the repair yourself if you take your time and follow the right steps, checking each one as you go.

Instructions

Removal

    1

    Verify that the windshield frame is sound and that there are no signs of damage, such as dents or corrosion.

    2

    Lay vinyl sheets across the hood to protect it in case the windshield shatters when you remove it.

    3

    Put on safety glasses and work gloves.

    4

    Remove the wiper blades and wiper arms with a flat head screwdriver. Remove the rubber gasket around the windshield by prying it away with the screwdriver then gently pulling it.

    5

    Break the seal that runs around the windshield. Insert a crowbar under the corner of the windshield and pop it out. Work all the way around the windshield until it is free of its mounting. Lift the windshield out of its frame with the help of an assistant.

Installation

    6

    Sand around the edge of the new windshield and the frame then apply bonding agent to both the windshield and the frame.

    7

    Mount the new windshield into the frame and press it into position.

    8

    Replace the rubber gasket and wipe away any excess bonding agent.

    9

    Re-attach the wiper arms and blades with the screwdriver.

Sabtu, 18 Agustus 2012

Step-by-Step Brake Pad Replacement

Step-by-Step Brake Pad Replacement

Modern automotive disc brakes are reliable, effective and simple to maintain. All brake parts are easily accessible, and the function of the various components is easy to understand. One of the most frequent routine maintenance requirements on a vehicle is replacing the brake pads as they will wear out over time due to the friction generated in the braking action. Vehicle owners can save both time and money by learning how to perform this routine service themselves.

Instructions

    1

    Park the vehicle on a level, paved surface. Block the front wheels if you are working on a rear brake and block the rear wheels if you are working on a front brake. Loosen the lug nuts about one full turn each. Raise the vehicle with a jack and set it on a jack stand. Finish removing the lug nuts then pull off the wheel.

    2

    Unscrew the lower of the two brake caliper bolts with a wrench. Rotate the caliper upwards around the upper bolt as far as it will go and secure the caliper in this position with a bungee cord or piece of wire.

    3

    Remove any retaining clips that hold the brake pads in place, then remove the old pads and shims by sliding them towards the center of the caliper frame until they pull free.

    4

    Hook a large C-clamp over the back of the caliper frame and place the spindle of the clamp onto the piston face. Tighten the clamp to push the piston back into the cylinder.

    5

    Install the new brake pads and shims, then reinstall the retaining clips.

    6

    Rotate the caliper down to its original position and reinstall the caliper bolt.

    7

    Remount the wheel with the lug nuts. Raise the vehicle and remove the jack stands then lower it to the ground with the jack. Start the engine and pump the brake pedal until it feels firm to extend the brake piston.

How to Replace a Stuck Window in a 1998 Nissan Sentra

If a window in your 1998 Nissan Sentra can't be raised or lowered, it may be stuck on the window regulator, or the regulator itself may be damaged. To remedy this problem, remove the window from the regulator, and inspect the regulator. The work should take no longer than an hour.

Instructions

    1

    Locate the two screws attached to the door handle on your Sentra. Use a Phillips-head screwdriver to remove the screws, and pull the door handle away from the door.

    2

    Unhook the door panel trim from around its connectors. Pull the trim away from the door. Remove the screws attached to the door panel. Pull the door panel away from the door.

    3

    Remove the two bolts connecting the window to the window regulator. Place the bolts in a safe area such as a magnetic tray to ensure you don't lose them. Lift the window away from the door frame.

    4

    Determine whether the window regulator can move up and down within the door frame. If it doesn't move, remove the mounting bolts from the regulator and replace it. Place the new regulator on the door, and tighten the bolts.

    5

    Place the window back into the door frame. Line up the bolt holes on the bottom of the window pane with those on the top of the regulator, and insert the bolts. Lift the door panel back onto the door, and fix it in place with the screws. Slide the door handle back in place, and reattach the two screws.

Jumat, 17 Agustus 2012

How to Fix a Nick in a Car Windshield

How to Fix a Nick in a Car Windshield

Repairing a nick in a windshield is not as easy as it may seem. You must first take a close look to see if the chip is on the surface or if it goes to the middle layer of the windshield where there is a tough sheet of plastic to keep the glass from shattering. You should then determine if the nick a bullseye break with a very small surface hole, or if there is any spider webbing or lines radiating from the break. These can cause severe problems and are not easily repaired.

Instructions

    1

    Clean and flake the small glass chips from around the hole with the needle supplied in the windshield repair kit. Pick the edges to smooth them. Attempt to slightly enlarge the hole by dislodging sharp fragments. The object is to allow good flow of the filler resin to fill the cavity.

    2

    Spray glass cleaner directly into the hole. Overflow the cavity with the cleaner to wash out the tiny glass fragments. Clean the surrounding area and allow the repair site to dry. Move the vehicle to a shady area.

    3

    Attach the repair kit's injector base to the windshield. Fill the base with resin. Install the syringe into the base, pull it up and lock it in place. This creates a vacuum condition, and bubbles will begin to form as air escapes the hole in the windshield. Leave it in place for 10 to 20 minutes. Push the syringe down, and lock it in place. This forces the resin into the break. Let it sit for another 20 minutes.

    4

    Remove the syringe and base. Clean up any excess resin. If a tiny hole is left over, fill it with a drop of leftover resin, and cover the repair with the curing film. Move the vehicle to sunlight and let it sit for 30 minutes. Scrape off any excess resin with a razor blade.

How to Replace a Windshield on a Chevy Blazer

If the windshield on your Chevrolet Blazer is cracked, even slightly, chances are that the crack will continue to get worse over time. In most states a cracked windshield is an automatic ticket, so it's critical that you replace the windshield as soon as possible. This repair is not overly difficult, but it does take a bit of patience.

Instructions

    1

    Slide the screwdriver under the edge of the weather stripping on the outside of the windshield's perimeter to remove the stripping.

    2

    Slide the razor blade along the edge of the windshield to cut the silicone bonding holding the windshield in place.

    3

    Use the small crowbar to gently lift each edge of the windshield to make sure it is completely free. Have you assistant help lift the windshield out of the car's frame and set it aside.

    4

    Use the razor blade and sandpaper to remove any leftover silicone from the edges of the car frame. Apply bonding agent to the edges of the car frame as well as the new windshield.

    5

    Caulk a bead of silicone sealant along the edge of the Blazer's frame, and have your assistant help lift the new windshield into place. Carefully lower the windshield onto the frame, and press it firmly into place.

    6

    Slide the screwdriver along the edge of the windshield to remove the excess silicone, then reinstall the weather stripping. Allow the windshield to dry for at least four hours before driving the vehicle and at least 24 hours before washing the vehicle.

Kamis, 16 Agustus 2012

Replacing Rear Brakes on a 2004 Infinity FX45

The 2004 Infiniti FX45 is equipped with both front and rear disc brakes. Disc brakes stop the vehicle by using a hydraulic piston to press two brake pads against a flat, metal rotor to create friction. This friction is what stops the vehicle. The friction also wears away the brake pads. Eventually, you will have to replace the pads. You'll know it's time when you begin to hear a squealing sound when you press the brake pedal. Do not ignore the sound. If you wait too long, the worn pads will damage the rotors, making the repair much more expensive.

Instructions

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on both rear wheels. Raise the rear of the vehicle using the jack. Support both sides by lowering the vehicle onto jack stands.

    2

    Remove the lug nuts and take off the rear wheels.

    3

    Place a drip pan under the brake assembly. Spray the entire assembly with brake cleaner to remove the brake pad dust. Let the brakes air dry.

    4

    Use a socket wrench to remove the upper sliding pin bolt located on the rear of the brake caliper.

    5

    Rotate the cylinder body down off the rotor to access the brake pads in the torque member. Use a piece of wire to secure the cylinder body to prevent damage to the brake hose.

    6

    Slide the old pads out of the torque member. If necessary, use a pair of needle-nose pliers to lift the pad retainers, but be careful not to bend them.

    7

    Apply a coat of high-temperature silicon-based grease to the rear of the new pads. Attach the new shims to the back of the pads and put a coat of grease on the back of the shims.

    8

    Place the pads back in the torque member. Make sure the pad retainers are fully seated in the torque member.

    9

    Use a large C-clamp to press the piston back into the cylinder body.

    10

    Rotate the cylinder body back onto the torque member. Replace the lower sliding pin and use the torque wrench to tighten it to 32 ft.-lbs. of torque. Repeat the procedure on the other rear wheel.

    11

    Replace the wheels and lug nuts. Lower the vehicle and tighten the lug nuts.

    12

    Drive the vehicle for a few miles. Make several quick stops from approximately 40 miles an hour. This will seat the pads and condition the surface of the brake pads for maximum efficiency.

Rabu, 15 Agustus 2012

How to Replace the Rear Brakes on a 1993 Ford Bronco

In 1993, The Bronco was just three model years from elimination, as the Expedition replaced it in 1997. The 1993 Bronco came standard with a 5.0-liter V-8 engine, four-wheel drive, and a front disc and rear drum brake configuration. Replacing the rear drum brakes on the 1993 Bronco requires special care, as there are numerous small parts to keep track of. As you remove the various components, lay them on a flat surface in the same position they mount on the truck. This will help you when reinstalling them.

Instructions

Removal

    1

    Loosen the lug nuts on the rear wheels with a breaker bar and socket. Lift the rear of the Bronco off the ground, using a floor jack, and slide jack stands under the Broncos frame rails. Lower the SUV onto the jack stands. Remove the lug nuts and pull the rear wheels from the vehicle.

    2

    Pull the retaining washers from the wheel studs with needle-nose pliers, if equipped. Discard these washers, as you do not need them.

    3

    Pry the drum brake adjustment plug from the rear of the drum brake backing plate with a flat-head screwdriver. Insert a small flat-head screwdriver into the adjustment hole until it contacts the brake shoe adjusting lever, the metal lever above the star-shaped adjuster wheel. Press the adjusting lever away from the adjuster wheel with the screwdriver and rotate the adjuster wheel downward with a drum brake adjuster tool until the drum rotates freely, then pull the drum off. Grip the rear drum at the 3 and 9 oclock positions and wiggle the drum as you pull it outward.

    4

    Draw a diagram or take a picture of the drum brake assembly, paying special attention to all of the springs, levers, cables and guides. Also document the color of each spring to aid in reinstallation.

    5

    Position a drain pan under the brake assembly and spray the entire assembly liberally with spray brake cleaner. This prevents asbestos dust particles from becoming airborne.

    Place large slip-joint pliers over the wheel cylinder, so each side of the pliers jaws are contacting each of the wheel cylinders pistons. Open the wheel cylinders bleeder valve with a combination wrench, then immediately squeeze the pliers until the pistons retract into the wheel cylinder. Immediately close the bleeder valve and remove the pliers.

    6

    Pry the adjusting lever downward and toward the rear of the vehicle with a flat-head screwdriver and slide the adjusting lever from the hole in the secondary shoe -- the rear-most shoe -- frame. Remove the adjusting lever spring from the adjuster lever and primary shoe -- the front-most shoe -- frame. Pull the self-adjuster cables end from the adjuster lever.

    7

    Look at the top of the brake assembly and find the pin at the 12 oclock position; this is the anchor pin. Pry the secondary shoe-to-anchor spring from the anchor pin with drum brake multi-tool, then repeat this step to pry the primary shoe-to-anchor pin spring from the anchor pin.

    8

    Pull the self-adjuster cable end from the anchor pin and from its guide on the rear-most part of the drum brake assembly. Pull the adjuster cable from the adjuster lever, then set the cable and lever aside for reuse. Pivot the cable guide outward to align its retaining pins with the holes in the secondary shoe, then pull the guide from the shoe. Pull the metal plate off the anchor pin and set it aside for reuse.

    9

    Remove the primary and secondary brake shoe hold-down springs by compressing the springs and turning them until the notch in the springs caps align with their retaining pins, using the drum brake multi-tool. Release the springs and pull them from the shoes.

    10

    Pull the brake shoes away from the drum brake backing plate, then remove the adjusting screw assembly. Remove the primary brake shoe and leave the secondary shoe hanging by the parking brake lever and cable.

    11

    Pull the parking brake link and its spring -- the thin bar spanning the width of the backing plate -- from the parking brake lever. Pull the parking brake spring away from the parking brake cable-to-parking brake lever anchor, using slip-joint pliers, and slide the anchor from its bed in the parking brake lever.

    12

    Pull the secondary shoe and parking brake lever from the vehicle. Grip the U-shaped retaining clip retaining the parking brake lever on the brake shoe, using needle-nose pliers, and pull the retaining clip from the parking brake lever. Pull the washer off the parking brake lever and remove the lever from the secondary shoe. Set the lever aside for reuse.

    13

    Repeat steps 3 through 12 on the other side of the Bronco.

Installation

    14

    Guide the parking brake levers pivot pin through its mounting hole into the top of the new secondary shoe. Slide the washer onto the end of the pivot pin, then align the U-shaped clip with the groove in the pivot pin. Press the U-shaped clip into the groove with slip-joint pliers.

    15

    Hold the secondary shoe near the end of the parking brake cable. Pull the spring away from the parking brake cable-to-parking brake lever anchor with slip-joint pliers and slide the anchor into its bed in the parking brake lever. Release the spring.

    16

    Set the secondary shoe in place on the rear of the drum brake backing plate, guiding the shoe-retaining pin thorough its hole in the shoes frame. Guide the shoe hold-down spring onto the retaining pin, then press it downward until the end of the pin protrudes from the springs cap, using the multi-tool, and turn the spring a half turn to lock the pin on the spring.

    17

    Position the adjusting screw onto the flat on the lower part of the secondary shoe, with the threaded side of the screw toward the secondary shoe. Set the parking brake link on the flat spot on the upper part of the secondary shoes frame, with the links spring side facing away from the secondary shoe.

    18

    Guide the primary shoe onto the drum backing plate, so the flat on the lower part of its frame slides into the slot on the free end of the adjuster screw, the slot in the parking brake link slides onto the flat section near the top of the shoes frame and the shoe-retaining pin goes through its hole in the shoes frame. Install the hold-down spring in the same manner you did on the secondary screw in Step 3.

    19

    Slide the adjuster cable guides tabs through their holes in the secondary shoe and lay the guide flat on the secondary shoes frame. Slide the anchor pin plate back onto the anchor pin.

    20

    Guide the end of the self-adjuster cable onto the anchor pin and route it over the cable guide. Insert the adjuster lever into its holes on the base of the secondary shoe and hook the free end of the self adjuster cable into hole on the top of the adjuster lever.

    21

    Hook the short side of the primary shoe-to-anchor pin spring in the hole near the top of the primary shoes frame. Pry the long end of the primary shoe-to-anchor pin spring over the anchor pin, using the multi-tool. Repeat this step to install the secondary shoe-to-anchor pin spring.

    22

    Connect the short side of the adjusting lever spring to the lower hole in the primary shoe by hooking it through the hole. Pull the spring toward the top of the adjusting lever with slip-joint pliers and slide the hook on the long end of the spring in the hole on the top of the adjusting lever.

    23

    Align the wheel stud holes in the drum with the wheel studs and press the drum into place over the new brake shoes until it seats on the wheel hub.

    24

    Repeat steps 1 through 10 on the other side of the Bronco.

Adjusting the Brakes

    25

    Insert a flat-head screwdriver into the adjusting hole in the drum brake backing plate and press the adjusting lever away from the adjuster wheel. Rotate the adjuster wheel upward with a drum brake adjuster until the shoes lock onto the drum, which is when you cannot rotate the drum freely by hand.

    26

    Rotate the adjuster wheel three-quarters of a turn downward to back the shoes into their automatic adjusting position. Press the drum brake adjuster plug into the hole on the drum brake backing plate.

    27

    Repeat steps 1 and 2 on the other side of the truck.

    28

    Install the rear wheels and hand-tighten the lug nuts. Raise the SUV off the jack stands and remove them. Lower the Bronco to the ground and tighten the lug nuts, in a crisscross pattern, to 100 foot-pounds if the SUV has five lug nuts or 140 foot-pounds if it has eight lug nuts, using a torque wrench and socket.

    29

    Start the SUV, then press and release the brake pedal five to 10 times to activate the auto-adjusting feature of the drum brake system. Check the fluid level in the master cylinder and fill it to the Max line, if needed.

    30

    Take any old brake fluid to a used automotive fluid recycling center for disposal. Some auto parts stores take old fluids for free.

How to Replace Windows on a Chevrolet Nova

The Chevrolet Nova name refers to a compact car produced from 1962 to 1979 and a subcompact car produced from 1985 to 1988. General Motors produced both vehicles. If you own a Nova and a window is broken, you must remove the interior door panel to replace it. On older vehicles where the window glass is badly scratched, replacing the window glass will greatly enhance visibility for the driver.

Instructions

Removing the Interior Door Panel

    1

    Remove the trim bezel that surrounds the inside door handle on your Nova. A small screw retains the bezel; use a Phillips screwdriver to remove the screw. Then pull the bezel from the interior door panel.

    2

    Use a GM window crank removal tool to remove the window crank handle. Align the tool with the handle, and slide the tool between the handle and the door panel. This will disengage the steel retaining clip and allow you to pull the handle off the regulator shaft.

    3

    Remove the armrest. Its retaining bolts will be concealed under small trim pieces along the inboard face of the armrest. Pry these off with a flat-head screwdriver. Then pull out the retaining bolts and remove the armrest.

    4

    If your Nova is equipped with remote control mirrors, you must remove the plastic trim piece that houses the control knob. Using a Phillips screwdriver, pull out the singe screw that retains the trim piece, and remove the trim piece.

    5

    Remove the interior door panel. Hidden plastic clips retain the door panel. Insert a wide, flat paint scrapper between the interior door panel and the steel door frame. Side the paint scrapper around the door frame until you contact one of the clips. Pull straight out, away from the door frame, to disengage the plastic clip from the door frame. Continue around the door until all the clips are disengaged. Then lift the door panel straight up to separate the top of the panel from the door, and remove it from the Nova.

Removing the Door Glass

    6

    Carefully remove the plastic water deflector shield, which is held in place with tape. Simply pull it off; but be careful not to tear it.

    7

    Lower the window fully.

    8

    Remove the weatherstripping from around the window by prying it out with the flat-head screwdriver.

    9

    Use a wrench to remove the bolt that connects the window regulator arm to the steel glass channel attached to the bottom of the window glass.

    10

    Carefully lift the glass up through the window opening, and remove it from the car.

Installing the New Door Glass

    11

    Slide the steel glass channel off the old window and onto the new window.

    12

    Carefully slide the new window into the opening at the top of the door.

    13

    Reinstall the bolt that connects the window regulator arm to the steel glass channel.

    14

    Reinstall the weatherstripping around the window opening by carefully pressing it into the channel in the window frame.

    15

    Reinstall the plastic water deflector shield. Use masking tape to secure it to the door frame.

Reinstalling the Interior Door Panel

    16

    Lower the interior door panel into position over the door. Make sure the tab at the top of the interior door panel engages the groove on the inside of the door at the bottom of the window opening.

    17

    Use the palm of your hand to press the plastic clips into the holes in the door frame. Continue around the interior until all the clips are pressed in.

    18

    Reinstall the plastic trim piece that houses the remote mirror control knob. Lift the trim piece into position, and reinstall the screw that retains it.

    19

    Lift the armrest into position, and reinstall the three screws that retain it. Then press the screw covers into the armrest.

    20

    Reinstall the window crank by pressing it onto the regulator shaft.

    21

    Slide the trim bezel into position around the interior door handle, and then reinstall the screw that retains it.